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Pressure Groups - Exam Questions

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Introduction

PRESSURE GROUPS - EXAM QUESTIONS Distinguish between sectional and promotional pressure group. Sectional groups protect the interests of a section of society and act on their behalf, they are sometimes referred to as 'self interest' groups, some examples of sectional groups include BMA (British medical Association) and the TUC (Trades union congress). However promotional groups promote and argue a cause that is for the greater good - rather than sel interest, examples of promotional groups include Greenpeace U.K, Amnesty international and shelter. What methods do pressure groups employ to influence the political process? When thinking of ways to influence the political process pressure groups have to be careful when discussing tactics. They can either choose to take a direct approach, using direct action which includes demonstrations or they can opt to take action which is not such high profile. Either way pressure groups take action in hope to gain influence in decision making. ...read more.

Middle

Pressure groups do this as they hope that be lobbying the government and M.P's, not only are they working within the political system but they are also hoping that the fact that they have the support of a minister backing them will gain more publicity and affect the governments decision making and will go in their favour. An example of when this has been done before is in 1998 when the league against cruel sports organised a mass lobby of parliament in the hope to promote and persuade the abolition of hunting In order to influence the political process, some pressure groups have been known to go outside of the laws and the formal political processes and take a more direct method to try and promote their cause, examples of this have been when their have been protests against genetically modified food, whereby protestors marched into a field by nights and tore up all sources of G.M crops this was called by the group 'decontamination' other examples of ...read more.

Conclusion

Which party is in government will make a difference as some groups may gain insider status with one party but an outsider status with another, this is not guaranteed though, pressure may fall in and out of favour with the same party over time. The mood of the nation greatly affects the success of a pressure group. A pressure group will have a greater chance of influence if the public support their cause or issue and example of this was the 2000 fuel strikes, this gained the mood of he public and in affect the media, although financially it was not a great success, it was on the scale of the protest and the amount of media coverage and public support. The pressure groups objectives also affect how successful there are, for instance a pressure groups with objective such as Snow Drop campaigning against the use of hand guns will be more successful than a pressure group with more than one objective as it is much easier to work on one issue than five such as Greenpeace. ...read more.

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