• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Morality! The theory of ethical egoism

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

MORALITY! 'THE THEORY OF ETHICAL EGOISM'. This suggests that the goal of each person's life should be of his or her self-interest. Afterall, it is long-term happiness that is important, so you should be able to behave in such a way that you benefit in the long run. Everybody should apply this theory, as everyone should maximise his or her own happiness. ...read more.

Middle

The action with the greatest amount of happiness is the best one. 'THE DISCOVERED OR INVENTED ARGUMENT'. This is for those who believe that there is an absolute good way to live. The religious society may call it as 'living in accordance to god's will'. This means finding the correct principles in which one should live and then decide how to apply these principles. ...read more.

Conclusion

For those who believe in God, this is fine because we have a soul and the essence of free will. For atheists this is problematic. Atheists believe that the world works according to physical laws that are deterministic.... in other words, free will should not exist. Some philosophers such as zeno have said that we react to the world in a predetermined way, but we THINK that we are free; this means that we can never be held responsible for our actions, since they are not really free. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. Explain Bentham's version of Utilitarianism.

    and many years afterwards when the radiation affected the living and the unborn. The second difficulty is the hedonic calculus, measuring pleasure. How can we compare the pleasure you feel of eating a bar of chocolate after finally giving into your temptations during a diet, to watching your children grow up to becoming successful and accomplished adults.

  2. Does J.S.Mill abandon Utilitarianism?

    Bentham rejects the idea that there is no possible time to do a hedonic calculus in an emergency. In an emergency Bentham believes that one simply reacts but after that they should then go back and perform a hedonic calculus to see if the right thing was in fact done, and if so use it for future references.

  1. What are the main features of utilitarianism as an ethical theory (10) Examine and ...

    and the only thing desirable, as an end; all other things being desirable as means to an end.' The idea that happiness is the ultimate good and unhappiness the ultimate evil is known as hedonism. Hedonism has always been an attractive theory because it is based on the idea that

  2. Trust in the Press is essential in an ever changing society. Not only must ...

    Wallraff who said, "you have to disguise yourself in order to unmask your society".6 The BBC reiterates this in their guidelines for public interest: "...when dealing with serious illegal or anti-social behaviour it may occasionally be acceptable for us not to reveal the full purpose of the programme to a

  1. So, whats wrong with Anarchism?

    and there would be a need for a system which would represent the interests of those people and therefore the whole idea of no authority would be invalid because even if the representatives were volunteers they would still have some authority.

  2. What are the advantages of utilitarianism?

    To give an example, just as it may be wrong for one woman to have an abortion, it does not necessarily follow that in another woman's completely different circumstances it would also be wrong. Although Bentham devised the theory of utilitarianism, a great follower of his was John Stuart Mill

  1. What is Utilitarianism?

    Happiness is determined in terms of pleasure. Bentham was a hedonist - pleasure seeker. His aim was to pursue pleasure and avoid pain. Pleasure is the sole good or intrinsically good, and pain is the soul evil or intrinsically evil.

  2. Philosophy Essay - Is it possible to explain human morality by means of just ...

    Morality is trying to draw a distinction between the good and the bad. How does pleasure have to be good? People's pleasure may contain an evil that we all condemn in everyday life. Plato raises the point of having bad pleasures, sadism being the obvious example.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work