• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the village of Dier Yassin come to be fought over in 1948, and why do sources A and B differ on who was to blame for the Arab flight from the village and other pars of Palestine at the time?

Extracts from this document...


How did the village of Dier Yassin come to be fought over in 1948, and why do sources A and B differ on who was to blame for the Arab flight from the village and other pars of Palestine at the time? Dier Yassin is a village inside the British mandate of Palestine. In 1948, at the time of the Israeli war of independence, from the 9-11 of April Dier Yassin was attacked. Over 100 Arabs were killed on the Haganna and Stern Gang war path between Jaffa and Jerusalem. This was a turning point in the Arab Israeli conflict and some claim that it started the Palestinian refugee crisis. This attack, however, was a small part of a bigger conflict in which the Arab contingent started war on the newly created Israel. The conflictarose from decades of old competing nationalists and as a result of this the Israelis launched operation Dalet on the 4th of April. Using Haganna and other militant groups their aim was to clear a road from Jaffa to Jerusalem and to split the Arab state into two and capture Jerusalem before the UN partition came into effect. This action was a result of a UN proposal formed after the refugee crisis as a result of World War One. The UNSCOP partition split the country in to two states: Israel and Palestine and put Jerusalem under UN control. This created tension on both sides. Firstly the Arabs had less land even though they had two thirds more people. ...read more.


The speaker, Mrs Golda Meir [Israel's foreign minister] is trying to shift the blame to the Arabs. The source says that the Jews were not responsible: The "responsibility", the speaker claims, "must lie" with the Arab leaders who told their people to leave so they could attack. She also says that the refugee crisis is not the result of an isolated case as refugees are a normal consequence of war. She firmly puts the blame on the Arab armies who she claims "invaded" the state of Israel. She is careful to talk about "hundreds of thousands of Palestinian Arabs" who were the victims of these invasions. Obviously she does not accept that Israel did anything illegal to cause the refugee problem. In her statement she makes it clear that she does not accept that the attack was a terror attack sanctioned by the Israeli leaders, as stated in Source A. The attack, she claims, was not part of an Israeli plan to force people out of the home but was a random attack by non-authorized militant "Jewish dissidents". The language the speaker uses is superficially less decorative and emotional. Infact she seems to be trying to create the impression that she is unbiased, using phrases like "historically incorrect" and attempts to reduce the horror of the event by words such as "incident". Any emotional language is saved to describe the Arab armies who carried out "aggression against Israel. This author might be trying to shift the blame for the refugee problem because who ever caused the problem would have to fix it by looking after the refugees, feed, cloth and house them, which would stretch already stretched resources. ...read more.


They claim that the attack was organised by Jewish dissidents and was not sanctioned by the Israeli government in any way shape or form. Again they try to shift the blame by claiming the Arabs started the war and refugee crisis. They claim that the Arabs started a civil war that initiated the refugee crisis. Then increasing it by telling the Arabs to leave so they could attack Jewish settlements. This lead to a major refugee crisis and one of the main reasons for the conflict in the Middle East. Another point the made is that refugees are a normal consequence of war and this is not a special case Both sources are partisan sources. They are one sided and are both trying to create opinion. The fact is they are both different interpretations from different sides about the same event and have to be corroborated to be useful. However we can extract facts from the heavily decorated and partisan wording to cross reference with other sources. Both also have issues of reliability. Source A: Partisan language leads to heavily loaded source, its wrote by Arabs and clearly is trying to create opinion, its part of a propaganda leaflet, its secondary so has had more time for a myth to be created and its designed to shift blame to the Israelis. Source B: Is also secondary and is a speech designed to shift blame to the Arabs for the refugee crisis. Moreover we need to corroborate these sources to find an accurate picture of what happened. We can't judge such a big thing with to Partisan sources. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Explain why the UNO decided to partition Palestine in 1948?

    The Arabs' argument was that they had been living in Palestine much longer than the Jews, and that land had been passed down from generations of Arabs. Therefore they thought it was unfair that they should give their land over to the Jews.

  2. Terrorism. What is terrorism? 2. Why do terrorists ...

    On the 11th of September 2001 the largest attack on American soil took place since Pearl Harbour. The targets were the economic and military buildings of the US. Terrorists hijacked 4 American planes and crashed two of them into the World Trade Centre, one into the Pentagon and another into a field.

  1. What happened to the Palestinians as a consequence of the 1948 War? Now internationally ...

    The British Army entered Jerusalem five weeks after the Balfour Declaration and it was confirmed by the peace treaties that Britain had control over Palestine. Now under British rule more and more Jews immigrated to Palestine, between 1919 - 1923 20,000 Jews entered Palestine.

  2. History Coursework: The Arab-Israeli Conflict

    The source is probably reliable as it has come from a history book. Source D is a quote from a 17-year-old Palestinian speaking to a British journalist. The first thing he states is, "We are not terrorists." This immediately makes the source biased as he is a Palestinian.

  1. Book Review: Seeds of Terror

    Now Philippines, Indonesia, and neighboring countries had blossomed into one of al-Qaeda's most important centers. What makes Southeast Asia such fertile ground for al-Qaeda is its large Muslim population within a political landscape that is much more open and fractured than the Arab Middle East.

  2. History-Arab/Israeli conflict section B

    Source B5 is an extract from 'Conflict in the Promised Land' by Bill Mandle, this is useful in giving us information about the persecution of the Jews and the growth of Zionism. Bill Mandle wrote, " This was of the utmost consequence for in 1933, Hitler, an avowed anti-Semite, came

  1. To what Extent do the main causes of the conflict date back only to ...

    Jews were given about half of the country and the Arabs were given the West bank, The Gaza Strip and bits of land to the north and South side of Israel.

  2. Armed Islamic Group [ Gia ]

    "The units of sabotage and destruction bombed and destroyed a major gypsum plant 20 km to the south of Wahran." Death cult: Issue no. 94 of Al-Ansar documents the ideas of some sheikhs who back the GIA. These sheikhs try to justify the satanic murders of women and children, using Islam and the wholy Qur'an as an ideological base.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work