• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Pressure Groups - Explain the factors that influence the choice of methods used by different pressure groups

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1. Using examples, distinguish between sectional and promotional pressure groups [5 marks] Sectional groups seek to represent the common interests of a particular section of society; because of this, members of sectional groups are personally concerned with the outcome of the campaign fought by the group because often times it will affect their lives directlyâusually professionally or economicallyâmembership is also often restricted. Trade unions are sectional groups because they represent the interests of their membership. Alternatively, promotional groups seek to promote a cause and influence the attitudes of people regarding their causeâwhich is why they are sometimes called âcause groupsâ. Membership isnât restricted for these groups, it doesnât matter what backgrounds a person has as long as they believe in the cause of the groupâthis opens up the possibility of mass membership of these types of group. ...read more.

Middle

decisions; because of this, the choice of methods used by different groups can be seen to be because of their insider/outsider statusâinsider groups will adopt different tactics to those groups that are on the outside. Insider groups will have access to different methods than outsider groups do. Groups inside the decision making circle have the ability to pressure more directlyâfor example, they will be able to approach MPs on standing committees to influence their attitude in amending legislation. Another example of how insider groups can use different methods because of their better access is through Private Members Bills; in the UK twenty backbenchers a year are drawn in a ballot for the right to present a Private Member Billâinsider groups will have the access to approach these MPs to introduce or adapt policies for a bill which will benefit their cause or membership. ...read more.

Conclusion

Methods that outsider groups can take include things such as protestsâthis is a very common method, adopted by many outsider groups. Protests such as the 2010 student protests are an example of how these can be ineffective; as the protests turned violent it squandered the message of the protest because although it showed the passion of the protestors, it also showed that they were willing to cause expenses to need to be paid in lieu of tuition fees rising. Another way outsider groups can act is through boycottsâsuch as the 2008 Stonewall boycott of Heinz for featuring two men kissing in an advert; however these might not be effective because other individuals may still participate and the impact of the boycott may not be felt. Page of ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Pressure Groups section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Pressure Groups essays

  1. Sectional and promotional pressure groups.

    In return, these groups have an input into the making of decisions, and they also receive financial contributions direct from the government. Pressure groups can use a variety of different methods to influence law. Firstly, it can merely inform legislators of its member's preferences.

  2. How Do Pressure Groups Exert Influence And Which Pressure Groups Are The Most Powerful?

    Stonewall Stonewall was founded in 1989 by a small group of women and men who had been active in the struggle against Section 28 of the Local Government Act. The aim was to create a create a professional lobbying group that would pave the way for change Section 28 was

  1. Revision notes on pressure groups

    * E.g. Legalise Cannabis Alliance in 2005 contested 21 constituencies but gaining at most 1.8% of the vote in 1 constituency. * Parties and pressure groups may form part of larger social movements, such as the green movement being

  2. Sectional pressure groups are ones that aim to represent the common interests of a ...

    Legal actions are costly and long; however, pressure groups have now been using this method even more. A few of the larger pressure groups now have a legal representative or department. The cost of taking legal action means that, in general, the courts are only used as a last resort when all other methods have been unsuccessful.

  1. The existence of pressure group makes government more democratic; the activities of pressure groups ...

    In the USA, the separation of powers system and the decentralised structure has provided many access points for groups to seek influence.3 Lobbyists target all three branches of government; the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary. Although congressmen are the main target, the courts have become a focus for pressure

  2. How do British Pressure groups exert influence?

    and Greenpeace. Some cause groups have few members but exert a great deal of influence. For example, Liberty is a group with 5,000 members who successful priority is put whose pressure on the Labour Party, in opposition and in government, to incorporate the European Convention on Human Rights into UK law.

  1. A Cabinet Minister once described Pressure Groups as Creatures which strangle efficient government. Discuss ...

    As a result, pressure groups can protest near Parliament and so raise awareness of a particular point. An example of this would be the marches right across the country in protest of the war in Iraq. As a result, the politicians in Parliament couldnât not see that public opinion was

  2. Pressure groups revison notes

    May be 'restricted interest groups', only taking members from those whose interests are being pursued eg: TUs, AA, CBI etc 7. May be 'cause' groups open to all concerned- restricted interest eg: Unions, BMA, AA, RAC, Amnesty International, Age Concern, Child Poverty Action Group 8.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work