• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Leadership styles

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In this task I will describe leadership styles and their use in the uniformed public services. I will include examples of public service situations when each style may be used. I will also compare different leadership styles used in the uniformed public services, evaluate the effectiveness and draw conclusions about why this is the case and consider whether the styles make the team leader effective or not and why. Leadership Styles A leadership style is the manner and approach of providing direction for a team, implementing plans and motivating people to complete a task. There are several different leadership styles, each with advantages and disadvantages. The public services are constantly changing in response to changes in public expectations, the law and the current political environment and so the styles of leadership they use change and evolve too. Authoritarian leadership - is a very direct leadership style where the leader tells the team members what they must do. Sometimes this style is also described as autocratic. It is often considered a classic leadership style and is used when a leader wishes to retain as much power as possible and maintain control over the decision making process. It involves the leader telling the team members what they must do without any form of consultation or negotiation. Team members are expected to obey orders without receiving any explanation. Appropriate conditions when you might use this leadership style are: * You have all the information to solve the problem * You are working to a tight deadline * The team is well motivated and used to working for an authoritarian leader. ...read more.

Middle

In a public service context, a good example of this would be a murder enquiry where the supervising officer would employ a laissez-faire approach to a scene-of-crime officer or a forensic investigator. The experts know what they are there to do and can be safely left to get on with it, leaving the supervising officer free to attend to other tasks. Transactional leadership - is a very direct style of leadership and uses rewards and punishments to motivate the team. This is similar to autocratic but not as extreme, even though transactional leaders, like autocratic leaders, are direct and dominating and spend a great deal of time telling others what is expected of them. Transactional leaders are very common in businesses where people receive rewards such as bonuses, training or time off if they demonstrate good performance. Transactional leaders use conventional rewards and punishments to gain the support of their team. They create clear structures whereby it is obvious what is required of the team and what incentives they will receive if they follow orders (salary, benefits, promotion or praise). Team members who perform adequately or accomplish goals will be rewarded in some way that benefits their own self-interest. Those who don't perform or meet the standard required will be punished by the leader through the 'management by exception principle', whereby, rather than rewarding work, they will take corrective action against those who don't work to the required standards. Table: The advantages and disadvantages of transactional leadership. Advantages Disadvantages * The leader actively monitors the work and each individual's performance. * Leaders tend to be action oriented and focus on short-term tasks. ...read more.

Conclusion

A disadvantage of this is that it can focus so much on the well-being of the team that the job they do is neglected. Task-orientated - style is about getting the job done. The completion of the task rather than the needs of the team is the key goal. Task-orientated leaders focus mainly on getting the task done, whether it is structured or unstructured. They will define the work and the roles required, put structures in place, plan, organise and monitor with little thought for the well-being or needs of their teams. This approach can have many flaws, such as difficulties in motivating and retaining the team. This style of leadership is the opposite of people-orientated leadership. In practice, most leaders use both task-orientated and people-orientated styles of leadership. As an example, a police inspector organising crowd control at a football match may use a task-centred approach, but back at the station, when dealing with junior police officers, she might employ a people-centred approach. Appropriate style for the situation The public services receive their strategic plans either directly from a government ministry or they must draw up their own plans under the prevailing political will of the time. This means that even very senior officers often have no input into the goal setting of the organisation but are given authoritarian dictates that they have to impose on their employees. Despite this a public service leader must be ready to respond to the challenges and changes that they may arise in society with a whole range of leadership techniques that can be deployed singly or all at once. Public service leaders must be highly adaptable and comfortable using all styles of leadership. ?? ?? ?? ?? Leadership Styles ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

3 Stars - A very thorough, well organised and well written assignment that considers a wide range of points.
Where this piece could be improved is through more consistent use of practical examples that demonstrate the theoretical points. Also, with proof reading and editing it would become more apparent that there are passages that are repetitious.

Marked by teacher Dan Carter 26/09/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent can Ramsay MacDonald be considered a Traitor to the Labour Party?

    3 star(s)

    question of whether to betray his party of the nation, it was whether he should betray himself and his conscience. Even though the proposals put forward to solve the economic disaster negated the ideology of the Labour Party, he still was absolutely satisfied that the unemployment benefit cuts were necessary in the interests of the nation.

  2. Government & Politics Revision Notes

    For this reason all the main political parties are striving for far more parliamentary from ethnic minorities > Representatives to Constituents- Some representatives argue that it is their duty only to do what their electors or their party has instructed them to do.

  1. "Differences between power and authority"

    the power to influence the way in which people both think and even vote to such a great extent that sometimes politicians are seen to go to him before a general election and try to persuade him to portray their political party in a good light.

  2. The comparison of the US President and the British Prime Minister appears from the ...

    The President though, is not obliged to meet with his cabinet or consult them on policy, as cabinet is not a formal unit contained within the constitution. There is no doctrine of collective decision making, and the President holds the power of supreme decision maker when consulting cabinet and may

  1. Some differences and similarities between the Australian and United States federal legislatures

    The Constitution describes the separate legislative, executive and judicial arms of government. It prohibits Representatives and Senators from holding any Executive Branch office. Some Similarities Both systems use a written constitution. Australia and the United States are both federations. Both federations were created by several sovereign states handing over some of their powers to a central government in 1789 (USA)

  2. How far was New Labor influenced by Thatcher?

    Contrastingly, theorists such as Giddens provide us with a view that Labour did truly offer, as Blair claimed, a ?Third Way?[14] and a break from both Thatcherism and Old Labour, arguing that New Labour was a new concept and renewal of social democracy.

  1. What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Devolution in Scotland and Wales?

    Therefore, this would lead to tough decisions, i.e. would university fees still remain free? This could thus adversely lead to greater restriction on the executive's taxational powers, therefore it doesn't seem worth the hassle if the only aim achieved is defeated once put in principle.

  2. The election campaign is now more important than long term factors in shaping voting ...

    The way in which parties exploit their electoral campaigns is through the media which is having an increasing impact on shaping voting behaviour. Newspapers now have a direct influence over the voting behaviour of their readers. Evidence suggests that, allowing for class and existing attitudes, readers of Labour-supporting newspapers are

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work