• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Marxism, Idealism and Nationalism

Extracts from this document...


Marxism "On a level plain, simple mounds look like hills; and the insipid flatness of our present bourgeoisie is to be measured by the altitude of its 'great intellects'." -Karl Marx Man in a bourgeois society is the victim. The state is against man, and he is constantly being exploited and oppressed by the upper class of the state. Man is thrusted into a state of alienation, and the pleasures of his life are constantly being obstructed by the state under a system known as capitalism. These are a few of Marx's views on how the states operate. He promoted a theory known as structuralism and he believed that the only way that man can survive under this system is to use their labor power on the market in exchange for an unfair amount of compensation. Marx believed that class divisions existed, between the workers and the ruling class. Marx stated that class divisions existed, mainly between the workers who did the labor and the capitalist who represented the ruling class. As soon as the class distinctions are removed, then production would be controlled by the vast association of the whole nation. Marx emphasized that there needs to be an association, in which the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all. ...read more.


One philosopher, Rudyard Kipling argued that nations are in a permanent struggle for existence. Strong nations who defeated weaker nations in war were superior and therefore fit to survive. There have been several cases in the past that shows the importance of nationalism. One of these cases includes the opposition of Napoleon. After conquering a vast area of Europe, the people among those conquered and allied with Napoleon developed a sense of nationalism. They began to resent paying taxes to France as well as sending soldiers to serve in Napoleon's armies. The people wanted to restore their own government, along with their own customs and traditions. This feeling of nationalism lead to the fall of Napoleon. Nationalism can still be seen today in such cases as that of Saddam Hussein. Saddam Hussein, the Iraqi president, had Iraq invade its tiny neighbor, Kuwait, after talks break down over oil production and debt repayment. He later annexes Kuwait and declares it a 19th province of Iraq. It was believed at this time that Iraq intended to invade Saudi Arabia and take control of the region's oil supplies. He also has implemented sanctions to try and control the imports and exports of his country. After considering these events, it is conceived that the positive form of nationalism should be encouraged within a country's border, however, the government must carefully monitor the situations to ensure they do not take on violent or discriminatory characteristics. ...read more.


Nevertheless, modern idealism generally proposes superhuman mental activity of some sort and ascribes independent reality to certain principles, such as creativity, a force for good, or an absolute truth. Idealism argues that if a society can function on a domestic level through morality and social responsibilities, there is no reason why the same rules cannot be applied atleast to some degree in the international arena. Although idealism speaks of a perfect world and hope and togetherness, one cannot say that they are unnaturally optimistic or exceptionally ignorant. They do understand that there is conflict in the world, but instead of accepting it, they wish to change it. They also realise that life is not a bed of roses and that the world is full of problems, but also know that these issues are not issues a state should face alone or should have to face alone, because these are problems that affect the whole world, like the environment or nuclear testing. All idealism preaches is the concept of one world, a togetherness that supercedes all differences, a sense of collective security and feeling of belonging, not just within ones borders but beyond. 1 Rousseau and Geneva: From the First Discourse to the Social Contract 1749 - 1762 Helena Rosenblatt. Cambridge University Press. May 1997. 2 Webster's New Universal Encyclopedia Barnes & Noble, Inc. Helicon Publishing Ltd. 1997. 3 A. C. Ewing, ed., The Idealist Tradition (1957); G. A. Kelly, Idealism, Politics, and History (1969). ?? ?? ?? ?? 6 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. Similarities and differences between 21st century religious fundamentalism and 20th century European Fascism

    "An ideology is more than just ideas; it is also actions based upon those ideas."18 21st century religious fundamentalism can be seen to fulfill this criterion as many examples show this. One example will be the establishment of Iran as an Islamic state and in its latest issue of Iran

  2. How and why does Locke explain the creation, value and protection of property?

    carrying out of such a policy impracticable due to the express consent required from each individual that the government wishes to appropriate property from. Furthermore, Locke does not seem to address this problem fully, simply assuming that "every one who enjoys his share of Protection, should pay out of his Estate his proportion of for the maintenance of it."

  1. Power and Politics in Organizations: Public and Private Sector Comparisons

    There may be less of this type of learning in the private sector than in the public sector, no matter how the firm is organized, because so many discoveries, including those involving management know-how, have proprietary and potential rent-producing characteristics.

  2. Evolution of Democracy and the Athenian Constitution

    enlisting their support in his attack on the Council of the Areopagus." Having never been selected Archon (a noteworthy fact) he was not a member of the Council. With popular support and the efforts of the democratic leader Ephialtes he removed many of its members on charges of administrative misconduct and later even had Cimon ostracized.

  1. Does democracy bring peace?

    War being very costly, there then follows a natural incentive both to maintain peace and to neglect defence." Admittedly Smith's assessment hasn't massive modern day relevance, he seems to imply that the spread of capitalism and industrialisation would remove the requirement of a military but the United States of America,

  2. Socialist uses of workers' inquiry

    Are there sufficient safety appliances against fire? 26. Is the employer legally bound to compensate the worker or his family in case of accident? 27. If not, has he ever compensated those who suffered accidents while working for his enrichment?

  1. What did Karl Marx mean by 'exploitation' in a capitalist economic system?

    These companies have focused much emphasis upon the lowered labour costs of the lower economically developed countries, and have taken advantage of a desperate situation.

  2. Realism, idealism and neoliberalism

    The state, according to Faulks can be defined as 'the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory' (Faulks, 1999:20). According to Realist ideology, within this territory the state has absolute authority which is necessary in order to ensure security for the citizens of the state.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work