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Examine the first five chapters of 1984 - Discuss how Orwell explores and introduces the theme of control.

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Introduction

BY NATHAN CHANG EXAMINE THE FIRST FIVE CHAPTERS OF 1984 DISCUSS HOW ORWELL EXPLORES AND INTRODUCES THE THEME OF CONTROL In the first five chapters of the novel we see different methods of control the parties uses to create the perfect totalitarian society. This as in '1984' a book that was actually based on real life London 1948. At this point in history Orwell gathered peoples fear of Nazi Germany, Russia, China and all their controversial communistic views. Orwell used the setting of war torn London and a Stalinism rule. Stalin used the condition of the people together with making himself a Godlike figure to keep the Russian's both inspired, focussed and under control especially through propaganda. The barrage of constant Party propaganda just as Stalin did is gradually getting rid of the ability to reason and independent thought, in effect causes you to rely more on The Party and Big Brother. This to the extent that citizens believe anything that the Party tells them, even while possessing information that runs counter to what they are being told, this is doublethink. An example of this is when Winston knew that, 'Oceania was at war with Eurasia and allied with Eastasia,' this is whereas now he remembers that 'it was only four years since Oceania had been at war with Eastasia and allied with Eurasia.' ...read more.

Middle

The Party undermines family relationships by inducting children into an organisation called the Junior Spies, which brainwashes and encourages them to spy on their parents and report any instance of disloyalty to the Party. The real reason for this is the Party wish for people to have only one love and that is for Big Brother. An example of this in the book is Parson's children their detection of a spy of Goldstein's. The Party also forces individuals to suppress their sexual desires, treating sex as merely a 'duty to the party' and 'making a baby,' whose end is the creation of new Party members. The Party then channels people's pent-up frustration and emotion into intense, ferocious displays of hatred against the Party's political enemies. The Party has invented many of these enemies just for this purpose. Love is a strong emotion and by the party channelling this emotion they develop and extreme love toward the party and an extreme hatred for anything or anyone against it. The getting rid of sex and marriage based purely on recreation breaks the bond leading to physical or mental ties between them both. So to a certain extent anyone and everyone could be a spy and has the freedom to report as a thought criminal. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1984 Orwell shows us that language can be used as a method to control peoples thought and what they say. He shows us that language allows us to convey our feelings and ideas, when our words are limited, as is our ability to define our thoughts and emotions. This is how Big Brother intends to use Newspeak. Also it limits their ability to rebel, as there won't be a word to describe it. The Party is constantly perfecting Newspeak, with the ultimate goal that no one will be capable of questioning the Party's absolute power. The condition in which Winston is living in is also a form of control. Winston describes the city as being a 'grimy landscape,' and his hallway as smelling like 'boiled cabbage.' The elevators never work and necessities such as electricity and plumbing are extremely unreliable. The Party probably doesn't improve conditions as this forces the workers to want to for a better future. Therefore the citizens are always working hard and The Party is receiving maximum effort from them. Though instead of using their efforts to possibly improve rations they use it to train spies and technology. All these methods of control are to keep Big Brother in power and so that there is no one to oppose against them. So they do this to prevent anyone from remembering whether it was good in the past. ...read more.

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Response to the question

There is no doubt that this candidate answers the question with both focus and direction. They do not detract from their answer, which is common with such a broad subject. The question itself is answered with distinct sections, all of ...

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Response to the question

There is no doubt that this candidate answers the question with both focus and direction. They do not detract from their answer, which is common with such a broad subject. The question itself is answered with distinct sections, all of which provide concise and relevent ideas. For example this candidate discusses propaganda, surveillance, the environment, control of records and language amongst others. Yet, I would suggest expanding these points by combining them into broader themes as I have done above. For example this candidate discusses 'telescreens' and body language seperately, why not simply discuss surveillance? On the whole, this candidate's response is both relevent and direct.

Level of analysis

The level of analysis is adequate here, as this candidate often references specifics within the novel and uses them to support a given point. Undoubtedly they have a good understanding of the methods that the party uses in order to gain control of the majority. Furthermore, they have selected a variety of points which is always recommended in order to avoid a linear essay. However, I was often left questioning how the said method gains control, and I was hoping for greater depth and detail. For example, this candidate discusses the, oligarchic, social order by referencing the 'proles' yet does not conclude by explaining its effect. Yet, this essay does contain a fair level of analysis with a good, rounded, understanding of the subject in question.

Quality of writing

I would suggest that the quality of written communication could be improved. Most notably, I would revise certain phrases as their meaning is often ambiguous to say the least. 'Based on real life London'? Orwell's novel, although characterised by a harsh environment, is hyperbolic in nature as it emphasises the mass sufferering that a totalitarian state could bring. Equally, 'the perfect totalitarian society'? This appears oxymoronic considering the novel is a scathing critique of totalitarianism and Stalinist Russia. In essence, be careful with phrasing. However, one cannot dispute that grammar, spelling and punctuation are all fine.


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