• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

European scrutiny committees

Extracts from this document...


European scrutiny committees were set up in order to look at European legislation being put forward and analyse it to see what implications (if any) it had for Britain. The committees have the power to * Send for persons, papers or records * Meet away from Westminster * Appoint specialist advisors - either to supply information which is not readily available or to explain matters of complexity to the committee * Meet on days when Parliament is adjourned * Appoint sub-committees * Exchange papers and/or meet concurrently to take evidence, deliberate and consider draft reports. They and their sub-committees may exchange papers or meet concurrently with relevant committees of the Lords The European Scrutiny Committee in the House of Commons consists of sixteen Members, nominated for the duration of a Parliament, with a quorum of five, and is able to appoint specialist advisers. It receives copies of Commission proposals, together with a memo explaining matters prepared by the relevant Government Department, which provides information about the general effect of the document, its financial, legal and policy implications, and any other relevant information, such as whether the document is awaiting further consideration by other European Community bodies. In the case of fast moving proposals for which a formal Commission proposal to the Council is not available yet, departments often produce an unnumbered memo predicting the likely contents, in order to keep Parliament informed. ...read more.


This is done by Supplementary Explanatory Memoranda, which are also considered by the Commons and Lords Committees. At the beginning of every parliamentary session within the House of Lords the committee for the scrutiny of European legislation is appointed. The chairman of the committee is known as the Principal Deputy Chairman of Committees and receives a salary. Around 20 members make up this main committee although each of the members also serves on the sub-committees set up to allow the committee to conduct investigations. Approximately 70 lords are involved in the work of either the main committee or that of one of the sub-committees. The sub committees consist of: * Economic and Financial Affairs, Trade and External relations (A) * Energy, Industry and Transport (B) * Common, Foreign and Security Policy(C) * Environment, Agriculture, Public Health and Consumer Protection (D) * Law and Institutions (E) * Social Affairs, Education and Home Affairs (F) The Treaty of Nice sets out recommendations for the future structure of the European Union. The Commission Since its origins, the Commission has consisted of two nationals from each of the larger member states and one from each of the smaller member states. With negotiations going with twelve applicant countries who could also be joined by others in the near future. With twenty-eight member states in the European Union could have meant as many as thirty-five commissioners if the system hadn't been changed. ...read more.


preliminary rulings For the Court of Justice - * The power to rule on disputes concerning intellectual property * The number of judges to be in line with the number of Member states * Through the Council, the rules of procedure for both courts to require a qualified majority rather than that of unanimity The European Parliament The present number of members is 626. The Amsterdam Treaty in 1997 placed an upper limit of 700 on the number of members of the European Parliament. With the continuing enlargement of the European Union, the number of members (of Parliament) will soon be well over 700, which has the serious potential of undermining the effectiveness of Parliament. To ratify this situation, the distribution of seats between the member states has been revised (whilst still staying in accordance with the principle of 'appropriate representation of the peoples'. Through the Treaty of Nice the upper limit was changed from 700 to a ceiling of 732. For the parliamentary term of 2004 - 2009, after the allocation and distribution of seats to the current member states and those who have signed the accession treaty by January 1st 2004, the number of members will (provisionally) be increased proportionally for each Member State (up to the ceiling of 732). Any countries who join the European Union during this parliamentary term will also be able to elect their members, so, in this case, the ceiling may be temporarily exceeded. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. A clear explanation of key underpinning economic theories relevant to the EU.

    The policy is tough on price fixing where firms fix prices in-order to compete with competitors or even put them out of business. This act does not allow mergers, which will not benefit the consumer. This has an effect on business as there would be competition existing and a choice for the consumer as there being many firms supplying.

  2. What does citizenship mean in the European context?

    But when we turn to the text of Articles 138d and 138e, we find that in the first place, the rights, even of petition and a complaint against maladministration, are restricted to matters which comes within the Community's fields of activity as if the citizen cannot be directly harmed by

  1. Economic and political integration between the member states of the European Union means that ...

    The European Investment Bank and the European Central Bank The European Investment Bank, the financial institution of the European Union, was set up by the Treaty of Rome in 1958 to finance investments in support of the Union's objectives. The EIB has legal personality and is financially independent.

  2. Issues pertaining to the professional conduct of IT professionals

    The three societies have cleverly created links with educational institutes, which will ensure them ample memberships in the future, and increase their influence on the curricula, this will also help these IT societies keep up to date in the IT field.

  1. An examination of British policy with regard to European Unity during the period 1945 ...

    The essay will refer to Labour's socialist principles and commitments, the relationship with the Commonwealth, and the argument that Britain still viewed its self as on of the `Big Three' pillars of global power. These facets will be cited as the prime reasons for British policy during these years.

  2. Analyse the changes to European Union's institutions introduced by the Treaty of Nice

    The end of the meeting was entirely appropriate. Nobody knew what the final deal was, because the Presidency had shifted its ground so often. 3. The Treaty is nevertheless useful. As far as the "Amsterdam leftovers" were concerned both the large and the small states could claim success.

  1. How effective is the scrutiny role of TDs?

    Committees are another which in which TDs can scrutinize the government and this too is subject to a lot of criticism.

  2. An Analysis of the Powers of the European Parliament.

    The other important power this procedure gives the EP is the final assent over admission of new members this has become more significant as more countries seek to join the EU . The EP is able to use this power to significantly increase its own power in return for allowing new countries to join.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work