• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Freedom of movement objectives.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Freedom of movement objectives Freedom of movement for persons and the abolition of controls at internal frontiers form part of a wider concept, that of the internal market in which it is not possible for internal frontiers to exist or for individuals to be hampered in their movements. The concept of the free movement of persons has changed in meaning since its inception. The first provisions on the subject referred merely to the free movement individuals considered as economic agents, either as employees or providers of services. The original economic concept has gradually widened to take on a more general meaning connected with the idea of Union citizenship, independent of any economic activity or distinctions of nationality. This also applies to nationals of third countries, because after controls were abolished at internal borders people could obviously no longer be checked for nationality. ...read more.

Middle

The Maastricht treaty amended the treaty of Rome and the single European Act and introduced new powers and policy areas. Major aspects of EC policies were not changed at all by the new treaty e.g. the common agricultural policy. The treaty went into effect on 1 November 1993.The European Economic Community- renamed the 'European Community' under the Treaty of Maastricht-takes a broader approach than the other two Communities. Its task was to mould the Member States into a single Community embracing every sector of the economy. It covered key areas such the free movement of goods and workers, freedom of establishment and the freedom to provide services, the free movement of capital and payments, competition policy, economic and monetary policy, agricultural policy, transport policy, environmental policy, research and technology and industrial policy. ...read more.

Conclusion

The countries concerned in the enlargement are Bulgaria, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Malta, Lithuania, Poland, the Czech republic, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia and Turkey. Although the negotiations began in March 1998 the enlargement will take place in stages and it is possible the first new Member States may join as soon as 2003. To become a member each country must comply with the rules laid down by the Copenhagen council in 1993. Nice A most recent Intergovernmental Conference opened in February 2000 and completed its work in Nice December 2000. The UK and Ireland were not part of the "Schengen" agreement. Since it has integrated into the treaty, both countries can opt in, wholly or in part. Amsterdam confirmed that the UK and Ireland would not be forced to participate in any measures in the field of visa, asylum and immigration policy and free movement of persons. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. The Importance of the Cyprus Issue in terms of the Accomplishment of the ESDP

    Cypriots by prohibiting the entry of their goods into the European market. Still, however, what is more important than the economic development for the Turkish Cypriots is the provision of political and societal security, and, they see the Turkish troops in the island as the only means to provide this.

  2. Common Agricultural Policy

    Inflated food prices in EU CAP price intervention causes artificially high food prices throughout the EU. Some have suggested that Europeans pay about 25% higher prices for food than they would without the CAP, whereas the Timbro research institute has counted figures reaching over 80%[1].

  1. Regulation 2560/2001 on cross-border payments in Europe.

    In short, the handling of cross-border money transfers is inefficient and thus costly. Moreover, the relative unimportance of cross-border payments do not justify high investment costs. The second argument in Mr. Arnold's speech is the incompatibility of the processing systems in the various euro area countries.

  2. Analyse the changes to European Union's institutions introduced by the Treaty of Nice

    On the reweighing of votes, the current system which would have reduced the share of the six largest states from 55% to 42% in a Union of 27 was amended to give the large states just under 50%. This figure was nevertheless significantly lower than the 55% that the French

  1. "What is the importance of the concept of citizenship in the development of EC ...

    whether they have citizenship or not, the transfer of citizen rights to other members of the household is automatic except for in the sphere of employment, though there are plans to make it so that partners of people with citizenship should have full entitlement.

  2. This report encompasses six aspects of organizational behavior, that is team building, communication, culture, ...

    You will be a better person. 1.4 Develop Discipline A team that works together for a while will develop norms- everything from ways dressing to ways of interacting and members will behave according to these norms. Our team must put in the commitment and time to organize our meetings.

  1. Austria - An economic and political overview.

    Unlike in Germany, in Austria there has never been an open condemnation of people who supported Nazi beliefs. Especially in politics in post-war years there were still people who held right-.extremist and German-superiority views. Especially the FPO has been supported by people who held Nazi beliefs and during the 1980's

  2. The Institution of the European Union and Theories.

    Single currency has helped Boots as foreign suppliers are willing to trade as no extra costs but UK not being a member Boots in UK is making less profits as from the one in the Single currency states.12 members have adopted the single currency and by doing are paying less costs and increases in profits.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work