• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Nationalism in the Middle East

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Andy Karpov History 12 Mr. Benoy Sep 23, 2002 Essay # 1 Nationalism Nationalism Essay When thinking of the Middle Eastern conflicts, the common knowledge is that these conflicts originated in biblical times, which I think to be wrong. According to Rashid Khalidi, "The situation in the Middle East is not so different from the recent history of Europe, where the upsurge of nationalism in the nineteenth century fueled conflicts that culminated in two world wars. And just as modern nation-states like France and Germany have manufactured pedigrees that stretch back centuries; nationalists in the Middle East have crafted narratives to support their own claims to power."[1][1] Nationalism is often defined as the feeling which unites people with common descent, language, or religious background; this feeling often causes people to unite and abolish foreign rule over their own affairs. Nationalism is a very strong power with great prospects to do either good or bad depending on the degree of nationalism and the side of argument looked at. Nationalism was a chief driving force in the creation of the state of Israel and throughout the 20^th century shaped politics and caused many conflicts in that region. ...read more.

Middle

Another cause for Arab attacks on Israel is the fact that Jerusalem, which was included in the territory of Israel, Is a central and a very important city for three main religions: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, the latter of which is the religion of the Arab nations surrounding Israel. Hence, we can see the natural drive of these nations to unite in support of each other and try to gain control over that area. One such occasion came on May 15, 1948; a day after the foundation of the state of Israel an invasion of Iraq, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Jordan, and Syria took place. Israel, due to better organization, training and morale managed to hold out to the attacks and even take over some territory. When fighting stopped in January 1949, "Israel held the 5,600 square miles allotted to it by the UN partition plan plus an addition 2,500 square miles. Transjordan held the eastern sector of Jerusalem and the West Bank and Egypt held the Gaza Strip."[3][3] This victory furthermore increased Israeli nationalism feeling, by that causing many Israeli people to feel superior to the populace of the Arab states around them, and will to take over more territory surfaced. ...read more.

Conclusion

The events of the Middle East throughout the 20th century can be all traced back to the basic effects of nationalism in its various degrees. While nationalism can have a great effects such as raising troop morale, uniting various groups within a country, or even uniting different countries for a common cause, when taken too far it can cause needless conflicts and bloodshed with which were often acquainted in the 20th century middle east. Twentieth century Middle East is a good example of how nationalism was exploited by leaders to unite people for a cause which would otherwise seem irrational. Nationalism was the force fueling Middle Eastern politics and which greatly influenced the Middle East in the 20th century. Nationalism cannot be classified as purely good or bad, but looking at the events, which took place in the 20th century I would have to say it was both; the only definite thing I could say about nationalism is that it had a very substantial effect on the Middle East and the rest of the world. _______________________ [4][1] Rashid Khalidi. "The Emergence of Nationalism in the Modern Middle East." [5]http://www.fathom.com/feature/122281 [6][2] "Before the Creation of the State of Israel" [7]http://www.adl.org/ISRAEL/Record/conflicts.asp [3] "Before the Creation of the State of Israel" [8]http://www.adl.org/ISRAEL/Record/48war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. The Lebanon Civil War: Syria’s Role in Lebanon

    They were financed and supported by foreign Arabian and other countrie.Those had some reflection of permanent division in the Arabian world. Lebanon's people become aware that the negotiation between nations is the only way for resolving their conflicts and permanent crises in their society as well as key for eliminating many accumulated problems.

  2. Why is it difficult to keep peace talks going in the Middle East?

    It left a large number of Palestinian Arabs as second class citizens in an alien state. 4) It drove the Palestinians to form their own resistance organisations dedicated to opposing the Israelis by any means possible, including terrorism 5)

  1. Palestinian Middle East

    Having made one promise to the Arabs, Britain also supported the establishment of a Jewish settlement in Palestine. The Arabs accepted British promises and raised an army to fight the Turks. By 1918, the Arab and British forces defeated Turks.

  2. Why was the State of Israel successfully established in 1948?

    Despite America's misgivings, the Zionists were aware that the Jewish movement had become so strong that only a considerably stronger

  1. How far is religion the main cause of the conflict in the Middle East ...

    Turkey declared war on Britain in 1914, they feared the vital oil supplies would be cut off from Persia. Prior to this Britain and Turkey had been allies against Russia. So Britain lead by Sir Henry McMahon decided to enlist the help of the Arabs.

  2. Palestinian refugee problem - source related study

    Source A isn't very useful, because it focuses on the Israeli attack on Deir Yassin, and blames this attack for the growing Palestinian refugee problem, without taking a look at the wider conflict. Source B is an Israeli view of the Arab exodus from Palestine in 1948.

  1. Assess the effectiveness of the Arab and Israeli peace initiatives from the 1970s to ...

    Under American pressure, Prime Minister Shamir presented his own four-point plan as a response to Aragat's November 1988 diplomatic bombshell. Rejecting the notion of direct Israeli negotiations with the PLO, Shamir proposed that elections be held in territories under Israeli supervision to determine who should negotiate with Israel for the Palestinians over the future of the occupied territories.

  2. Middle east conflict - There have been several attempts to bring peace to this ...

    This is why most terrorism happens in these areas, in order to "scare" the Israelis into defeat. A Recent example of this was in October 2003 when the Israelis launched a tender for the construction of 550 new homes in the Jewish section of the West Bank- there was much

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work