• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Far Can the Weimar Constitution be Described as Creating an "Effective" Democracy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How Stable Were the Politics of Weimar Germany 1924 - 1929? The problems of 1919-1923 had gone with the aid of American loans. Weimar quickly found its economic feet for the first time in its history. In 1928 Germany had returned to pre-1914 industrial figures. An expanding job market, confidence restored in foreign investors and house & factory building were all indications of Germany getting its old strength back, and generally becoming more stable. Minority political parties were quiet during this time. People were content with the way Germany was being run, so why turn to extremist parties? In fact the "Golden Age," of Weimar seemed to indicate that extremist parties only flourish in extreme circumstances. With similarities to the apparent stability of the Weimar economy at this time, the political situation seemed stable enough, but deeper probing can deeply show the illusory factors of this argument. Weimar politics at this time can be shown to support the argument for stability. From 1924, there were no long any attempts at a coup to overthrow the Republic like the Kapp Putsch (1920,) the Munich Putsch (1923,) and the Spartacist uprising (1919.) The electoral parties on the left and right, that were hostile to the Republic, seemed to be in political decline, as shown by comparing the Reichstag election results of May 1924, to May 1928, when the right wing DNVP declined from 95 to 73 seats, the Nazi party declined from 32 to 12 seats, and the communist KPD declined from 62 seats to 54. ...read more.

Middle

Thus the only real alternatives were a coalition from the moderate left to the moderate right consisting of SPD, DDP, Centre & DVP; or a coalition comprising the centre to the right, being the same as the previous coalition with the moderate left SPD replaced with the right wing DNVP. The moderate coalition worked together with foreign policy issues, tending to agree on a general direction going along with Stresemann's policy of d�tente. However they were divided over internal issues. The right-wing/centre coalition worked together terribly with regard to foreign policies, since the DNVP were in essence completely against d�tente in Europe, meaning that individual treaties had to be passed through with a Reichstag majority, as the majority coalition were completely disunited in this regard. Ironically this went against the DNVP's nature of authoritarianism, and so any foreign policy passed through with a majority from the Reichstag would have been very controversial; not the key to stable politics. Detlev Peukert, the left wing German historian, puts it in terms of there being "something unnatural about these political permutations, since deep regional & ideological tensions, ahd to be glossed over for the sake of making the parliamentary arithmetic come out right." There was no meeting of minds on political goals just, no enagement in debate between the left and right, just two brick walls pushing against each other, trying to achieve individual goals. ...read more.

Conclusion

At the end of the day, although things seemed stable on the surface, during this period the scene was being set for the political horrors of the 30's the domino effect had been started. Indication of this is the fact that over this period no chancellor could hold a government for over two years. Marx and Luther seemed to be continually interchanging as chancellor, heavilly indicating a sort of general political stalemate, with each one trying, failing, and then being replaced with the next. No party had a clear majority like the SPD, the biggest party by far, had anything near a majority, making a coalition the only option, so in this unstable period, for years there was a coalition which the biggest party was not actually in power. There were no charismatic characters, or democratic periods, like Hitler for the Nazis, to encourage an increase in democratic activity, and political debate was non-existant. Politics was incredibly unstable, which only really had significant implications that effected the people in a major way, when the (lack of) political stability caused Hitlers rise to and consolidation of power in 1933. In conclusion whilst it seemed stable, like the economy, Weimar politics was being set up for the horrors of the 30's. ?? ?? ?? ?? How Stable Were the Politics of Weimar Germany 1924 - 1929? Clive Freedman Page 4 of 4 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. "The US Constitution is entrenched and rigid; the UK has no Constitution worthy of ...

    Few attempted amendments have made it through the process successfully. One that did make it through was the 1971 amendment that allowed the voting age to be lowered to 18. In the UK however, Constitutional amendments are passed in the same way as any other proposed piece of legislation.

  2. Russia's Political Party System as an Obstacle to Democratization

    The first was that, despite having held the first post-Soviet era election, the party system was actually weakened. This is not to deny the fact that in the crucible of the 1993 election, many of the insignificant parties failed to survive or that there were only six "effective" parliamentary parties

  1. Stages to Germany from 1918 to 1919

    On 31 October the worst of troubles yet to come began. There was a lot of trouble at the naval bases of Kiel and Wilhelmshaven when sailors refused to obey an order to sail out to salvage German honour in a final battle.

  2. Indonesia: Transition and Prospects for Democracy

    Nevertheless, in 2004, Indonesia voted for their president, vice-president and parliament in "free and fair" direct elections for the first time, becoming a "presidential democracy" (Liddle & Mujani, 2006). In the name of greater public participation, direct elections for regional leaders nationwide took place in 2005.

  1. How Far Can the Weimar Constitution be Described as Creating an "Effective" Democracy

    So even extremists could be represented, and thus extremists are given a say in the running of the country albeit limited to the size of the extremists. Democracy is rule by the people, which the Weimar Constitution included extremists within.

  2. Marxism Can Only Be Appreciated Retrospectively

    also by providing subsidies to the business's owned by the capitalists (what Marx called capitalist welfare). To stop the workers rebelling against these laws through the control over the institutions the capitalists are able to give rise to a way of thinking, meaning the workers accept the status quo or

  1. Can a plausible case be made for participatory democracy under modern conditions?

    In practice we would generally find more like two or three points of view and, if this is the case, then only a certain few need actively participate in the assembly by speaking, the rest 'participate' in as much as they can listen, think and vote on the issues.

  2. Participation is the essence of democracy Discuss

    Member of Parliament) to represent their views in government. The United Kingdom is an example of a representative democracy because we have to vote on who we want to represent us in Parliament. Liberal Democracy incorporates free, fair and competitive elections with the importance of specific key rights and key responsibilities.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work