• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate the likely changes to the structure of the principle EU institutions due to enlargement"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Rachel Sloan HNC Social Science EU Institutions Enlargement "Evaluate the likely changes to the structure of the principle EU institutions due to enlargement" The Treaty of Nice was adopted by the European Council in order to adjust the two founding treaties of the European Union, the Maastricht treaty, which introduced the three pillar structure setting the European Union and the Treaty of Rome, which established the European Economic Community. The treaty's main purpose was to try and fix the institutional problems, resulting from enlargement, this was supposed to be addressed at the Amsterdam Inter-Governmental Conference (IGC), but the Treaty of Amsterdam did not solve the Enlargement difficulties. The treaty allowed the European Parliament to increase the amount of seats, as the Amsterdam treaty only allowed 732 and due to enlargement more were required. Also due to Enlargement the number of Commissioners in countries, were being reduced as they had to be spread out in order to cover all countries, this was another part of the Nice Treaty. However the treaty of Nice was considered inadequate as id failed to deal with the problem of Enlargement, this lead to the development of the European Convention, which led to a new Inter-Governmental Conference in 2004. ...read more.

Middle

The council of ministers will have to make these changes too in order of proper representation of the new countries. The council will have to observe these additional members in all areas including foreign security and home affairs. The European court will also have to take on these changes and will have to ensure that all new countries respect their rule of law. However out of all the institutions the European Parliament will be most affected, beliefs and common values will have to be taken into account by the parliament. The legislative process itself will undergo a series of changes as new countries opinions will be brought forward thus making the process longer. Also the new countries will need funds and these financial needs will dramatically change the allocation of fund in order to accommodate these needs. Due to these changes, enlargement negotiations are usually lengthy and often dramatic. Finland, for example, applied to become a member state on the 18th march 1992 and did not gain membership until 1st January 1995, 2 years and 8 months after their application. However, Finland was one of the shorter waiting times as some of the longer periods go up to 8 years, as in the case of Portugal who waited a period of 8 years and 9 months. ...read more.

Conclusion

Due to Enlargement trade and investment opportunities are ever increasing for example since 1992 UK merchandise trade with the new member states has increased by 392%. It also means that issues such as border controls and other fights again organised crime can be monitored in more depth as all EU countries must meet standards on border controls, police, customs and judicial proceedings before they are allowed to join. One of the most worrying aspects of enlargement for citizens of member countries is their fear of mass migration. But since 1994 Britain has held a positive experience with citizens from other member states filling out jobs that are in labour shortages and very few people are actually seeking benefits from the UK. There are a lot of positive aspects to the Enlargement of the EU but there are however some disadvantages such as the added costs, the cost of public finances, increasing wages due to wage competition and the cost of labour market distribution. This essay shows how enlargement affects the primary institutions of the EU and that enlargement requires all institutions to take on board new ideas and beliefs that the new member state holds. Enlargement advantages and disadvantages on member states have also been evaluated, showing that enlargement has a beneficial role in all countries. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. A clear explanation of key underpinning economic theories relevant to the EU.

    Benefits This benefits firms as they can set up branches in all EU countries meaning business growing, resulting in economies of scale. Business can attract more customers as it has now expanded new to new territories. Boots has several stores in France and Spain.

  2. British Airways - company structure

    BA's growth in passenger traffic will also depend on its airports smooth working of airline service, from which its flights operates; BA operate their aircraft from two of BAA's airports, namely Heathrow, and Gatwick. BAA own and run seven British Airports, there are: Heathrow, Gatwick, Stansted, Southampton, Edinburough, Glasgow, and Aberdeen.

  1. The Importance of the Cyprus Issue in terms of the Accomplishment of the ESDP

    Ankara led by Javier Solana for the EU.12 However, there were two important developments prior to the summit that paved the way for the above mentioned circumstances to take place in the Helsinki Conferences. First was the Abdullah �calan's capture in February 1999 in Greece, which put the country in an awkward position.

  2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of EU enlargement?

    Existing members already provide a great wealth of cultural, economic and political diversity with in each country and with the addition of new members this can be increased by being able to understand new kinds of cultures, the exchange of ideas leads to bigger multi cultural societies.

  1. Back ground information about the EU

    However being in the EU also affects businesses negatively; the formation of the EU encouraged other nations to form further trading blocs. This increased the level of protectionism and discouraged trade between non-member nations; this depresses businesses in the UK as they find it hard to get access to better quality and cheaper resources.

  2. Regulation 2560/2001 on cross-border payments in Europe.

    As soon as this has happened, demand for alternative standards declines until they probably will not be economically viable anymore (Besanko, 2000). If this theory would hold true for the payment industry, then presumably STEP1 and STEP2 will set the standard and prevail ('mind your BICs and IBANs').

  1. This essay is intended to have an in-depth appraisal of the implication of the ...

    at which states have limited their rights the former held a broader scope of influence covering areas such as trade, tariffs and works right6. These institutions were however merged in 1967, when the merger treaty of 1965 came into effect putting all these institutions under one administration since most of

  2. The role of the EU on the Cyprus issue

    strong European orientation of the Greek-Cypriot part that forced the EU to gradually increase its involvement in the Cyprus problem. When the Republic of Cyprus applied for membership, Turkish leaders were alarmed. Turkey insisted that the Cypriot application should be unacceptable to the EU.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work