• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How and why did the US electorate become polarised into the red and blue nation we had by 2012? (45 marks)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How and why did the US electorate become polarised into the ?red? and ?blue? nation we had by 2012? (45 marks) In the run up to the 2012 Presidential Election it became evident that both the Democratic and Republican party were fleeing from the political middle and becoming more left and right wing respectively. The two parties have become characteristically split over issues such as civil rights and cultural issues such as abortion, homosexual rights and school prayer. So why has this departure from central ground occurred and why do most of the US electorate have a partisan alignment? During Barack Obama?s first term as president the US economy fell into significant decline with gross domestic product shrinking 3.9 percent in 2009, indicating the worst slump since the Great Depression. ...read more.

Middle

Secondly, the two parties have become idealistically separated amongst the American class, race and gender. Many pundits would argue that the real reason Obama won the election was due to Romney?s flaws. The Republican capitalist approach has fueled the rise of radical conservatism, which in turn has intimidated moderate Republicans into taking more extreme social and political positions. In the process, the Republicans have alienated women, blacks, Hispanics and other minority voters. This is illustrated by Romney?s dedication to build a wall to stop Mexican immigration. For this reason and the policies Democrats pursue fiscally redistributing wealth from the rich to the poor, makes Democrats the obvious choice for minorities. ...read more.

Conclusion

In October 2012 Obama?s approval rating was 49 percent and his disapproval rating was 49 percent. In addition, the Electoral College system used in the election of the US president disfavours third parties who do not receive a majority in a state despite their nationwide support, revealing a distorted result on Election Day. This was revealed in 1992 when Ross Perot gained 19.2% of the popular vote but not a single Electoral College seat. In conclusion, the lack of a powerful third party and the differing ideologies between the two parties has led to a nationwide social divide on the basis of their contrasting views on the economy, environment and social issues such as abortion. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United States section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United States essays

  1. Canada: Becoming A Nation.

    As Canada was a British colony and had never before signed a treaty with another foreign nation. But eventually they accepted and Canada was given two seats at the Peace Conference.

  2. 'Few individuals significantly alter the course of history. Fewer still modify the map of ...

    Jinnah earned the respect of various political leaders at the Lucknow Pact as he stressed for the unity of both parties for the greater cause of Indian nationalism. Jinnah's role as a negotiator between the Muslim League and the Congress, the success of the Lucknow Pact as a bridge between

  1. This paper aims to examine Mabini's political stance for the Filipino Nation.

    Undoubtedly, the answer is: No. "A good, just and honest government is needed for such a radical change. A certain number of local positions in the towns may be entrusted to the natives...However, the main government should be composed of Americans, not natives."

  2. Year 2000, Why An Electoral College?

    Eldridge Gerry feared the "ignorance of the people," arguing that they were "too little informed of personal characters in large districts, and liable of deceptions" to act directly. George Mason believed it " as unnatural to refer the choice of a proper character for chief Magistrate to the people, as

  1. Regulation of Solar Panel Production

    E. R. C. v. Mississippi 102 S.Ct. 2126 U.S.Miss.,1982. Decided June 1, 1982 This case is important because it implicity states that Congress did not exceed its scope of commerce clause powers in enacting Titles I and III and section 210 of Title II of Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act.

  2. Discuss the view that the Electoral College should be reformed.

    Although this is not a perfect outcome, it is clear that in general the system appears to work for America. Although major change seems unlikely in the near future, there are possible reform emerging and becoming more popular within the US.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work