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How does a Parliamentary system differ from a Presidential system?

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Introduction

´╗┐How does a Parliamentary system differ from a Presidential system? There are many differences between a parliamentary government and a presidential system of government. The biggest difference is the principle of separation of powers; in a parliamentary system, the executive (the PM and/or the cabinet) is usually drawn from the legislature and/or is dependant on the legislature for its mandate (the legislature must have "confidence" in the government). In a presidential system the executive (the president and the cabinet) are totally separate from the legislature and are not dependant on the legislature for confidence. Many forms of government are used by countries around the world, and very few governments are completely alike, even if they use the same type of system. ...read more.

Middle

who usually has ceremonial but important functions; some of these functions include: dissolving the legislature, calling new elections (usually on the advice of the Head of government), appointing someone to form a government (Head of Government), bestow honors, and is usually the Commander In Chief of the Armed Forces. In a Presidential System, the President fulfills both roles (Head of State and Head of Government). In a Parliamentary System, theoretically, an election can be called at any time but there is usually a maximum time that a legislature can sit (4 or 5 years). If the government loses the confidence of the legislature (if 50% +1 of the legislature votes against an important bill like the budget or if there is a motion of no confidence and 50%+1 vote against the government) ...read more.

Conclusion

A country that has both a prime minister and a president is sometimes said to have a semi-presidential system of government, although it is more closely related to a parliamentary system because of the power held by the legislature and prime minister in such a system In a presidential system, the president is the head of government and the head of state. As the head of government, he or she oversees the operations of the government and fulfills certain duties, such as appointing officials and advisers to help run the government, signing or vetoing laws passed by the legislature and establishing an annual budget. A president's duties as head of state include tasks such as making speeches, representing the country at public events, hosting or visiting diplomats from other countries, and presenting prestigious national awards. ...read more.

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