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How was Russian culture affected by Bolshevik rule?

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How was Russian culture affected by Bolshevik rule? Bolshevik cultural policy was based on spreading their values to the population. They attempted to promote equality to create a classless society. In addition to removing class differences they attempted to give equal status to women and to young people. In order to encourage women to work state funded cr�ches were established and laws passed to give women parity in terms of pay with men. The state tried to destroy the old concept of families by legalising abortion and enabling people to obtain divorces much more simply. This was against the teaching of the Orthodox Church which was not tolerated by the Bolshevik party as it had been deeply involved in the Tsarist system and the belief propagated by it that the Tsar was God's representative on Earth was the basis of its power. ...read more.


Bolshevik success in this area was varied as it did succeed in destroying the church as organisation but surveys of the peasantry in the 1920s found that 55% of peasants were still practicing Christians. The survival of religion is probably due to the often more lenient policy practiced locally which would often permit religious people to join the party in contravention of central policy. Islam was also prominent in the east of Russia however this was affected little partially due to wariness of the Bolshevik leadership and probably also due to the distance from Moscow which made enforcement of central party policy difficult. The Bolshevik approach to the arts and popular culture was split into two broad views the first held by Lenin that culture was important but subordinate to class conflict. ...read more.


Their efforts were most effective when applied to the relatively new media of radio and cinema. Radio was recognised as an important medium and invested in heavily and in 1922 Moscow had the most powerful broadcasting station in the world. Battleship Potemkin by Eisenstein is an example of the kind of film supported by the state and its tells a story of sailors rebelling against the Bourgeoisie. The Bolsheviks undoubtedly changed Russian culture greatly and it is disputable whether this was for the better or worse as to take women as an example they gained equal pay and help with childcare. However the ease of divorce often resulted in their husbands leaving them to bring up children alone. ...read more.

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