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Europe post WW1

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Introduction

Around the 20th century, the end of the First World War cleared the way for the formation of democratic regimes. Why they had not been successful, why the people didn't use the opportunity to establish a democratic political system and why did the dictatorships appear, is still unclear, but it is a very discussible subject. The decisive role in these processes was the human being. It was the object of the cause, but on the other hand he was also the subject - executor of all the problems as well. The First World War was expected to be short, with a quick triumph on either side. On the contrary, the war caused a giant massacre to all the countries involved, and lasted for four years. Also against the expectations of political leaders and military commanders new techniques of fighting were used, as well as new weapons (for example the chloric gas, tanks and aircrafts). Due to all this, 13 million people were killed, of which 2 million were Germans, 1.75 million Russians, 1.5 million Frenchmen, 1 million British and 0.5 million Italians. But death was just one of the worst consequences of the First World War. Just military failures on the fronts, along with other problems directly affected internal politics in a great way. ...read more.

Middle

Democracy is a system of government, thought of as allowing freedom of speech, religion and political opinion. It is also a fair and equal treatment of each other by citizens, without social class divisions. That is what was meant by a democratic state, and many countries used this system, until it was affected by the economic crisis, but also with racial and social crises. The economic crisis involved the inflation in 1920 in Germany, which developed into a universal depression within 9 years. Ethnic groups were in conflict, different social groups argued within themselves and all this greatly affected the political parties. The democracies didn't know how to cope with all this, but neither would have any other regime, except no one realized this and the democracy was blamed. Another inconvenience in the time was the proportional system that was used. Even though more parties had a say, and if this system was used properly it would have been easier to come up with compromises to solve problems, it confused the people even more. They didn't know whom to support and the chaos grew. Because of this, the democratic system stopped paying attention to real problems and instead tried to put together a perfect government. One thing that could have helped democracy was a alluring leader, who would at least give the people hope, and solutions for all the problems, which sometimes couldn't be solved as simply as was said. ...read more.

Conclusion

Germany was mostly affected, because of the contributions it had to pay, according to the treaty of Versailles. All in all, Europe made more products but didn't sell as many, and because of that her share in world trade decreased. More modern and sufficient methods of production were used, which on one hand caused the fall in agricultural prices, but on the other it contributed to the increase of unemployment, and economically affected other countries as well. Europe was also falling into a desperate situation and had to borrow money from the United States. That meant, that the European economic development was fully dependant of the American loans. The situation in America started to deteriorate. Investors were experiencing a boom therefore they invested their money at home, and caused the economy to overheat. The result of this was the Wall Street crash. No more investments were made in Europe, and America started to experience a crisis of her own. Since the USA discontinued the loans, Europe's chance to recovery was also cut off. The production started to decrease again, and banks began to collapse. Industrial countries were affected, as well as agricultural countries, because of the drop in agricultural prices and the failure of trade with agricultural products. This partially damaged the Soviet Union as well, even though not as badly as the other countries, because Russia isolated itself from the rest of the world, economically and politically ...read more.

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