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Key Concepts In Politics.

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Introduction

M.Gschmeissner Assignment 2 KEY CONCEPTS IN POLITICS. GLOSSARY OF POLITICAL CONCEPTS Civil Society Civil Society is a highly contested concept but always centres on the idea of freedom, freedom of thought, freedom of conscience, freedom of expression, freedom of movement, freedom to enjoy privacy and autonomy in the management of one's personal life. Freedom of private individuals to associate voluntarily and to form organisations for pursuing common purposes and freedom to participate politically in ways that do not infringe upon the similar rights of others. The concept of Civil Society can easily be misinterpreted. In any civil society individuals should be allowed to exercise Civil Liberties that refer specifically to the protection of the individual rights to form and express his/her own preferences or convictions and to act freely upon them in the private sphere with no undue intrusive interference by the government. Therefor correlating to a goal of limited or no government. Civil Rights on the other hand refer more to the individual rights as a citizen within a government to participate freely and equally in politics and public affairs in order to promote his/her preferred public polices through lobbying and policy making. ...read more.

Middle

Legitimacy may be conferred upon power holders in a variety of ways in different societies, usually involving solemn formal rituals of religious or quasi-religious nature. Royal and coronations in monarchies, popular election and swearing-in in democracies. An example of the significance of legitimacy or rather lack of legitimacy is apparent in most modern monarchies. In the UK for example if you are born or marry into the monarchy you have immediate rights and are placed in a position of authority. Years ago the acceptance of the decisions made by our monarchy and the people surrounding the monarchy were paramount. Today however there has been somewhat of a shift from monarchy to government but legitimacy still remains. State A specialised type of political organisation characterised by a full time, specialised, professional work force of tax collectors, soldiers, policemen or bureaucrats. And the like that exercises supreme political authority over defined territory with a permanent population. Independent from any enduring external political control and possessing a local predominance of coercive power great enough to maintain general obedience to its laws or commands within its territorial borders. The importance and significance of the concept of state has been at the forefront of modern politics for years. ...read more.

Conclusion

Authority is essential in many circumstances such as the competent running of army's and police forces. The significance of authority in such institutes differs depending on the competency of he who remains in ultimate authority i.e. the Prime Minister, President or Monarch. Power The Capacity for a personal or impersonal instance to bring someone to do (or not to do) that which left to himself, he would not necessarily have done. It is immediately obvious that the greatest conceivable power lies in the possibility of performing someone in such a way that of his own accord, he does what one wants him to do, without any need for domination. Power like most concepts can be interpreted differently depending on the context in which it's discussed. Power comes in all shapes and sizes and is very much dependant on the individual. What one person perceives, as powerful another may not i.e. parents. Much like authority there is little disputes as to the literal meaning of power. But rather disputes as to its allocation. History has been tarnished with people's disputes as to the allocation of power. Most recently the in Russia but most significantly during the French Revolution. In democratic societies power is invested in the individual. In fascist dictatorships power can lie in the hands on individuals. Whichever the case may be power still remains extremely significant. Sovereignty ...read more.

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