• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Labour Party history since 1979

Extracts from this document...


Labour Party history since 1979 Reform of the Labour Party 1979-97: Between 1979 and 1997, there was extensive reform of the structure and organisation of the Labour Party. In part, this was a reflection of the Party's failure to win a general election between 1979 and 1997. In part it was a reflection of an ideological struggle between different factions within the Party. There were three distinct phases: 1) The Bennite challenge 1979-83 Following Labour's 1979 general election defeat, a group of Labour Party activists led by Tony Benn attempted to change the balance of power within the Party. They argue that by ignoring the wishes of Labour's activists its parliamentary leaders had lost touch with the wishes of its natural working class electorate, which paved the way for MPs Thatcher's victory in 1979. Rules change 1980: The pressure for reform expected by been and his supporters produced two main changes, the first as a result of a rule change made at the 1980 Party conference, it became mandatory for Labour MPs to be reselected by their constituency Labour parties before each general election. ...read more.


In 1998, the Labour Party believed that by the strength of their common endeavour, they achieve more that they achieved alone, so as to create for of them the means to realise their true potential and for al of them as a community in which power, wealth and opportunity are in the hands of the many not few where the right they enjoy reflect the duties they owe. In 1983, the Labour Party was committed to increased public spending and state ownership, unilateral nuclear disarmament and leaving the European community. All these policy positions have since been reversed, suggesting the betrayal of the part's former socialism. In the early 1980s which is untypical, Blair leadership has much in common with that of earlier leaders like Callaghan and Wilson. Blair describes his ideology as the Third Way. This draws on some familiar Labour themes. In the 34 years between 1945 and 1979, the Labour Party helped power for 17 years - the same number of years as the conservative. Between 1979 and 1997, the Party remain din position. Despites doubts that Labour could ever win an overall majority again, the Party proved doubters wrong by winning its largest ever overall majority in 1997 and ...read more.


Leadership election in 1994 Leader MPs Ordinary members Trade unions Total Blair Prescott Becket 60.5 19.6 19.9 58.2 24.4 17.4 52.3 28.4 19.4 57.0 24.1 18.9 Deputy leader MPs Ordinary members Trade unions Total Prescott Becket 53.7 46.3 59.4 40.6 56.6 43.4 56.5 43.5 The location of power 1955-94: The fact that Labour Leaders continued to ignore or to act against the whished of the majority members in the years after McKenzie wrote his book in 1995 suggests that power remained with the Labour leadership. Indeed, there is good evidence that the moves towards centralisation undertaken by Neil Kinnock after 1983. The location of power under Tony Blair 1997-2007: By 1998, a debate was taking place about whether Blair's reforms had strengthened or weakened democracy in the Party. Blair and his supporters argued that the new policy-making process provided a more focused and therefore effective role for members allowing them to influence policy during the consultation process and at Party conference. Moreover, the decision to hold internal referendums on the revision of CLAUSE IV and on the acceptance of the key principles on which Labour was to fight the 1997 general election can be interpreted as the leadership going a greater say to ordinary individual members. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. Government & Politics Revision Notes

    Second, referendums have been more widely used since 1997. This has enabled representative democracy to be supplemented by a stronger element of direct democracy, and brought other benefits such as improved political education. However, referendums tend to be used at the convenience of the government of the day, and may be used to reduce the accountability of governments for political decisions, thereby weakening democracy.

  2. priministers power

    The continued recession (and sluggish recovery), high unemployment, a high trade deficit and budget deficit, and the EMS disaster of September 1992 plagued the government. Major's handling of Norman Lamont's position was inept - keeping him in office as

  1. How, and with what success, have governments attempted to improve the provision of health ...

    The private involvement in the NHS is limited to providing non emergency services and some have involvement in GP's. Minister's however, aim to encourage private sector involvement in primary care to fill gaps in areas which have struggled to gain doctors.

  2. Media or Manifesto?

    This is an example of British Politics developing with British culture, and the freedom of not being considered to be of a certain class creates the ability to vote just as freely. The second is education. As the electorate becomes more intelligent, it is better qualified to make rational political

  1. Should MP's be paid more?

    not deserve one who in the words of The Sun are 'crooked, conniving and corrupt', as newspapers are constantly filled with news of another politicians scandal. Surely MP's should earn a pay rise from their employers, the tax-payers, just like in any other occupation?

  2. The Labour Party.

    * John Prescott: He was the Deputy Prime minister and the Minister for Transport. He was a controversial figure known for punching a protestor during the 2001 General Election campaign and was nicknamed 2-Jags due to him owning two Jaguars.

  1. Why did Afrikaners establish apartheid in 1948?

    It was a blank wall", nothing could stand in his way, he was the most powerful and successful pioneer of the apartheid.

  2. Why Where the Results of the Elections In 1979, 1983 and 1997 So Significant? ...

    Thatcher had as well to convince the country that a woman could lead the Government. She did, the Tories won the elections getting 13,697,923 votes and 339 seats, while Labour just got 269. The Conservatives were in power until 1997 when Labour regained government.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work