Pressure Groups - Explain the factors that influence the choice of methods used by different pressure groups

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

1. Using examples, distinguish between sectional and promotional pressure groups [5 marks] Sectional groups seek to represent the common interests of a particular section of society; because of this, members of sectional groups are personally concerned with the outcome of the campaign fought by the group because often times it will affect their lives directlyâusually professionally or economicallyâmembership is also often restricted. Trade unions are sectional groups because they represent the interests of their membership. Alternatively, promotional groups seek to promote a cause and influence the attitudes of people regarding their causeâwhich is why they are sometimes called âcause groupsâ. Membership isnât restricted for these groups, it doesnât matter what backgrounds a person has as long as they believe in the cause of the groupâthis opens up the possibility of mass membership of these types of group.

Middle

decisions; because of this, the choice of methods used by different groups can be seen to be because of their insider/outsider statusâinsider groups will adopt different tactics to those groups that are on the outside. Insider groups will have access to different methods than outsider groups do. Groups inside the decision making circle have the ability to pressure more directlyâfor example, they will be able to approach MPs on standing committees to influence their attitude in amending legislation. Another example of how insider groups can use different methods because of their better access is through Private Members Bills; in the UK twenty backbenchers a year are drawn in a ballot for the right to present a Private Member Billâinsider groups will have the access to approach these MPs to introduce or adapt policies for a bill which will benefit their cause or membership.

Conclusion

Methods that outsider groups can take include things such as protestsâthis is a very common method, adopted by many outsider groups. Protests such as the 2010 student protests are an example of how these can be ineffective; as the protests turned violent it squandered the message of the protest because although it showed the passion of the protestors, it also showed that they were willing to cause expenses to need to be paid in lieu of tuition fees rising. Another way outsider groups can act is through boycottsâsuch as the 2008 Stonewall boycott of Heinz for featuring two men kissing in an advert; however these might not be effective because other individuals may still participate and the impact of the boycott may not be felt. Page of

The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Over 180,000 student essays
  • Every subject and level covered
  • Thousands of essays marked by teachers

Related AS and A Level Pressure Groups

  1. How Do Pressure Groups Exert Influence And Which Pressure Groups Are The Most Powerful?

    Stonewall Stonewall was founded in 1989 by a small group of women and men who had been active in the struggle against Section 28 of the Local Government Act. The aim was to create a create a professional lobbying group that would pave the way for change Section 28 was

  2. Revision notes on pressure groups

    disruption and inconvenience * Lets the government know that there's a significant amount of people out there who support a specific issue * By pressuring the government or certain companies, they may feel that they should give in to their demands * But many believe protests are useless, they have

  1. Sectional pressure groups are ones that aim to represent the common interests of a ...

    It is important to note that it is not always the pressure groups that approach parties. Some times if a party wants a particular policy to be supported, the party will approach the particular pressure group. One way in which pressure groups can challenge and sometimes overturn a government decision is to take action in the courts.

  2. Pressure groups revison notes

    Self interested 9. eg: NSPCC and MIND 1. Promotional/Issue/Cause: 1. Often known as 'public interest groups' 2. Campaign for a particular cause or objective 3. Seek broader membership and do not necessarily stand to benefit from their campaigns eg: NSPCC and Age Concern 4. Specific aims with specific cause 5.

  1. Democratic features of pressure groups

    Groups such a Shelter and Mind, campaign for the homeless and the mentally ill, two sections of society who are not particularly affluent, vocal or able to influence the government themselves. These pressure groups raise the public profile on issues which could be otherwise ignored.

  2. Sectional and promotional pressure groups.

    They are sometimes able to gather sufficient support to force government to amend or even scrap legislation. Pressure groups also provide a means of participation in local politics between elections. For example, in 1994 the A452 Co-ordination Group campaigned to block plans by Warwickshire County Council to make the A452 a dual carriageway.

  1. How do British Pressure groups exert influence?

    This means that they can gain easy access to the decision makers and therefore put forward their case directly. Generally, they abide by the 'rules of the game'. For example, they tend to respect confidences and not to make public attacks on ministers.

  2. A Cabinet Minister once described Pressure Groups as Creatures which strangle efficient government. Discuss ...

    many groups who helped ban smoking in all public spaces- have helped educate the public on many other issues. Others include the RSPCA who have helped keep the protection of living animals at the front of public opinion and also have made sure particular bills have been put into practice and also made law.

  • Over 180,000 essays
    written by students
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to write
    your own great essays

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.