• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Federalism: a form of world government.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

FEDERALISM: A FORM OF WORLD GOVERNMENT Federalism denotes a form of decentralised government where legally at least the component parts of the federation (states, provinces, L´┐Żnder or cantons) have statehood of their own and often have historically existed prior to the federation. The central body is frequently called the federal government. The precise allocation of responsibilities and powers varies infinitely. The USA, Canada, Australia, Germany and Switzerland are examples of federal arrangements. The UK is not a federation although every so often proposals are made for varying degrees of devolution that might inevitably lead to a federal arrangement. The European Union is not a federation because the Union institutions are supreme in the restricted fields over which the Member States irrevocably granted them jurisdiction, making the EU a supranational body. The European Court of Justice decides points of Community Law applicable in all the member states. In modern times however, there has been discussion amongst observers of the prospect that constant enlargement may well mean that a federal arrangement would be required to cope with the diversity of views and cultures at national level. The birth of the federal state coincides with the foundation, in 1787 of the American Federation. ...read more.

Middle

Within the system is what is called checks and balances. Each branch of the government has the power to inspect and impose limits to the other. This ensures that no branch ever gains too much power. The national government and the state governments co-exist. Therefore, we always have to watch whether some power being asserted by the federal government is in fact allowed under the Constitution and we must also watch whether some power asserted by the states is limited in favour of federal power. Federal government has limited powers. The three federal branches can only exercise powers specifically granted to them by the United States Constitution. The doctrine of parliamentary supremacy found in the UK is wholly inconsistent with a federal form of government, such as that which exists in the United States. In a federal system the authority of the central legislature is limited by that possessed by the legislative organs of the governmental units which make up the federation. However, despite this basic difference between the American and English constitutional systems, we cannot obtain a clear picture of the functioning of federalism in the US since not all federal governmental systems are alike. ...read more.

Conclusion

This explains why in all the world integration processes are under way. Europe is the continent where this process is most advanced. The European Federation will represent the first example in history of the overcoming of the national dimension of the state, and constitutes a unification model for all the regions of the world.4 World federalists recognize that many of the most serious problems facing humanity are beyond the capacity of nations to resolve on their own or by mere coalitions of power between states. A stronger form of unity is needed. Federalism. The question whether federalism is unrealistic can be best be answered in the words of Monet. Bismarck described politics as the art of the possible. Jean Monet a century later updated this notion. Politics he said is the art of making possible what is necessary. POINTS CITED: 1.www.lls.edu.com 2. Collin's Dictionary of Law 2ND Edition 3. Dicey's, Law of the Constitution 4. Jenna Bednar's, Federalism, Judicial Independence and the Power of Precedent [YUN1] KLEOPA VALENTINA 1 Conrad C. The federal government and us 1989 2 Eisenhardt History of Law 3rd Edition 1999 3 www.wfm.com. Cited from the site of world federalists movement 4 Prof. Helmut Kohler, Burgerliches Gesetz, 20th Edition (Translated) [YUN1]WORDS: 1.178 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United States section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United States essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Outline how and why federalism has changed since the 1960s.

    5 star(s)

    Clinton was also lucky in that he was President during an economic boom which led to a dramatic increase in tax revenues for the states and less reliance on federal handouts. Bush Jnr also an extremely conservative republican and former governor wanted more influence for the states and a lesser role for the federal government.

  2. How and Why has federalism changes sice the 1960s

    a bridge connecting a small town to it's local airport in Alaska replacing a 7 minute ferry route. Also with the 'spending habit' of the federal government, there were many arguments that stated that the federal government were interfering to much with the education which is seen as the responsibility of the states.

  1. Indian independence

    Gandhi demanded for an immediate independence. He threatened a mass non- violent action if his demands are not met. He ordered the British to leave India immediately except for the armed forces that's fighting against the Japanese could stay. This was known as the 'Quit Indian Campaign'.

  2. The Political System of the USA

    Vice-president presides over the Senate and conducts debates. The Senate is stable and more conservative than the House of Representatives and many Senators are more experienced politicians. The House of representatives has 450 members. The number of Representatives depends on the population of each state. A Representative must be at least 25 years age, a US citizen for

  1. Was the Weimar constitution a model of democracy or was it providing a blue ...

    On 11 February the assembly elected Ebert president. At the same time an SPD Democratic Party coalition government was formed with the socialist Scheidemann as its head chancellor. The assembly approved the Weimar constitution on 31 July 1919.

  2. Is the USA still a federal state?

    Consider the Lopez verses United States case in 1995 whereby the Gun Free Zones Act was struck down and the federal government use of the commerce clause was limited for the first time since the New Deal.

  1. Assess the view that the US Constitution often ensures limited government

    Whilst the separation of powers stops any one branch from exercising any powers it likes, it is the checks and balances that ensure all three branches have equal power. Each branch has the power to limit another branch of government.

  2. The Separation of Church and State in America.

    This blatant discrimination is an ideal example of the lack of secularism in america. A perfectly secular school would have allowed Nashala to wear her religious garment, as oppose to the bias they showed by forcing her to take it off.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work