Evolutionary and Revolutionary Socialists Disagree about both Means and Ends - Discuss.
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Evolutionary and Revolutionary Socialists Disagree about both Means and Ends Discuss The word socialist devolves from the Latin idea to share or combine, though many people argue that socialism had its routes as far back as Plato. Realistically true socialism only came to light in the 19th century. It came as a reaction to the growth of liberal capitalism and the ideas, which lay in its base. Socialists saw liberal capitalism fundamentally as being exploitive and saw the poverty and ill treatment it was handing out to the working classes. The lassez faire economic management that the government was using was giving capital owners an easy ride, giving them total control on wealth for its workers with the total control of wages and the total lack of any reasonable working conditions. Socialism was born and aim was to end this exploitary system of liberal capitalism. Like any ideology socialism has at its foundations a view of the world at present, a view of how they would think a perfect world would be and a way to get there, and within those a view on what Human nature is like.
After several years this would with the state wither away as good nature would take over the committee of things would soon be the committee of persons though Marx and Engels saw the revolution as being an internationalist affair. Which would have to involve the whole world if it was going to be successful. Other revolutionaries had different ideas, for example both Lenin and later Stalin took Marx and Engels ideas and then tried applying them to Russia adopting them to work on people instead of paper. Ultimately communism in Russia collapsed and left a scarred country. Although it could be argued that the reason it failed was not because of the ideas it was because it forgot about the reasons behind it and Stalin became too powerful and corrupt and used communism to be a dictator. This differs hugely from evolutionary socialism, evolutionary socialism as an ideology developed much later than revolutionary socialism. It had seen and waved goodbye to the dark satanic mills and said hello to what a critic would say were capitalists defences against revolution, it saw in 1918 the franchisment for all males over 21 and some women.
Though in the next hundred years afterwards changes started to occur although some argue they were the defences of capitalism, that are tricking people to believe they are in control, the changes made seemed to bring capitalism in to a more positive light. Evolutionary socialists started to emerge who saw capitalism as workable, and reformable. They saw the introduction of things like health and safety laws, a ban on child labour and a reduction in the number of working hours a person was allowed to work as positive an steps in the right direction. To the extent by the late 1970's many of the remaining revolutionary parties in countries such as Italy and France conceded that revolution was no longer an object but instead to influence through the democratic process. Too all extent now there are very few true communist states now and all are run by dictators. It seem that revolutionary socialism has had its day and a less radical evolutionary type of socialism is now here to stay. In conclusion it has seemed that revolutionary and evolutionary socialism have varied greatly from one another in both means and ends, but they were mainly separated in time and society. It almost seemed that a slow change can be seen with development of capitalism form revolution to evolution.
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