• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Pressure Groups - Explain the factors that influence the choice of methods used by different pressure groups

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1. Using examples, distinguish between sectional and promotional pressure groups [5 marks] Sectional groups seek to represent the common interests of a particular section of society; because of this, members of sectional groups are personally concerned with the outcome of the campaign fought by the group because often times it will affect their lives directly?usually professionally or economically?membership is also often restricted. Trade unions are sectional groups because they represent the interests of their membership. Alternatively, promotional groups seek to promote a cause and influence the attitudes of people regarding their cause?which is why they are sometimes called ?cause groups?. Membership isn?t restricted for these groups, it doesn?t matter what backgrounds a person has as long as they believe in the cause of the group?this opens up the possibility of mass membership of these types of group. ...read more.

Middle

decisions; because of this, the choice of methods used by different groups can be seen to be because of their insider/outsider status?insider groups will adopt different tactics to those groups that are on the outside. Insider groups will have access to different methods than outsider groups do. Groups inside the decision making circle have the ability to pressure more directly?for example, they will be able to approach MPs on standing committees to influence their attitude in amending legislation. Another example of how insider groups can use different methods because of their better access is through Private Members Bills; in the UK twenty backbenchers a year are drawn in a ballot for the right to present a Private Member Bill?insider groups will have the access to approach these MPs to introduce or adapt policies for a bill which will benefit their cause or membership. ...read more.

Conclusion

Methods that outsider groups can take include things such as protests?this is a very common method, adopted by many outsider groups. Protests such as the 2010 student protests are an example of how these can be ineffective; as the protests turned violent it squandered the message of the protest because although it showed the passion of the protestors, it also showed that they were willing to cause expenses to need to be paid in lieu of tuition fees rising. Another way outsider groups can act is through boycotts?such as the 2008 Stonewall boycott of Heinz for featuring two men kissing in an advert; however these might not be effective because other individuals may still participate and the impact of the boycott may not be felt. Page of ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Pressure Groups section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Pressure Groups essays

  1. Sectional and promotional pressure groups.

    In return, these groups have an input into the making of decisions, and they also receive financial contributions direct from the government. Pressure groups can use a variety of different methods to influence law. Firstly, it can merely inform legislators of its member's preferences.

  2. Revision notes on pressure groups

    disruption and inconvenience * Lets the government know that there's a significant amount of people out there who support a specific issue * By pressuring the government or certain companies, they may feel that they should give in to their demands * But many believe protests are useless, they have

  1. The existence of pressure group makes government more democratic; the activities of pressure groups ...

    The business lobby is particularly influential in the USA as they possess so much money, and both the Democrats and the Republicans are vulnerable to big businesses, this is a threat to democracy. For example, the British American Tobacco in 1998 spent $25 million on lobbying as Congress were considering

  2. Discuss why pressure groups are sometimes criticised.

    Often the numbers that are used by pressure groups are incorrect, as they are missing out parts data and are done to prove a point rather than to show the truth. They are there to promote the causes of the group and the views of its' members.

  1. 'The existence of pressure groups makes government more democratic; the activities of pressure groups ...

    Therefore directing efforts to the EU could be seen as a double-edged sword. Ultimately the government may not have the power to help them regardless of if it wanted to.

  2. How do British Pressure groups exert influence?

    This means that they can gain easy access to the decision makers and therefore put forward their case directly. Generally, they abide by the 'rules of the game'. For example, they tend to respect confidences and not to make public attacks on ministers.

  1. Pressure Groups

    On the flip side indirect methods concentrate more of whipping up support for a specific cause. These methods range from writing to local MP's to distributing leaflets through letterboxes. A rising form of indirect action is the use of the internet.

  2. Pressure groups revison notes

    Developed by Wyn Grant in the 1990s 2. PROBLEM- both types of classification are not perfect- eg: insider/outside model addresses some of these weaknesses but ignores that fact that many groups operate as both- eg: Amnesty International (Ideological outsider) have influenced the gov and UN, therefore they have changed from insiders to outsiders and back 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work