• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Primary elections in the USA are used to decide the candidates for each political party in the upcoming general election.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Primary Elections Primary elections in the USA are used to decide the candidates for each political party in the upcoming general election. Delegates are chosen from each state to go to the National Convention, where each party officially nominates their candidate, and are required by law to support the winner of the primary at the convention. In the case of Presidential primary elections, campaigning often begins a year or more before the first primary, held in New Hampshire, almost two years before the presidential election. New Hampshire's Primary by tradition is always the first, it is held two weeks after the Iowa caucus, in January of the presidential election year, after Iowa and New Hampshire, primaries and caucuses are held in the other states. The New Hampshire primary has become one of the key events every election year; the candidate who wins the primary has more chance of becoming elected, due to an influx of money and increased support. Until Bill Clinton in 1992 no one who had lost New Hampshire had been elected. ...read more.

Middle

The process remained far from democratic, the convention was a scene of intrigue among political bosses, who appointed and otherwise controlled nearly all of the delegates. A few, mostly Western states adopted primary elections in the late 19th century, but the major change came about due to the Democrats humiliation after riots at the convention in Chicago. Anti-war supporters were unhappy with the Democrat candidate for Vice President, Hubert Humphrey, who had not competed in a single primary but controlled enough delegates to win the nomination. Shortly after the riot the Democratic Party appointed a commission to select a new, less controversial method of choosing candidates. The commission settled on the primary election, adopted by the Democratic National Committee in 1968 and the Republican Party in 1972. Although the system of primary elections is considerably more democratic than previously it can still be criticised. For example Primary Elections are seen by some as a waste of precious money that could be put to better use in the General Election. Effectively candidates have to campaign twice in order to become elected, with the added disadvantage of any election being costly, candidates will ...read more.

Conclusion

This has made the system unjust and consequently states have started to compete for earlier primaries in order to have greater influence on the choice of candidate. As a result the majority of the Primaries take place during a short space of time from January to March instead of March to July. The shorter time span of the elections limits the ability of lesser-known candidates to gather resources and gain recognition among voters, especially when a better-known candidate enjoys extensive financial backing. A few reforms have been suggested to improve the imbalance in the current system; one such suggestion includes grouping the states by size into four groups with the smallest primaries first, then the next-smallest, and so on. However this would have meant the bigger states would always have been scheduled for late in election season and it could potentially create high travel costs for the candidates. Another alternative would be a National Primary but as previously stated requiring candidates to campaign in every state simultaneously would only aggravate problem of campaigns being dominated by the candidates who raise the most money. Charlotte - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. Razzledazzle[1]: The Mexican President

    In addition, some might assert admiration for the well- crafted production. All sectors of the party, when necessary were sufficiently mobile and accountable to prevent elite divisions and rupture. Corruption was well ingrained to guarantee continuity and complicity. Ironically, it is possible to describe the presidential narrative in a circular way.

  2. Accounts for the changes in voting behaviour in the last 30 years in UK ...

    The spread of home and share ownership and the increase in the availability of consumer durables blurred the distinction between the skilled working class and sections of the middle class. Most (though not all) commentators agreed that this led to a loosening of traditional ties with parties.

  1. To what extent do recent elections in the UK and the USA support the ...

    "Voters are becoming more ambivalent towards their parties." (S.Maisel, 2001: 57) We can see that those who are 'very strong' supporters of parties are becoming fewer. The other determinate of dealignment in voting was whether there was an increase in those who were independent of any party affiliation.

  2. Extent of key political ideas in directly influencing change and development .

    Therefore, it could be said that such ideas made the rise of Hitler and Mussolini inevitable Many factors, least not the appeal of Fascism itself contributed to Mussolini's rise to power after WW1. Communism, was clearly important, even thought the challenge from the left was effectively weak with short- lived ineffectual strikes.

  1. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the system of choosing presidential candidates.

    The caucus system propounds the strength of the Party elite who have an overriding influence as to who is chosen. As Ragsdale observed (1993, p.95), the system tended to be dominated and controlled by party bosses, as "deals were cut in smoke-filled rooms," rather than by ordinary rank-and-file members.

  2. Analysis of Party Electoral Communications in the 1997 UK General Election.

    Key concepts that relate to this case study include: Politics and Communication - a general exploration of how politics and communication are entwined Mass Media and Politics - how was the mass media used in this campaign? Voting & the electoral system - how the ways people voted contributed to

  1. Was Gorbachev mistaken in trying to carry out economic and political reforms simultaneously?

    the importance of local Soviets, which had provided the thrust for the revolution in 1917. The Soviets were now to accommodate worker's complaints and served an economic purpose in allocating funds and co-ordinating the service sector on a more localised basis.

  2. Have village elections democratized rural China?

    Once these committees had been set-up the villagers would then be able to voice their opinions on issues affecting them. Critics of the Chinese government have suggested that the introduction of the Organic Law by the Chinese government was actually just an effort to eradicate their poor image with regards to human rights issues.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work