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Explain three key functions of the Prime Minister.

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Introduction

Explain three key functions of the Prime Minister. The Cabinet and the post of Prime Minister date back to their introduction in 1721. However, at that stage, the Cabinet did not exist in its present form. Nowadays, the Prime Minister's power is akin to that of a President. The Prime Minister's post has many functions and purposes - after all, he is Head of State and Head of Government. In this essay, I aim to explore three functions of the Prime Minister. One of the major functions of the Prime Minister concerns appointments and dismissals. The Prime Minister has the power to appoint all Ministers, and subsequently promotes, demotes and dismisses them, allowing the PM the power to decide who does what in Cabinet. ...read more.

Middle

For example, Tony Blair, current leader of the Labour Party, has increased spending for the NHS, reduced tax burdens on families, increased those gaining from the minimum wage to 1.5 million, created 1 million more jobs, and significantly reduced inflation & income tax. However, the extent of control of government policy depends upon which party he leads, and of his own political command of that party. For example, the leader of the Conservative Party has a great deal more freedom of choice over policy than his Labour counterpart. Besides, any leader has significant constraints on policy development - from the party, MPs and Cabinet (in the 1990s, John Major faced much dissent from so-called 'Euro Rebels', including John Redwood, who opposed Major's policy of European integration). ...read more.

Conclusion

However, many people have argued that 'PM's Questions' is a waste of time - most MPs would prefer to spend their day in committee meetings, and in a survey stated that the most effective means of getting answers was written Parliamentary questions followed by Commons statements by ministers. The Prime Minister is also heavily involved in his annual party conference, where he discusses his aims and policies. However, this year the conference has come under criticism by the press who believe that Tony Blair avoided controversial topics such as the Hutton Enquiry and prevented extreme dissenters from gaining entry to the main conference arena. Yet, despite the PM's avoidance of some issues, he is still a mouthpiece for his party. In conclusion, the Prime Minister carries out a number of key functions, including the appointment of government ministers. He/she is also the chief policy maker and the chief government spokesperson. Darren Anderson. 13PD. ...read more.

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