• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How was Russian culture affected by Bolshevik rule?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How was Russian culture affected by Bolshevik rule? Bolshevik cultural policy was based on spreading their values to the population. They attempted to promote equality to create a classless society. In addition to removing class differences they attempted to give equal status to women and to young people. In order to encourage women to work state funded cr�ches were established and laws passed to give women parity in terms of pay with men. The state tried to destroy the old concept of families by legalising abortion and enabling people to obtain divorces much more simply. This was against the teaching of the Orthodox Church which was not tolerated by the Bolshevik party as it had been deeply involved in the Tsarist system and the belief propagated by it that the Tsar was God's representative on Earth was the basis of its power. ...read more.

Middle

Bolshevik success in this area was varied as it did succeed in destroying the church as organisation but surveys of the peasantry in the 1920s found that 55% of peasants were still practicing Christians. The survival of religion is probably due to the often more lenient policy practiced locally which would often permit religious people to join the party in contravention of central policy. Islam was also prominent in the east of Russia however this was affected little partially due to wariness of the Bolshevik leadership and probably also due to the distance from Moscow which made enforcement of central party policy difficult. The Bolshevik approach to the arts and popular culture was split into two broad views the first held by Lenin that culture was important but subordinate to class conflict. ...read more.

Conclusion

Their efforts were most effective when applied to the relatively new media of radio and cinema. Radio was recognised as an important medium and invested in heavily and in 1922 Moscow had the most powerful broadcasting station in the world. Battleship Potemkin by Eisenstein is an example of the kind of film supported by the state and its tells a story of sailors rebelling against the Bourgeoisie. The Bolsheviks undoubtedly changed Russian culture greatly and it is disputable whether this was for the better or worse as to take women as an example they gained equal pay and help with childcare. However the ease of divorce often resulted in their husbands leaving them to bring up children alone. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. Russia's Political Party System as an Obstacle to Democratization

    This impression was derived from one event: his decisive conducting of the second Chechen War. For the Unity Party in particular, part of its success was due to not enabling voters to clearly identify that party's place in Russia's ideological space.

  2. What exactly is religion?

    Engels agreed with Marxs view of religion, although his later writings qualified this position somewhat, he writes: "Christianity was originally a movement of oppressed people; it first appeared as the religion of slaves and emancipated slaves, of poor people deprived of all rights, or peoples subjugated or dispersed by Rome."

  1. The Contrast between American and Russian Political Cultures: Enlightenment and Despotism

    Nevertheless, Russia has made some democratic progress in the first five years of the post-Soviet era. By 1996 numerous political parties had participated in three free elections- two legislative, one presidential. Although the president enjoyed an advantage in media coverage, all sides agreed after the 1996 election that the people had spoken.

  2. What are the similarities and differencesbetween the sciences and the arts as intellectual discipli.

    Secondly, science and religion can never be directly linked since they do not overlap in any shape or form. Science deals with the physical, religion with the insubstantial. In their very essence the two are diametrically opposed to one another and can't be compared.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work