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Pressure Groups

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Introduction

Pressures groups definitely strengthen the concept of democracy, they in affect minimise particular anomalies within the system. It is because of this I believe them to be an asset rather than a hiderance to the democratic process. A chief strength of pressure groups is that they allow participation between elections, they keep politicians in touch with public opinion between elections which can be up to five years. For ordinary citizens pressure groups are the vehicle which gives them a means of influencing politicians in between general elections and ensuring that governments are kept aware of the issues that people are most concerned about. Pressure groups increase social cohesion and political stability by providing a safety valve outlet for individual collective grievances and demands. Pressure Groups give a voice to minority groups, they offer protection to minorities who might otherwise be overlooked or discriminated against. In this respect pressure groups can provide a valuable counterweight to the tyranny of the majority People whom act with like minded fellow citizens are more likely to be listened to than if they acted as isolated individuals. ...read more.

Middle

An example of the pervious is the scandalas lack of parental rights that is attributed to fathers in the family courts, this injustice was advocated by the disbanded pressure group Fathers for justice. Regarding the pluralist model of democracy pressure groups play a vital role. Pressure groups unlike political parties cannot provide adequate representation for the full range of diverse interests and opinions in a modern democracy, because their key function is to aggregate interests into a coherent political entity capable of governing the country. Unlike pressure groups, political parties are often preoccupied with winning elections and thus pressure groups are an advantage because they don't seek elections and can therefore focus on the concerns at hand. It is exactly the representation of specialist sectional interests and single issues which give cause for concern, both in terms of methods used to achieve objectives and of the undue power and influence which particular lobbyists can exert. Pressure groups can also be said to provide alternative viewpoints espcialy in a politicial climate where the government is similiar to the officicial oppsition. ...read more.

Conclusion

Pressure groups enable new concerns and issues to reach the political agenda, thereby facilitating social progress and preventing social stagnation. For example, the feminist and environmentalist movements. Pressure groups are a the products of freedom of association, which is a fundamental principle of liberal democracy. Freely operating pressure groups are essential to the effective functioning of liberal democracy in three main ways: they serve as vital intermediary institutions between government and society; they assist in the dispersal of political power; and they provide important counterweights to balance the concentration of power as a result it is rather evident that such a orgainsateion is a advantage and a key ally to democracy. Pressure groups are an essential dimension of any democracy, yet they can endanger democracy if sectional groups undermine the public interest or if the methods they use are corrupt or intimidating In conclustion on balance pressure groups are a excellent tool to democracy and are hence a strength to the democratic practice by on large. ?? ?? ?? ?? In What ways do pressure groups strengthen democracy? ...read more.

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  1. The existence of pressure group makes government more democratic; the activities of pressure groups ...

    group activity, with judges making important decisions regarding policy in a growing number of issue areas. Lobbying occurs on a much larger scale in the USA, and is the main strategy adopted by interest groups. After the Second World War, a larger more active government emerged and the levels of lobbying increased dramatically.

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    In addition pressure groups that attract vast media interest are far more effective at influencing government than others. Once again this can be applied to the Firebrigade Union. Having a well known leader who is always in the governments face also makes some groups more effective than others.

  1. In What Ways Do Pressure Groups Influence The Government? Consequently, Do Pressure Groups Strengthen ...

    They have fewer opportunities to determine the direction of any policies. Examples of this are the CND and the IRA (Irish Republican Army). As types of pressure groups of vary, so does the amount of power each groups has, which is not always determined by what category they are in.

  2. Compare and Contrast Pluralist and Marxist Accounts of Power in the UK and US.

    That is not to say that they exercise the same amount of power, as it is a common mistake to say that pluralists expect all the power brokers in society to have equal influence on policy makers.6 The Marxist approach to the distribution of power in the US and UK reveals a completely different, far more functionalist attitude.

  1. Why are some pressure groups more successful than others?

    Friends of the Earth find themselves regularly consulted on environmental issues, Greenpeace does not. It is also worth noting that professions represented by a multitude of different groups all vying for influence can find the overall message being diluted. Teachers have several different, often conflicting unions, and this weakens their ability to campaign effectively.

  2. LESSON 1: Pressure Groups

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  1. How do British Pressure groups exert influence?

    On the other hand, some cause groups have many members but little influence. For example, in the early 1980s, over 250,000 supporters of CND marched in London on several occasions, but despite this show of popular support, they failed to influence the government's defence policy.

  2. Pressure groups revison notes

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