• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree the USA remains a global hegemony today?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Ben Nevin 1/10/12 How Far Do You Agree That The USA Remains The Global Hegemon Today? ________________ This essay will attempt to demonstrate to what extent the United States is a hegemon. This will be done by exploring the political and economical bases for the lack of balancing nations competing against the United States. Although the United States is a potential hegemon, it will never take the steps to secure that position largely for the same reasons that there are no balancing nations. This has allowed for the rise of a society of nations with substantial political will without the necessary means of enforcing that will. The result of the present situation is that the United States is in a position it has been reluctant to appreciate in terms of its potential. Throughout its history, the United States has taken a unique place in world affairs. From its beginnings, the United States has been entwined in the affairs of the global community largely due to the potential power that it represented during the great struggles for hegemony on the European continent. The nation has always looked on its role from the view of moral authority and within the traditional security concerns that have plagued many of the older powers throughout history. ...read more.

Middle

This status has been a factor in affairs in the "new world" since near the beginning of American history. The definition by Mearsheimer, is not complete though, because in order for it to work you must look at military influence as the leading motivational factor attributed to domination by a foreign power over another one. Mearsheimer claims that economic factors are only one way of looking at the capability of the military to grow in size and technology. Economic factors have always been a key part of all international affairs since at least the American Industrial Revolution. An example of this is the Washington treaty that triggered the formation of NATO. In terms of this paper, a more liberal view of hegemony is accepted, whereby it can be defined as having three attributes: 1) The capability to enforce the rules of the system. 2) The will to do so. 3) The commitment to an ideology which is perceived as beneficial to the major states. This capability rests along four premises: 1) A large and growing economy. 2) Dominance in a leading technological or economic sector. 3) Political power backed up by projective military power. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is somewhat misleading considering the defence budget in terms of GDP is on par, relatively speaking, with much of the industrialized world. In addition to that, by 2007, the US accounted for 46% of the world?s military spending, and had a nine fold lead over China (the second largest military spenders). The US also has 700 military bases in over 100 countries. Although the USA?s soft power has declined in a number of aspects. Its reputation has been damaged by its association with corporate power and widening global inequality. Moreover, the USA?s moral has been damaged by the ?War on Terror? and the issues in the Guantanamo detention camp. Population The US population is expected to be 439 million by 2050, with more Hispanics and Asians settling, with a relatively low age profile attempting to be sustained. This could lead to improvements in the already skilled areas such as science and technology. In conclusion, I feel that the US is the most suited global hegemon today, as it is leading in near enough all aspects in which are needed to be a global hegemon (e.g. Military, Population and Economic). Although with the recent global crisis affecting the US substantially, countries such as China, India, Russia & Brazil all developing rapidly, the USA?s position is under threat. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United States section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United States essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Money and Media dominate modern day politics " how far do you agree?

    4 star(s)

    This also provokes voting behaviour based on personality as opposed to policy. Secondly, there are no rules governing the democratic spread of coverage regarding candidates. Campaigns can therefore spend extortionate amounts to gain press time, such as the record setting 30 minute political commercial by Barac Obama in 2008.

  2. Federalism essay

    of federalism, broken only by the National Socialist unitary state of 1933-45. Germany has realized that it is much easier for a country with a federal structure than a centralized state to take account of regional characteristics and problems. A federal structure is good for countries with regional diversities, as Germany and the US have, as it promotes regional culture.

  1. presidential power how far does it go

    The Justice Department must provide proof that the target is "agent of a foreign power". When expediency is important wiretapping may begin 72 hours before a warrant is physically obtained. During wartime, 15 days is allowed. If neither Congress nor the court is consulted, the wiretap must be withdrawn and all evidence destroyed.

  2. A Trend of Decentralization

    "Both the establishment and maintenance of a vast federal bureaucracy is explained by congressional reelection incentive."3 The desire of the congressmen to get reelected, to compete amongst themselves for money and favors they can bestow upon their districts. The primary goal of the typical Congressman is now reelection, making the

  1. 'Few individuals significantly alter the course of history. Fewer still modify the map of ...

    as the movement of Satyagraha was merged with the aims of the Khilafat movement. At the end of World War One the victorious allies were dividing the Ottoman Empire, which had been a German Ally during the war up. The Muslims of India had several grievances regarding this issue.

  2. Is the USA still a federal state?

    still have some autonomy in how they wish for their land to be governed. Additionally state governments, during a period of decentralisation (a feature of the New Federalism movement), have the impetus to make their own decisions; the 2007 Greenhouse gas initiative is an example of this, whereby eight states

  1. Ethnic minorities in the USA

    is appointed by the local authority police board. This means that officials in the USA are very concerned about public opinion. ________________ US Parties and Elections The two main parties are the Republicans and the Democrats. It is important to realise that these only operate as national parties at election times.

  2. Power in America. The idea that the rich run America has been encompassed in ...

    Furthermore, studies of the backgrounds of members of Congress have shown that they come from the highest levels of society. Domhoff also notes that corporate power is an important factor in explaining America's elitist politics. The elite theory holds that money is equivalent to power.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work