• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Presidential Elections

Extracts from this document...


Presidential Elections Overview The US presidential election is seen as the election of the world's biggest super power. The presidential election takes place over a year long event in which voters start by having the chance to say who they would like to see as the major parties' candidates. Issues such as democracy, campaign finance and the role of the media are raised. There is also the question of how a system devised more than 2 centuries ago as an indirect election has been adapted to become a direct election and questions were also raised when in 2000 a candidate won the presidential election despite receiving less votes than their opponent. 1. When do presidential elections occur? A president serves for 4 years. This is a fixed term, meaning that the president serves for 4 years until the next election. A president can serve a maximum of 2 terms. The fact that there is a presidential election every four years is laid down in article 2 of the constitution. But federal law goes even further and states the election shall be held on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November every fourth year. 2. What are the requirements for presidential candidates? To run as a presidential candidate there are a number of requirements which include being a natural born American, being at least thirty-five years old. ...read more.


This is evident by the huge news coverage of the American elections from all over the globe but especially in America where the main news papers run their own opinion-editorial pages regularly. Many TV programs run 24 hour a day news coverage on the elections as well as political comment programmes as well as the above mentioned chat show phenomenon. As well as this Americans are heavily influenced by things such as political commercials due to the TV culture that has developed in America, and lastly televised debates can have a large effect on the presidential elections they have however been criticized as often style is more important than substance in many of these debates. 5. What factors explain voting behaviour? 50% of the American population that are eligible to vote, exercise this right and their votes are influenced by a number of factors. > Party Affiliation - Despite all that has been said about the weakness of the US party system. Statistics show that it does have an influence on the overall election. "11 out of the 13 elections from 1952 to 2000 have been won by the party that managed to gain the highest level of support from its own identifiers" > Gender - Statistics have shown that in nine out of the ten elections between 1964 and 2000 woman were significantly more supportive of the democrat candidate than men. ...read more.


7. What happens if a president dies in office? If a president dies in office, then the vice president automatically takes over, for example, when President Kennedy was assassinated in November 1963, Vice President Lyndon Johnson automatically became president and completed the remaining of Kennedy's term, which was held in 1964. 8. Presidential elections can be split into four stages; > Primaries and Caucuses - These allow people to show popular support for candidates and delegates are selected to attend National Party Conventions. They are usually held in Late January - early June > National Party Conventions - These are held so that presidential and vice presidential candidates can be selected and a party platform can be decided upon. These are usually held in July/August and they last about 4 days. > General Election Campaign - This is the campaign between the chosen candidates of various parties and lasts from September through to the first week of November. > Election day and Electoral College - This is the election of the president and vice president and usually is held from November/December Individuals vote for who should be president, which means they vote directly for their executive, unlike in Britain, where the leader of the party with a majority is put in charge. In America the Electoral College then rubber stamps this with delegates voting as well. ?? ?? ?? ?? 24/09/2009 James Windsor 13TU2 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United States section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United States essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Consider the view that the arguments for having an electoral college to elect the ...

    5 star(s)

    Hardly very democratic? The same can be said to ring true now as California and Texas' huge populations would easily undermine the tiny populations of Wyoming and Alaska, squashing their votes if a new system based directly on the popular vote was initiated.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Why are US presidential elections so long ?

    4 star(s)

    Before the final party campaign trail however, is the first of the official election processes', the primary season. In order to allow time for the final big push before the election, the primary season is usually towards the begging of the year, kicking off in late January.

  1. Why Has It proved So Difficult To Reform Campaign Finance

    Contributions from foreign nationals were also banned. However, loopholes were found in the law, and FECA and the BCRA were chipped away.

  2. Consider whether the growth of primary elections in the Presidential nomination process has reduced ...

    Today, the primaries are an increasingly strong indicator in deciding who should be a party's presidential candidate. One such indication is that of delegates: throughout the primary process, candidates pick up delegates in the different states. Delegates pledge to vote for that candidate in the balloting at the National Nominating Conventions, thus giving a clear indicator beforehand of potential victors.

  1. Explain the significance of the New Hampshire Primary and the Iowa Caucus in the ...

    The results from the Iowa caucus tell a candidate whether his or her platform is desirable or not, it is the first chance for a campaign to find out if its message is affecting voters. As previously mentioned, New Hampshire state law says that New Hampshire must be the first state to hold a primary.

  2. Assess the significance of race, gender and religion as factors influencing US voting behaviour. ...

    Despite the Democrats being seen as the party of the poor, Ashbee notes that ?in 2004, many white men in the lowest income groupings voted to re-elect President Bush.? This suggests that race is more of an important factor when deciding what party to vote for, than income.

  1. Evaluate the role of Televised debates in US presidential campaigns

    For all of their hype, the debates have only rarely provided moments of vintage political theatre or been significant in shaping the outcome of the race. Two exceptions stand out. The first was in the debate held on 28th October 1980 in Cleveland Ohio, between President Jimmy Carter and his Republican challenger, Ronald Reagan.

  2. Discuss the view that the Electoral College should be reformed.

    A prime example of this is California and Wyoming. In the most recent Presidential election of 2012, California had 55 Electoral College votes, representing its 34 million inhabitants. This contrasts greatly to the less densely populated state of Wyoming. Wyoming has three Electoral College votes to represent its population of half a million.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work