• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

AS and A Level: Middle east

Browse by

Currently browsing by:

Meet our team of inspirational teachers

find out about the team

Get help from 80+ teachers and hundreds of thousands of student written documents

  1. Why is it difficult to keep peace talks going in the Middle East?

    Jews do not trust the Palestinian political institutions accusing them of corruption and tacit support of terrorism. They feel a Palestinian state in the West Bank would pursue a long-term strategy of destroying Israel, rather then building up national life for the Palestinians. They feel a hatred of Israel appears to be a greater driving force for Palestinians then building their own society and therefore a Palestinian state would be a staging area for missile attacks on Israel. This line of thought is further enhanced by Arab states riddled with bureaucratic corruption are unable to control or contain fanatics in their midst bent on the destruction of the West.

    • Word count: 4053
  2. Terrorism. What is terrorism? 2. Why do terrorists use terror tactics? 3. What caused the September 11th terror attacks on America?

    Anyone who opposed the government was caught and often executed without a fair trial, by the guillotine. The motive of this was to control the people and to destroy any opposition so that the government would not be overthrown. Another more recent example is Saddam Hussein's regime in Iraq which ended in 2003 because of a US led coalition. Under his regime people weren't allowed rights like free speech. The government also crushed any opposition. Some people might say that this isn't terrorism because the government should be able to rule their country how they want however this is normally known as terrorism as it is unlawful use of violence on civilians.

    • Word count: 3583
  3. History Coursework: The Arab-Israeli Conflict

    By 1914 these Jews decided that it would have to be in Palestine. This land was known to the Jews as the "Promised Land", so called because the Jews believed God promised it to them. The Jews (or Israelites) had lived there nearly 2500 years before and where several thousands still remained. However it was not all Jews who wanted to have their homeland, the majority of Jews, who lived in Western Europe and the United States were happy where they lived, it was only a small number, mainly from Russia who desired this "Promised Land".

    • Word count: 3899
  4. Why was the State of Israel successfully established in 1948?

    In return for Jewish support during the war, the British made the Balfour Declaration which formally acknowledged the ancient link between the Jewish people and the land of Palestine (4). Following World War One, The League of Nations Council and the American Congress gave similar public signs of support; backing the eventual "establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people" (5) These public declarations dramatically changed the status of the Zionist cause, giving their ambitions for Palestine a strong, legal, grounding.

    • Word count: 3454
  5. Israel's Security Barrier

    This will make a peaceful solution to the conflict even more difficult. The Planned Route of the Barrier: While Yitzhak Rabin won his premiership with the slogan "Us Here, Them There" Ehud Barak endorsed the idea of separation through the slogan "good fences make good neighbors", states Peter Lagerquist who works as a writer and researcher in Palestine and Israel.1 However this is hardly possible if the land is built on "borrowed" land. The idea of separation is not a new one and the current Premier of Israel, Sharon has now turned an idea into reality with the beginning of the construction of a fence.

    • Word count: 3005
  6. Palestinian refugee problem - source related study

    By understanding the author's reasons, the sources can be useful to see what different points of view are. Source A is a Palestinian view of the Arab exodus from Palestine in 1948. It is an extract from a pamphlet written by the Palestinian Liberation Organisation in 1984. The source seems to be blaming the Israeli's for attacking the 'peaceful' village. The language used makes the attack look motiveless and evil. They use words such as 'murdered' and 'in cold blood'.

    • Word count: 3901
  7. Assess the effectiveness of the Arab and Israeli peace initiatives from the 1970s to the 1990s.

    ISSUES SURROUNDING THE WEST BANK AND GAZA, 1967-1977 (following 1967 war) Israeli Perspective - Under Jordanian control (1948-1967) the Palestinians had been kept politically and socially divided in an effort to limit the growth of Palestinian nationalism. - After 1967 the West Bank economy and labour force were incorporated into the Israeli economy. Palestinian Perspective - Argue Israel continued a policy aimed at preventing growth of a collective Palestinian identity. - Assert that Israel soon set out on the path of deliberately establishing Jewish military settlements in the Gaza Strip, Jordan Valley and the Golan Heights - Initially the Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza benefited economically but becoming part of the Israeli economy --> high level

    • Word count: 6183
  8. Middle east conflict - There have been several attempts to bring peace to this area but there is still no end to the fighting. What are the main obstacles to peace and how have these stopped previous attempts from working (including the most recent)?

    Both sides believe in the idea of owning 100% of Palestine to create into their ideal homeland. At the moment due to gains in the Six Day War in 1967, the Israelis have full control of all the land - including the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, encouraging more terrorism from the Arab nationals stopping a potential peace settlement to work. The Jews recently have begun settlement building in the West Bank, encouraged by Ariel Sharon, (he was the housing minister in the 1970's but now the Prime Minister). Today around 400,000 Israelis live illegally on the Palestinian lands, despite Resolution 242 passed 30 years ago making the occupation of the West Bank and Gaza strip illegal.

    • Word count: 3531
  9. Arab and Israeli conflict - source related study.

    Another key aspect is that sources A and B say that the PLO is regaining its land for the right purpose and should have the privilege to debated about it. Whereas sources C and D disagree with this and comment "PLO a murderous group of terrorist with a sophisticated army." This firstly tells us that the PLO is a murderous group organization. Also imply the fact that the people who wrote the sources C and D are Zionist telling us that the Jews should have a homeland and later an independent state.

    • Word count: 3223
  10. The land of Israel, home of the holy land Jerusalem, has been around for 35 centuries.

    (Frenkel 12) Living in a State as culturally diverse as Israel, it is unforeseeable that problems and conflicts will arise. Thousands of years of history, the ingathering of the Jews from over 70 countries, a society of multi-ethnic communities living side by side, and an unending flow of international input via satellite and cable have contributed to the development of an Israeli culture which reflects worldwide elements while striving for an identity of its own. Cultural expression through the arts is as varied as the people themselves, with literature, theater, concerts, radio and television programming, entertainment, museums and galleries for every interest and taste.

    • Word count: 4092
  11. Discuss whether a peaceful solution to the arab - Israeli conflict is possible.

    The creation of Israel in 1948 led to clashes with the Arab world, which have continued until the present day. PALESTINIAN REFUGEES 1948 Iraq 4000 Syria 75,00 Jordan 70,000 West Bank 280,000 Gaza 190,000 Egypt 7000 Lebanon 100,000 The root of the Arab-Israeli conflict is that both the Arabs and Jews claim the land, which they now call Israel, is theirs. This is because Jews are descendants from Isaac, Abraham's son who was promised Israel as a God given gift to them forever and Arabs are Descendants from Ishmael, also Abraham's son.

    • Word count: 3352
  12. The role of International law in regards to The Palestinian Dilemma.

    However, the statute of the League of Nations Mandate for Palestine, issued in 1922, was in contradiction with the provisions of article 22 of the League's Covenant insofar as it included in the Preamble and in articles 2, 4, 6 and 7, the basic provisions of the Balfour Declaration. The Mandate for Palestine in itself violated article 22 of the League's Covenant, which proposes, in its first part in connection with the protection of the rights of peoples under the Mandate, a "sacred trust of civilization".

    • Word count: 4559
  13. The Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Obviously, by the end of the war, there was a lot of confusion over the Middle East situation as the British had promised both the Arabs and the Jewish independence. In addition, during this time a secret agreement was made between Sir Mark Sykes and Charles Georges -Picot about the eventual partition of the Turkish Empire. Here are some of the terms of the Sykes-Picot Agreement: 1. That France and Great Britain are prepared to recognise and protect an independent Arab states in the area (A) and (B) marked on the annexed map, under the suzerainty of an Arab Chief....

    • Word count: 3024
  14. To what extent is the city of Jerusalem vital to the followers of three main world religions in the present time?

    The last place he slept, had his meal, preached, was caught by the Romans, crucified, buried, and resurrected. Jerusalem was also the first place, which Christianity was primarily preached, and after Jesus' death, it was the capital of the new religion. It is thought that Jesus made frequent visits to the Temple of Jerusalem and would go "for the Passover feast,"2 where he would find numerous supporters awaiting him, to observe his preaching's and his performance of extraordinary miracles. Jesus was considered as a threat to the government, which eventually led to his arrest in a small "valley outside Jerusalem."3 The Church of the Holy Sepulchre was established on what Joseph of Arimathea thought was Jesus' grave.

    • Word count: 4430
  15. The Lebanon Civil War: Syria’s Role in Lebanon

    A cause would be probably Lebabanon's very minor and weak worker's organizations, reduced because of increasing and emigration of Lebanon's people in Arabic and other and states. Closure of factories and enterprises also, resulted with terrible civil war that was happened in the year 1975. In that war the most of magnificent achievements that were made during the years before were destroyed. Going out of that fratricide war with all political, social, religious and ethnic oppositions inside of the country, Lebanon become again an attractive place, but now for hundred thousand Palestinian refugees along with their armed forces.

    • Word count: 3438
  16. To what extent is the city of Jerusalem vital to the followers of three main world religions in the present time?

    To Christians, Jerusalem is the place, which witnessed most of Jesus' upbringing, preaching, crucifixion, and also where he was said to have been resurrected. A majority of significant Christian sites nowadays, in and around Jerusalem are to do with the whereabouts of his final days. The last place he slept in, had his meal, preached, was caught by the Romans, crucified, buried, and resurrected. Jerusalem was also the first place, which Christianity was primarily preached, and after Jesus' death, it was the capital of the new religion.

    • Word count: 5528

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • To what extent is the current 'road map to peace' likely to be more successful in achieving peace in the Arab-Israeli conflict than any of the previous attempts in the last 30 years?

    "I do not think the 'Roadmap to Peace' will be successful. It will end up like the previous attempts at peace in the Middle East; Camp David, Madrid and Oslo, all of which failed. In my opinion there is no reason why the current Roadmap to Peace will be any different to these previous failures. The Roadmap has already failed its first target in May 2003, and does not seem to be heading towards any kind of peace. The leaders write the agreements but the people of Israel and Palestine have to live with them, many people on both sides still do not accept the right for the other to exist. Also there are still extreme terrorists groups who are never going to be happy with peace, and are going to jeopardise it every time. Violence in The Middle East has become a way of life for the people who live there, and its possible that that will never change."

  • To what extent do the Israelis and the Palestinians each have history on their Side?

    "In conclusion whilst either party in the Palestinian Israeli conflict could easily construct a case, using differentiating historical data, for having historical rights to today's Israel. However due to Israel's maintenance of territorial integrity and diplomatic pressure, historical precedent ensures that they have ultimately have all of history on their side and indeed the right to remain in Israel. James Robertson A.H.C 1001 1 Samuel 14 : 14 2 Samuel 16 : 11 3 Samuel 17 : 2 4 Anthony Bubalo Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade ; Australian Embassy Tel Aviv 14/10/02"

  • Assess who or what is to blame for the Palestinian refugee problem

    "This source could help us to reach a conclusion about who is responsible for the refugee problem because it gives us a huge insight into the situation. It includes real images and footage and interviews with eyewitnesses who know what's going on. Examples of Israelis blaming Israel add to the many other aspects making it an excellent source to look at for a Palestinian point of view. However, the interviewees were clearly carefully selected to support Pilger's biased opinion. It leaves us wondering what the motives of the eyewitnesses were and why no supportive images to Israel were shown. Even points given by people supporting Israel were made to look unjustified. There is too much left unseen for this source to lead us to a firm conclusion."

Marked by a teacher

This document has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the document.

Peer reviewed

This document has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the document page.

Peer reviewed

This document has been reviewed by one of our specialist student document reviewing squad. Read the full review under the document preview on this page.