• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Pol

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐How is Federalism enshrined in the Constitution? Federalism is the idea that there are two separate forms of government, one on a national level and one for each individual state with the power of governance divided between them. The ?founding fathers? wanted to ensure that this system continued in the US and that neither sector became much more powerful than the other. They wanted to create a system in which the rights of the individual states were protected but the central government was strong enough to bring the country together in order to function as a whole. To do this federalism has been enshrined into the US constitution, even though it does not mention the word in the constitution, largely due to the 10th amendment. This amendment gives all powers which have not been mentioned as powers of the central, national government mainly in Article 1 of the Constitution, referred to as the enumerated powers, to the individual states. This is a key part of federalism as the states themselves are able to make laws for their population rather than have to follow those set out by the national government. ...read more.

Middle

The Electoral College is also made up from delegates from different states who then vote on who would be President. This shows that the states do have some power when it comes to choosing the members of the federal government. Explain the nature of Federalism under Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama. Much against common thought at the time, due mainly to the Republican and Bush?s view on states? rights and on decentralisation, and given the fact that Bush had previously been a state governer, the eight years during which George W. Bush was president saw a further expansion of the federal government and the imposition of the federal government policies and demands on the states through such laws as the No Child Left Behind and the Real ID Acts. Before Bush?s presidency had been the height of ?New Federalism?, something which was largely championed by the Republican Party, especially by Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan. This was largely due to the changing views on the feral-state relationship and even resulted in Bill Clinton saying that ?The era of big government is over? in his 1996 State of the Union Address. ...read more.

Conclusion

Whilst it was surprising the Bush?s presidency saw an expansion of the powers of the central government, it is not surprising that during Obama?s presidency the role of the federal government increased as he leans towards the liberal side of the Democrats. One of the biggest and most controversial reforms implemented under Obama time as President has been the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, which is given the name ObamaCare. Obama?s administration has also sought to restrict the powers of the states in other ways as well, for example in its legal action against Arizona over its new laws over immigrants. Under Obama?s stimulus package more money has been given to the states than most other stimulus packages that were set up prior to his presidency. It also needs to be noted that this increase in state funding has also increasingly become in the form of block grants rather, were the states are able to choose how the funds are spent specifically rather than having to listen to the federal government?s plans for what they must do with their money. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United States section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United States essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Outline how and why federalism has changed since the 1960s.

    5 star(s)

    Hurricane Katrina also cost the federal government billions thus increasing the federal power. Now with President Obama, many people still argue that there will be much more involvement of the federal government. He has passed many bills which interfere with the states rights, such as stem cell legislation and his efforts with abortion legislation.

  2. "What Factors contribute to a 'Failed' presidency? Illustrate your answer with examples from the ...

    The key is to defend your own party but at the same time not place your party label under unnecessary pressure. Successful presidents are judged in terms of how successful they are in leading Congress, they need their goals to be accomplished by getting their bills passed through by Congress.

  1. Using Suetonius and Res Gestae, assess how effective Octavian was in enlisting Senatorial Support ...

    Over the past 10 years relationships between the triumvirs had degenerated. The Empire had been split between Anthony and Octavian. Anthony had, in the 'Donations of Alexandria' effectively declared his attempts to make Alexandria the Capital of the Roman Empire, at least in the publics' view.

  2. How is Britain's constitution changing in the 21st century?

    The next decades are crucial in determining Britain's role in Europe, and the future of the British constitution as we know it. A European Constitution Enlargement of the EU has illuminated the question of a European constitution. In the past year this has seriously been contemplated, and obviously has serious implications for the future of the British constitution.

  1. Year 2000, Why An Electoral College?

    Many years after the Convention, Professor Lucas Wilmerding asserted that "the mode adopted was considered by the Founding Fathers an equivalent to an election by the people". He also observed that the electors "were never meant to choose the President but only to pronounce the votes of the people"(Glennon 9).

  2. Regulation in the Banking Business and Its Effects

    The principal supervisory tools of the OCC are on-site examination and ongoing analysis of national bank operations. The OCC issues rules and regulations concerning bank lending, bank investment, and other aspects of bank operations. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

  1. Discuss the view that the presidency is not a powerful office

    Also financial regulation and legislation over gays in the military would suggest that despite the apparent restraints of legislative powers of the president, that they can be effective in this area, and thus supports the view of a powerful office.

  2. Mitt Romney and Barack Obama both have different viewpoints and proposals when it comes ...

    Businesses received $140 billion in tax cuts for capital improvements and $80 billion in research and development tax credits. But despite these tax cuts, unemployment remained at 9% throughout 2011. ?On Feb. 13, President Obama issued a budget plan that included job-creation initiatives for infrastructure, job-training and innovation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work