• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evolutionary and Revolutionary Socialists Disagree about both Means and Ends - Discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Evolutionary and Revolutionary Socialists Disagree about both Means and Ends Discuss The word socialist devolves from the Latin idea to share or combine, though many people argue that socialism had its routes as far back as Plato. Realistically true socialism only came to light in the 19th century. It came as a reaction to the growth of liberal capitalism and the ideas, which lay in its base. Socialists saw liberal capitalism fundamentally as being exploitive and saw the poverty and ill treatment it was handing out to the working classes. The lassez faire economic management that the government was using was giving capital owners an easy ride, giving them total control on wealth for its workers with the total control of wages and the total lack of any reasonable working conditions. Socialism was born and aim was to end this exploitary system of liberal capitalism. Like any ideology socialism has at its foundations a view of the world at present, a view of how they would think a perfect world would be and a way to get there, and within those a view on what Human nature is like. ...read more.

Middle

After several years this would with the state wither away as good nature would take over the committee of things would soon be the committee of persons though Marx and Engels saw the revolution as being an internationalist affair. Which would have to involve the whole world if it was going to be successful. Other revolutionaries had different ideas, for example both Lenin and later Stalin took Marx and Engels ideas and then tried applying them to Russia adopting them to work on people instead of paper. Ultimately communism in Russia collapsed and left a scarred country. Although it could be argued that the reason it failed was not because of the ideas it was because it forgot about the reasons behind it and Stalin became too powerful and corrupt and used communism to be a dictator. This differs hugely from evolutionary socialism, evolutionary socialism as an ideology developed much later than revolutionary socialism. It had seen and waved goodbye to the dark satanic mills and said hello to what a critic would say were capitalists defences against revolution, it saw in 1918 the franchisment for all males over 21 and some women. ...read more.

Conclusion

Though in the next hundred years afterwards changes started to occur although some argue they were the defences of capitalism, that are tricking people to believe they are in control, the changes made seemed to bring capitalism in to a more positive light. Evolutionary socialists started to emerge who saw capitalism as workable, and reformable. They saw the introduction of things like health and safety laws, a ban on child labour and a reduction in the number of working hours a person was allowed to work as positive an steps in the right direction. To the extent by the late 1970's many of the remaining revolutionary parties in countries such as Italy and France conceded that revolution was no longer an object but instead to influence through the democratic process. Too all extent now there are very few true communist states now and all are run by dictators. It seem that revolutionary socialism has had its day and a less radical evolutionary type of socialism is now here to stay. In conclusion it has seemed that revolutionary and evolutionary socialism have varied greatly from one another in both means and ends, but they were mainly separated in time and society. It almost seemed that a slow change can be seen with development of capitalism form revolution to evolution. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. 'Socialists have disagreed on both the means and ends of socialism' - Discuss

    Therefore political reform is pointless, and universal suffrage is a façade, covering up the reality of unequal class. A class-conscious working class must overthrow the 'bourgeois state' through revolution. After this there will be a state for a short time, under the 'dictatorship of the proletariat' until the danger of

  2. Why does Marx believe that capitalism will inevitably give way to socialism?

    This product earns the worker his livelihood i.e. he produces his salary. There is a portion of the working day left though; in this time he produces another commodity/surplus product for which he receives no remuneration.

  1. Why did Marx and Engels believe that history was on their side?

    In the Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels applied the term communism to a final stage of socialism in which all class differences would disappear (Payne 421). They declared that the course of history was discovered by the clash of opposing forces (Payne 421).

  2. Notes on John Stuart Mill's On Liberty

    Almost all of the laws which will contribute to maximum utility will be allowed by the harm principle. The laws which might contribute to utility, but are not allowed by the harm principle, could only be passed if a government allowed exceptions to the harm principle.

  1. Compare and contrast Marx and Engels with Mill regarding social and economic progress

    Before Mill wrote this work he was strongly influenced by his father, James Mill, who believed that self-interest was the basic motive of human nature and therefore only democracy can protect people from the selfish behaviour of rulers.

  2. How revolutionary were Lutheran and Calvinist theories of authority?

    Christians must follow their Lord and Saviour but at the same time be under the law instituted by the almighty God. Christians and non-Christians both need to be under the law. 'Both the Church and the State must acknowledge their subjection to God and that each has a distinctive God

  1. The rise of the Labour Party had more to do with class consciousness than ...

    Eric Hobsbawm describes the urban proletariat of this time as, 'the [proletariat] of the fish and chip shop, the football team and its supporters, the working class seaside holiday, the public elementary school, the working class pattern of betting... and not least, the Labour councillor and the "new" union'.

  2. Democracy and Capitalism in the Developing World: Compatible or Conflictive.

    It promised enfranchisement for the employed and excluded those who were outside of the paid/employed population. It was not able to exercise democratic control over the entire economy only over the micro- economic sector. Also market socialism required extensive state intervention which is contrary to the democratic principle of freedom to al, both market and state (Pierson 1977)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work