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Explain how Peel changed the fortunes of the Conservative party 1829 - 41 Between 1829 and 1841, many changes had been made by Peel to reconstruct the Tory Party

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Explain how Peel changed the fortunes of the Conservative party 1829 - 41 Between 1829 and 1841, many changes had been made by Peel to reconstruct the Tory Party in to the Conservative Party which enabled them to win the elections in 1841 with the majority of over 70%. However many historians may argue that it may not be entirely by down to Peel but other external factors, for example the weakness and vulnerability of the Whigs causing their electoral support to diminish. I believe that it was a variation of both Peel and external factors explaining the fortunes of the conservative party. Peel had been perceived to improve the conservative party fortunes as he was able to recognise that the middle class were more important than ever in society and the party needed to embrace policies and reinforce the traditional along with embracing the new industrial society. To solve this, Peel established the Carlton club to deal with the electoral matters, it was a place to gather all Tories and consolidate what Toryism really was. This was seen as a strength as the Whigs did not realise this and lost out on many of the middle class electorates. ...read more.


but some may say that the Tory electorate did not widen to include the middle class as the statistics show that the most gain of votes were in the traditional Tory areas. The transformation also brought the before broken party back together, the ultras were firmly behind Peel and so disappeared as a separate group. Therefore leading to victory in the 1841 elections and were able to secure a majority of 76 seats. However, the defeat of the Whigs was not primarily due to the revival of the Conservative Party which had taken place under Robert Peel but is also because of the externals like the weakness of the Whigs. One of the reasons behind the Whigs defeat was due to them being a party of reform and reaction. For example when the agricultural depression took place in 1830, the Swing disturbances were taking place throughout southern England led to severe legislations to punish them. This was also the case with many of the radical, working class people who were not satisfied with the reforms, like the Factory Act of 1833 which was optional and not imposed on therefore there were widespread demands for parliamentary reform. ...read more.


the tax on churches and promising grants to Irish education. This was also the case with the close relation between Melbourne and Victoria which led to the 'Bedchamber crisis', when Melbourne decided to resign due to the majority being reduce however the queen refused to change any of the ladies of her bedchamber, who were all Whigs. This gave the Whigs two more years in power, this showed the failure of the Whigs and the only reason to an extra two years was due to the queen which resulted in the revival of the Chartists movement and hardship for the working class. This also allowed Peel to use this time to build up his control of the part and widen the electoral appeal. Therefore in conclusion, the reason behind the conservative victory was not primarily due to the weakness of the Whigs but a combination of the strength of the Conservatives and the vulnerability of the Whigs. I believe the main reason to this conclusion is due to the fact that where ever the Whigs showed weakness, Peel had used this to his advantage for example, the bedchamber crisis where Peel had used this time constructively to reconstruct his party and gaining victory in 1841. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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