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Explain the significance of the New Hampshire Primary and the Iowa Caucus in the presidential nomination process. The national party conventions no longer serve any significant purpose. Discuss.

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Introduction

A. Explain the significance of the New Hampshire Primary and the Iowa Caucus in the presidential nomination process. New Hampshire state law stays that the New Hampshire Primary is to be the first Primary in the nations, a tradition since the early 1920s. In an attempt to do this, the date has been moved back and back from the 2nd Tuesday in March in the 1950s, to the 2nd Tuesday in January in the 2008 election period. This trend is shifted in accordance with the changing dates of primaries in other states. Before Carter brought the Iowa Caucus to national 'limelight' in 1976, the New Hampshire primary was the first proper indication of which candidate would receive a party nomination. The people of New Hampshire strongly defend their Primary as being the 'real deal', with Governor John Sununu saying in 1988 that "the people of Iowa pick corn, the people of New Hampshire pick presidents". Since this, it has been generally accepted that the New Hampshire primary is an early gauge of national sentiment towards the candidates for nomination. The primary has the advantage of determining the number of votes each candidate receives, rather than in a Caucus, which measures support through precinct delegates. ...read more.

Middle

Many point to the media as the true creator of the prominent political role that Iowa enjoys. Since 1972, where McGoven received a better than expected result in the Iowa Caucus, the media have kept a close eye on the Iowa Caucuses. Iowa's status as the first presidential test in the nation is constantly under attack. In 2003, the District of Columbia lobbied unsuccessfully to be allowed to move its primary before Iowa's caucus. In the 2008 election, states have shuffled their primary schedules, all in order to attract more attention to their state. And a group of 40 states met in Washington, D.C., in February 2007 to discuss a rotating primary schedule to begin in 2012, so states can share the importance of being the first in the presidential nominating process. As long as Iowa is able to hang onto its status as first in the nation, it appears that it will keep its prominent place in the nation's political climate. B. The national party conventions no longer serve any significant purpose. Discuss. An important function of the party conventions is to deicde upon a party platform. ...read more.

Conclusion

Compared to the UK, the party convention is much grander than in the UK, and it is more formal as they have specific tasks to perform, such as elect the candidate. While this is the tradition roll of the Labour Party Conference, it is, in practice, no longer so. Party conferences in the UK are an annual things, comapared to every 4 years in America, and in the UK, they serve more as a ceremonial address to the party to keep thinks ticking over. To conclude, the current party conventions are little more than a scripted, choreographed, sanitised convention for the masses. They are almost completely devoid of political content, debate or indeed anything else of importance. They simply exist to serve as a fa´┐Żade to the people of America, to showcase to the world how devoted and comitted they are. Sadly, the people of America see this entire baboon exhibition as a real factor to consider when voting. In the reality, a party with a poor convention, has poor electoral success, as seen by the 1992 Republican convention - Buchanan's speech was seen to be abrasive and went a long way to assiting in the defeat of the party at the ballot. ...read more.

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