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Karl Marx.

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Introduction

Brett Clothier 01/18/2003 1st-Sociology Karl Marx Karl Marx was born on May 5, 1818, in the city of Trier in the Rhineland, where he completed his early schooling. His fathers side of the family were all rabbis. His father was a prosperous lawyer who adopted Lutheranism for himself and his family in 1824. His mother was from Hungary, and she never learned to read or speak German. At the age of seventeen, he was sent to the University of Bonn to study law. After he was in a duel, he was transferred to the University of Berlin. Instead of applying himself to studying law, Marx began to read the Latin, English, and Italian classics and became interested in philosophy. At the age of nineteen, he became a member of a group who gathered to discuss the interpretations of religious and philosophical views. The triumph of conservatism in government and education led Marx to hurry to complete his university work. Marx received his doctoral degree in 1841. Marx was convinced that an academic career was over and he turned to journalism. In October of 1842, he became editor of a newspaper in Cologne. ...read more.

Middle

Communists regarded Marxism as their strict doctrine. Because of this reason, Marxism has received a lot less popularity than it could have received. The Soviet, Chinese, and other Communist states were at most only partly structured according to Marxism, and while such Communist leaders as Lenin, Stalin, and Mao Zedong claimed they used Marxism, all they really did was use a version of it to fit their own needs. In Africa, Marxism has had a notable impact in such nations as Ethiopia, Benin, Angola, Kenya, and Senegal. Its influence has significantly weakened, however, and seems likely to fade even more since the decline of the Soviet bloc in Eastern Europe. The fall of Communism has led many to predict a similar fate for Marxism. Much of Marxism, because of its close association with Communism, has already been discredited. Many people have objected to the way in which Communism and Marxism are used interchangeably. Some people have turned to Marx's other writings and explored the present day value of such Marxists values as alienation. Marxism's influence can be found in disciplines as diverse as economics, history, art, literary criticism, and sociology. ...read more.

Conclusion

Marx predicted that because the workers could not endure their misfortunes forever, they would inevitably wage a revolution to free themselves from oppression. In my opinion, this sounds like something very reasonable. People were working in bad environments for hardly anything. Nobody would want to do this and this is why he thought the lower class would start a revolution to change this. Today, over a third of the population of the world considers itself to be Marxist. However Marxism has undergone many changes since Marx first wrote down his own ideas. I think that Marx's life has a very ironic twist to it. Marx, who devoted himself to help the working people in factories and other horrible conditions, never worked in a factory a day in his life. When he wrote the Communist Manifesto, he was barely able to live because he had no money. It is also ironic that during all the social and political upheavals of nineteenth-century Europe, Marx, chose to write rather than fight. It is strange in the face that Marx's books and articles were deemed perhaps more dangerous than bullets or guns. Even though Marx is looked on as the father of Communism, his ideas are very good. The fact of the matter is that they just will not work. Clothier 1 ...read more.

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