• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain three key functions of the Prime Minister.

Extracts from this document...


Explain three key functions of the Prime Minister. The Cabinet and the post of Prime Minister date back to their introduction in 1721. However, at that stage, the Cabinet did not exist in its present form. Nowadays, the Prime Minister's power is akin to that of a President. The Prime Minister's post has many functions and purposes - after all, he is Head of State and Head of Government. In this essay, I aim to explore three functions of the Prime Minister. One of the major functions of the Prime Minister concerns appointments and dismissals. The Prime Minister has the power to appoint all Ministers, and subsequently promotes, demotes and dismisses them, allowing the PM the power to decide who does what in Cabinet. ...read more.


For example, Tony Blair, current leader of the Labour Party, has increased spending for the NHS, reduced tax burdens on families, increased those gaining from the minimum wage to 1.5 million, created 1 million more jobs, and significantly reduced inflation & income tax. However, the extent of control of government policy depends upon which party he leads, and of his own political command of that party. For example, the leader of the Conservative Party has a great deal more freedom of choice over policy than his Labour counterpart. Besides, any leader has significant constraints on policy development - from the party, MPs and Cabinet (in the 1990s, John Major faced much dissent from so-called 'Euro Rebels', including John Redwood, who opposed Major's policy of European integration). ...read more.


However, many people have argued that 'PM's Questions' is a waste of time - most MPs would prefer to spend their day in committee meetings, and in a survey stated that the most effective means of getting answers was written Parliamentary questions followed by Commons statements by ministers. The Prime Minister is also heavily involved in his annual party conference, where he discusses his aims and policies. However, this year the conference has come under criticism by the press who believe that Tony Blair avoided controversial topics such as the Hutton Enquiry and prevented extreme dissenters from gaining entry to the main conference arena. Yet, despite the PM's avoidance of some issues, he is still a mouthpiece for his party. In conclusion, the Prime Minister carries out a number of key functions, including the appointment of government ministers. He/she is also the chief policy maker and the chief government spokesperson. Darren Anderson. 13PD. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. Comparison of the US President and British Prime Minister.

    in the realm of foreign and international matters, in which he faces little challenge from Congress. Much of this prominence is derived from his status as the 'Nation's Leader' and the unifying force in a dispersed political system. It is therefore difficult to assess which office is more powerful, but

  2. Unit 1 - Example of Evaluations

    background colour to make my questionnaire more attractive to the people who will be completing it. I also struggled with the table and getting it to a satisfactory standard of colour and design. How well does it meet its purpose I believe it meets its purpose quite well; it follows my house style and incorporates the record labels logo.

  1. "To what extent have west European prime ministers full control of their cabinets? Discuss ...

    that are constitutionally vested in the monarch and which can be exercised without the approval of parliament. As well as being Head of Government, a prime minister may have other roles or titles-the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, for example, is also First Lord of the Treasury.

  2. How effective are the constraints on the Prime Minister?

    The need to keep the cabinet balanced and to adjust its composition in the light of changing circumstances is illustrated by the cabinet reshuffle forced upon Margaret Thatcher in 1989. Nigel Lawson, the Chancellor of the Exchequer had resigned following conflicts with the Prime Minister over economic policy and the role of her economics special advisor Alan Walters.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work