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"India was granted independence in 1947 because of Gandhi's policy of non-cooperation." How far do you agree with this statement?

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"India was granted independence in 1947 because of Gandhi's policy of non-cooperation." How far do you agree with this statement? In 1947 India was granted with its independence from the British Empire that had ruled over India since the 19th century. The campaign for independence began with the formation of the Indian National Congress party in 1885, the congress was a party for Indians to play a part in the running of the country. However, in 1914 World War 1 broke out and Indian people supported Britain and the Empire, sending food, materials and money. In exchange for their support during the war Congress demanded the British fix a date for India to become self-governing. This was agreed by the British but no date was actually set. In 1920 Gandhi persuaded Congress to vote for the first time for self-rule (self-government and self-control). Gandhi changed Congress by making it appeal to a wider population instead of just the wealthy. ...read more.


There was no escape for the crowd and the British only stopped firing as they had run out of ammunition. In 1921 Ghandi launched his first campaign of non-violent protest against the new constitutional arrangements announced by British in 1919. Before it had become a part of the British Colonies India used to make its' own salt and its' own cotton and they did not pay any taxes. All this had changed under British rule and Ghandi helped to organised demonstrations all over India. One act of civil disobedience involved Ghandi leading a march to the sea where he and his followers made salt from the seawater. People were arrested for making and selling the salt butt the protest helped to show how powerless the army were in the face of individuals acting together. By 1922 the British had imprisoned around 30,000 Congress members none of whom had been violent in any way but many had been beaten the British army. ...read more.


By the end of the second World War the British were facing there own economic problems and the continuing cost of India was becoming too great. Indian people were starting to see that the British were vulnerable and the army which until then had remained loyal were beginning to stop acting against Indian nationalists. I have described in the above essay, the ways in which Gandhi has influenced the independence of India. It is fair to say that Gandhi did play quite a major in independence but it is also fair to say that his was not the only factor. As in the rest of the essay I have been talking about other influences that led to its independence, including the World Wars, India's Army and non-cooperation. The latter statement I agree with very much, as if this had not been done Britain would have no need to think of dropping India as there would be a continuing economic reasons from both cheap manufactured goods and a very large market. ...read more.

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