• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Jeffersonian Republicans and the Federalists DBQ.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Travis Whitmer Period 5 Jeffersonian Republicans and the Federalists DBQ George Washington advised against them, for he thought they would be the downfall of America. Political parties arose from the differences of opinion in regards to Hamilton's financial plan, and have extremely different ideas on how to interpret the Constitution. At the time of Jefferson's presidency, the two major political parties were the Jeffersonian Republicans and the Federalists. The Jeffersonian Republicans (referred to later as simply Republicans) are characterized as strict constructionists, who took the Constitution at its literal word. In contrast, the Federalists had a broad interpretation of the document. During the presidencies of Jefferson and Madison, the Republicans remained strict on most issues. However they did broaden their view to pass foreign policy concerns, while the Federalist Party became more rigid in their interpretation in order to hold on to what little political power they possessed. As soon as Jefferson entered office he took his party's strict views and implemented them. He reduced the central government by cutting back on the army, navy, embassies, and the bureaucracy. ...read more.

Middle

Throughout Jefferson's and Madison's presidencies the Republican Party remained a party of strict constructionists. However strict the Republican Party may have seemed, they took a much broader view to pass bills in the realm of foreign affairs. Nowhere in the Constitution does it say that land can be bought; so Jefferson doubles the size of the United States with the Louisiana Purchase. In that it was not expressly allowed in the Constitution, the deal was placed in a treaty with France as a loophole around the strict views now being held by the Federalists. Jefferson also implemented an international trade embargo that soon plagued the nation. In a cartoon entitled ograbme (embargo spelled backwards) Alexander Anderson captured the nation's feelings toward the embargo. In the cartoon it has Jefferson with the embargo, represented by a snapping turtle, biting the rear of a merchant wanting to trade with Britain. The merchant is pictured saying, "Oh! This cursed Ograbme," showing how the embargo his hurting the nation and how Jefferson is controlling commerce, which the Republicans had implemented through a broad interpretation of the Constitution (Doc C). ...read more.

Conclusion

(Doc D)" A group of Federalists came together at Hartford (known as the Harford Convention) to discuss many of the bills being passed by the Republicans and ideas of secession. Here they discussed the issues of the embargo, state admittance, and international commerce. "Congress shall not have the power to lay any embargo on the ships of vessels of the citizens (Doc E)." While the Republicans passed many broad bills, the Federalists became strict constructionists to try to block the Republicans. During the times of Jefferson and Madison, the two parties show a great deal of irony with their political ideals. The Jeffersonian Republicans, usually characterized by taking the Constitution literally, adopted many broad ideas held by Federalists. At the same time, the Federalists let go of their broad interpretation to take up the principals of strict constructionists. In the areas of foreign affairs, land purchases, and commerce, the Republicans loosened their views, while on these very same issues, to oppose the growing party's power the Federalists took up the strict policies previously held by the Republicans. Overall, the Republicans remained moderately strict, but taking on broad ideals to pass certain bills, while the Federalists became stringent to fight against the changing Republican views. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United States section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United States essays

  1. US Constitution Definition of Terms

    McCulloch vs. Maryland, 1819 The state of Maryland had attempted to impede operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks not chartered in Maryland. Though the law, by its language, was generally applicable, the U.S.

  2. presidential power how far does it go

    The expansion of wiretapping authorizations, increased access to business records and library requests are justified by the precedent set by George Washington when he deemed it necessary to intercept British mail during the American Revolution. The administration has also used the AUMF as fulfilling the requirements for the exceptions to

  1. This paper aims to examine Mabini's political stance for the Filipino Nation.

    Moreover, he envisioned a noble and free society, "taking reason as the only standard for their acts, justice as the only end, and honest work as the only means" (Corpuz, 1989). Inasmuch as Mabini wanted an independent country run by competent Filipinos, justice and hard work were the only ways

  2. How is Britain's constitution changing in the 21st century?

    It is a vast subject and brings about numerous questions of which system should be used and how this would affect the party and political system. Therefore I have chosen not to explore this facet of constitutional reform, even though alternative modes of elections have been used in selecting the London mayor and the European elections.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work