• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain two powers of the Prime Minister

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Explain two powers of the Prime Minister [10] As the head of the executive, the Prime Minister David Cameron has several powers. Most of these are Royal Prerogative, powers formally held by royalty but in reality are exercised by the PM. One of these powers is the power of patronage. The Prime Minister ultimately decides who gets what at all levels of government. He appoints all ministers and subsequently promotes, demotes and dismisses. The PM can choose members of the Cabinet and other, more junior, ministers; party whips and other party functionaries; senior civil servants and a range of other state officials. He also appoints chief members of the Committees through the use of a chief whip who can decide on suitable members and reward loyalty. ...read more.


Other aspects of patronage include giving knighthoods and peerages. Peers should be appointed to the House of Lords on basis of merit due to their service to the community. For example, Lord Sugar was appointed because of his service to business. A second power he has is foreign policy; he can declare war on another country as well as annex territories. Examples include the Falklands War 1982 when Thatcher took the country to war with Argentina when they invaded the British Falkland Islands. She took all decisions with her inner war cabinet and she was in charge of the armed forces and all funds necessary. There was no vote required in the Commons. ...read more.


He called a vote anyway and told the commons that he would sign it regardless of the vote. The government won by threatening to resign and the conservative MPs voted with the PM rather than face their electorate. Queen theoretically could have intervened if he had lost the vote and signed the Treaty. Blair called a vote on the war in Iraq in 2003. It had not been done before. He has perhaps now set a precedent on a PM taking the country to war in the future. John Major has perhaps also set a precedent on Treaties that have huge consequences for the country. Although Prerogative Powers exist you would be foolish not to consult Parliament because if there is an error you could lose your job as Eden did with the Suez crisis in 1953. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. During this project, I hope to test out my hypothesis that the BBC War ...

    of the war is easily transmitted across the globe and media, therefore may act as an aid to the enemy and their allies, out of the MoD's control. This point demonstrates that in particular situations, considering other law developments (anti terrorism legislations, Official Secrets Act (Welsh, Greenwood & Banks, p.370));

  2. The Prime Ministers Powers Of Patronage

    This gives the prime minister a crucial advantage over colleagues in the cabinet. In theory, prime ministers can create a cabinet in their own image, rewarding supporters and penalising disloyal MPs. Following the 2005 general election, Tony Blair made changes to his ministerial team, such as moving Geoff Hoon from

  1. Make a list of the major functions and powers of the Prime Minister.

    The other functions of the PM, as the leader of the government, are numerous and hence there are plenty of supporting offices and civil servants who will lighten the load for the PM. As head of the executive the prime minister is in charge of these governing agencies and is answerable to all of their decisions.

  2. Discuss the powers and constraints on the power of the Prime Minister

    Tony Blair was fortunate between 1997 and 2005 with two large majorities. This was an important factor in his success, and his ability and his government?s ability to get programs passed in parliament. However, it is arguable that because his majority was so huge, some dissidents on the backbench were

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work