• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Is the House of Commons effective at carrying out its various functions?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐To what extent does the House of Commons effective at carrying out its various functions? The House of Commons is the name of the elected lower house of the bicameral parliaments of the United Kingdom. In the UK, the Commons holds much more legislative power than the upper house of parliament, the House of Lords. The House of Commons has six main functions that they must carry out. There are six main functions. These are legislative, deliberative, scrutiny, recruitment, legitimation and the representation function. Firstly, the House of Commons must fulfill its legislative function. This is the means by with parliament passes the government?s legislation. Parliament is almost the only source of legislation. When a party wins the general election, a government is formed consisting of various parties. This government then makes laws that become acts of parliament, the legislation, if having been passed by parliament. Most bills that are passed by parliament are government bills, however, some bills that are passed through parliament are private members bills, for example, the abolition of hanging in 1967 by Sydney Silverman. There are also private bills which normally only affect certain private interests and can be introduced by MPs, usually on behalf of a company. ...read more.

Middle

They can therefore influence them to vote for a certain bill for example. In that respect the House of Commons does not effectively carry out its scrutiny function as bills are not getting voted for, for the right reasons, it is because MPs are being forced to vote for things to protect things they do not want people to know. Prime Ministers questions are also a very significant aspect of scrutiny. Because of the fusion of legislative and executive powers under our parliamentary system of government, the head of our executive is a member of the legislature. This means he or she gets direct questioning by MPs which occurs once a week for 30 minutes. Prime ministers question often draws lots of media attention but does not lead to much scrutiny so here the function is not carried out well because it just mainly emphasizes the conflict between the two parties. The select committees were established to shadow and scrutinize each major government department. There are now 18 such departmental select committees, which have 11 MPs, drawn from the parties in rough proportion to the number of seats they hold. ...read more.

Conclusion

If parliament is fulfilling its other functions, presumably it will command greater respect and hence will be an important source of legitimation. The final function of the commons is that of representation. MPs have a duty to represent their constituency in the House of Commons. Clearly, no single candidate will have 100% of the vote, other people will have voted for the opposition. It is therefore necessary for the successful candidate to represent everyone in the constituency regardless of whether they voted for them or not, in essence, the MP represents the interests of their constituency. There has been much controversy over what the representative function of parliament actually means. There is one view that every kind of person in society should be represented by one of their ?Own?. Therefore there would be a gay representative for gays etc. However, this clearly separates society. In all, the representative function is performed well. The MPs do listen to their constituents, no matter who they voted for. In some cases though, MPs do take a different stance. To conclude the above six functions are key to the success of parliament. Without one, the system would not function correctly. Every function is not performed perfectly and some are clearly far less effectively executed than others, for example, the function of scrutiny where MPs expenses were not moderated or controlled well enough. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    "The House of Commons is a highly effective parliamentary chamber" to what extent do ...

    4 star(s)

    For example, the Terrorism Act of 1999 was passed in just 48 hours, which shows how efficient it can be as it can often take months and months to pass a bill. However, the large majorities in the House of Commons can be looked at in another light and some

  2. Describe the formal process of statute creation and the role of the House of ...

    If the house decided to accepted the bill it then moves into the final reading: Third reading this is the overall examination of the bill and allows MP's to look at the bill as a whole really come to terms with the recommendations and conditions of it, therefore its is

  1. How effective is Parliament as a check on the executive?

    Another argument in support of Parliaments weakness is that MP's lack the time, expertise and resources to be effective against the Government. Whitehall contains thousands of civil servants - people employed within a Government department who serve the crown. The senior civil servants advise ministers.

  2. Do we have an effective parliamentary democracy?

    This shows that not all MPs tow their parties line when it comes to huge descisons like this, where its better to show your own opinion. Parliament's second function is to do with legislation. The House of Commons are the main body for the creation of new laws.

  1. What is the main reason for the loss of faith and interest in our ...

    a general election is called, which decides who remains or becomes the executive of the country, and by how many seats, giving an indication of exactly how safe their position is. However a much more worrying problem that these issues affect is the election turnout, which is basically the percentage

  2. How effective is the House of Commons as a check on the executive?

    They were not being seen to make an effort to control the executive. However, since the 2001 general election the number of rebellions has risen sharply. In November and December 2001 there were twenty two separate backbench revolts against the government's anti-terrorism, crime and security bill and the following month

  1. Critically evaluate the laws and conventions that regulate and control the relationship between the ...

    In light of the HOL?s rejection, the King was asked to create more peers to ensure passage. He refused and the Parliament was dissolved. In 1910, the Bill received the electorate?s consent after the government secured a majority and was passed based on the threat of creating peers so that

  2. Assess the extent to which Members of the Northern Ireland Legislative Assembly have been ...

    It is supposed to be used if legislation is a particular threat to a certain community, but the DUP have used the Petition of Concern to block an investigation into the alleged misconduct of one of their own and to block legislation that would prohibit MLAs from ?double jobbing?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work