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Examine the effectiveness of the checks and balances system of the American Government. and FPTP ESSAY

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Introduction

Examine the effectiveness of the checks and balances system of the American Government. In drafting the American constitution the Framers are believed to have incorporated some of the best features to a constitution, including the separation of powers. This concept limits the power of the American government through several means, particularly by dividing the powers of the government between three branches in government. Each branch checks the actions of the other and balances their power in some way. The Legislature (Congress) is responsible for making laws. After a law is proposed as a bill, it is sent to appropriate committees for several stages of discussion, research, and modification. It is then debated in both legislative houses, if the law is passed; it is still subject to further modification and final vote by both houses. Under the system of checks and balances, the president can refuse to sign the bill into law (through the veto power). The legislature can then vote to override the veto. Other checks and balances include legislative powers to impeach public officials, confirm appointments to the executive and judicial branches, and vote on appropriations. In 1987, the Senate rejected President Reagan's nominee, Robert Bork, for a place in the Supreme Court. ...read more.

Middle

For example, the president is given the power to make treaties with foreign countries, but those treaties must be approved by the Senate by a two-thirds majority. Congress can override the presidential veto and impeach the president; they can also reject the president's appointments. Congress also has the power to conduct investigations into the president's actions and can refuse to pass laws or provide funding that the president requires. The Judiciary can declare executive actions unconstitutional and has the power to issue warrants. These checks and balances are good; however, if Congress is mostly Republican and the President is a Democrat then not many laws can be passed effectively, causing Gridlock. Nevertheless, checks and balances prevent any one branch from accumulating too much power and encourage cooperation between branches as well as comprehensive debate on controversial policy issues. Therefore, I believe the system is effective and works. The First past the post system is used in British parliamentary elections. Each elector has a single vote, and this is cast, in single member constituencies for one candidate. The winner will be the candidate who has the most votes. There are many advantages to the FPTP system, the first and foremost being it is familiar with the electorate, it is simple to cast and count the votes and because of this there is no mass movement for change. ...read more.

Conclusion

any other candidate will be likely to be wasted and have no impact on the final result -"wasted vote syndrome", this is usually shown by falling turnout. Many politicians are elected with a minority of the votes cast, therefore constraining the mandate that they have elected as politicians. In ultra safe seats, party members effectively "select" the MP therefore giving more power to the local/national party selection panel rather than the voters themselves. This causes the difficulty that all other voters in the constituency can then make no difference to the result, since the winner of the seat is already known in advance. This results in serious feelings of disenfranchisement. The FPTP system has not proved to be good at promoting a broader political representation for women and ethnic minorities who continue to be grossly under-represented in Parliament. The FPTP system is currently the system being used in the British parliamentary system and although there are many criticisms against the systems, there have been no major problems with the way the system runs. Britain is still a democracy and has a very strong government as opposed to coalition governments that have been formed under proportional representation, as in Germany. Although the system has it flaws, it seems to be best suited to our country. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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