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Fascism Can Largely Be Defined By What It Opposes. Discuss.

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  • Essay length: 805 words
  • Submitted: 11/01/2012
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AS and A Level Political Philosophy

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Fascism Can Largely Be Defined By What It Opposes, Discuss. (30 Marks)

Fascism is a system of government marked by centralisation of authority under a dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls, suppression of the opposition through terror and censorship, and typically a policy of belligerent nationalism and racialism. Whilst fascism is by no means apparent in the same extent as it was decades ago, there are still elements of fascism within today's society.

In many ways, yes, fascism can be defined by exactly what it opposes. Fascist's are opposed to that of equality which is seen as a very Liberal idea, it's all about being equal in rights and opportunities. Everybody is entitled to that of free healthcare and education and nobody is subject to discrimination. On the contrast, fascists are for the cycle of elites, an idea that Vilfredo Pareto very much felt true. They believe that people are inferior and have different abilities and some people will rise up and lead countries. Friedrich Nietzsche had the idea of an ideal superior man of the future who could rise above conventional Christian morality to create and impose his own values.

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