• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

EU functions

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Rachel Sloan H.N.C Social Science E.U Institutions Outcome 1 & 2 (integrated assessment) "Describe the principle EU institutions and analyse the community decision making process across the principle EU institutions." The European Union is an intergovernmental union consisting of 25 democratic member states from around the European continent, its aim is to work together to improve the life of their citizens. The name European Union was established by the treaty on European union in 1992 (the maastricht treaty). However many of the unions aspects were present before the treaty in 1992 and there is documented evidence to suggest predecessor relationships dating back to 1951. Today the union has a common single market consisting of a customs union, a common agricultural policy, a common trade policy, a commons fisheries policy and a commons foreign and security policy. The most important E.U Institutions are said to be the council of the European Union, the European commission, the European court of justice and the European Parliament. There are 3 main decision- making institutions within the European Union, Parliament, Council and the European commission. These 3 institutions are commonly spoke about as the "institutional triangle" in which policies and produced and applied throughout the E.U. The European Parliament was founded back in the 1950's and was built apon a number of treaties and since 1979 its members have been elected by the very people they represent, the European citizens. These elections are held every 5 years and any registered E.U citizen is entitled to vote. ...read more.

Middle

When making decisions in council, they follow the same routine as parliament, they all vote to indicate their opinion. The larger the population the more votes they receive for example Netherlands receive 13 votes however Malta only receives 3. In order for the legislation or motion to be passed by council it has to win the qualified majority of the votes, this is usually 72.3% of the total vote. A qualified majority is the number of votes required in the Council for a decision to be adopted. Today majority voting is applied to most decisions made by the council, it is used for a bulk of decisions even as far as legislative leaving only key sensitive issues to be decided unanimously (including tax, social policy, defence, foreign policy and treaty revision). A Qualified or weighted majority means that larger more populous states and given more voters than smaller states. How they determine who gets how many votes as a complex issue, the most recent changed the system was agreed act the nice European council in the year 2000. You Due to the nice treaty, decisions will require a triple majority as of 2005. This means that decisions will need to gain the support of a qualified majority of states, at least 62% of the EU's state population backing it, and at support from at least half of the member state regardless of size. To pass a vote by Qualified majority the proposal must be backed by 232 out of the 321 votes, the countries supporting the proposal must make up at least 62% of the EU population. ...read more.

Conclusion

So if any country has any doubts about any law then they will ask the court of justice for advise and this advise is returned as a preliminary ruling. If there is any suspicion that a country is not upholding the law then the court is called to investigate the matter and issue penalties if it is not sorted then the court has the power to issue penalties. Also if any of the member states find any of the laws to be illegal or against the treaties then they hold the right to take it to have an annulment from the court. If the parliament, commission and council do not make all the decisions they are required to make, the court can officially document the complaints made. The European Union is built up of many different parts and they all work in conjunction with each other to ensure the highest form of life for its citizens. Parliament and Council work together to bring around new laws that will benefit the EU's citizens and the commission proposes these laws and through the use of their DG's have different proposals to be introduced. The court of justice is the institution that deals with complaints and other complications within the system, one of which is to ensure that the law is practised in all member countries and all have a gathered interpretation of it. All of these different institutions are important within the European Union as if they didn't all exist then the Union would not be as successful and democratic. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. Explain the process by which EU law is made and the process by which ...

    The rulings of the ECJ have allowed individuals to rely on EU law in claims against the state and also forced the Government to implement EU law more fully. The development of the Francovitch principle has provided citizens with a remedy against the state, when otherwise they would not have had one.

  2. The Institution of the European Union and Theories.

    by firms *Following notifications of state aid planned by a member state The competition policy allows the Commission to carry out inspections on businesses and premises without giving prior notice and can demand to see the necessary documents. If firms are to found to be exploiting the consumers the Commission

  1. What Are The Functions Of The Four EU Institutions? How Are European Laws Made?

    The council passes EU law under recommendations of the European Commission and the European Parliament. It also approves the budget of the EU, and formulates a foreign and defense policy of the member states, even though each nation may, and probably does have, their own foreign and defense policy.

  2. Which EU institution is the most powerful

    The Parliament is responsible for selecting and appointing the European Commission but more importantly the EP can dismiss the Commission on a vote of censure by a two-thirds majority. However the parliament has never used this power and unlikely to as this would cause huge chaos and simply will not happen.

  1. Analyse the claim that nowadays "the president's cabinet performs no useful functions

    This is due mainly to the fact that; some functions of the government are no longer applicable, the president has increasing strains on his time (especially if running for re-election) or possibly because the president may become disillusioned with his cabinet members.

  2. Managing Work Team Conflict: Assessment and Preventative Strategies

    about any interpersonal things that are preventing high team performance, which can be done anonymously or openly (depending on the atmosphere of the team), by asking: * What are you doing that is effective? * What could you be doing that is more effective?

  1. The Institutional Consequences of Domestic Politics on Africa's International Relations and Regional Cooperation.

    African States also sought through such Organization to eradicate all forms of colonialism and defend their sovereignty and territorial integrity. The Organization was also to cooperate with the United Nations in defense of fundamental human rights. However, accomplishment of these objectives, require political and diplomatic cooperation.

  2. An assessement of the impact of the lawyers' establishment directive.

    It is also noteworthy that the perceived obstacles to lawyer migration are not necessarily universal, in that where regional similarities exist in language, culture, or law, statistical trends indicate a greater propensity toward cross-border movement. That is why Belgian and Luxembourg qualified lawyers have been the largest cross-border movers into

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work