• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Prime Minister and Cabinet: What type of Government exists in the UK?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Hina Safdar Prime Minister and Cabinet: What type of Government exists in the UK? Question a Explain the term Cabinet Office used in the extract. The extract shows that the Cabinet office is used for administration and implementation purposes. It supports the prime Minister in leading the government. It supports the Government in transacting it business. Its implementation roles include helping to deliver key service priorities, leading the reform programme for public services. And it also co- ordinates security, intelligence and civil contingencies matters to protect the UK against disruptive challenges. The Cabinet office is headed by the Secretary of the Cabinet, who is a civil servant under the direction of the Prime Minister. At the moment this is Sir Andrew Turnbull. The Cabinet office is made up of three main units; The Cabinet Secretariat, the strategy Unit and the Corporate Development Group. The Cabinet office is directly accountable it the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister has the power to change the office roles and units. The Cabinet Secretariat prepares agendas for meetings, does the groundwork for cabinet, prepares there minutes and implements the carrying out of Cabinet decisions through relevant QUANGOs and executive departments. A Cabinet Enforcer, who is a MP directly responsible to the Prime Minister has the task to driver Blair's ideas and wants within the Cabinet Office as a whole. ...read more.

Middle

It is the prime Minister that dominates the policy making process, he is ultimately responsible for all decision. He uses the Kitchen cabinet more often than the real Cabinet and chairs many cabinet committees and therefore gets his point of view across in the more important departments. Department Ministers have to clear all important decisions with the Prime Minister before they can go through to the Cabinet for discussion, so if the Prime Minister does not like a suggestion, he can easily reject it and it will not be discussed in a Cabinet meeting. This is a way for Tony Blair to shut up political heavy weights which go against him. The Prime Minister also has some informal powers, for example he is the party leader, and he has been democratically elected by his own party and therefore has the mandate to implement his policy from the party and the electorate. He is also seen as the national leader and figurehead internationally, especially after September 11th and War against Iraq. He is respected within International Community which increases his authority. Policy advisers can be used instead of ministers. He is able to make governmental policies by using unaccountable policy advisers. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is because he is head of state and has most of the powers that the president has. Also like a US president policy making is much more formulated by the Prime Minister rather than the Cabinet. The use of special advisers is more popular, and media focus is also increased n the Prime Minister rather than the Cabinet ministers. The prime Minister also has more similarities to a President after the Iraq War as he got much more International prestige. Some people decide that Tony Blair is more than even a President; he is seen as a King. This is because there is no written constitution; the Prime Minister is not formally constrained like the President. He can also be seen as the King because he has all power over the Cabinet ministers. He is able to dismiss and move ministers around. He also controls the agenda and therefore can dismiss any topics he does not wish to discuss. Overall I think that Tony Blair, the Prime Minister is in some ways controls parliament but in some ways he is controlled by the Cabinet. I think that this is effective because neither the Prime Minister nor the Cabinet can have too much power. The only way that the Prime Minister can have his own way only is by ignoring his Cabinet Ministers, but then he will be disliked and a leadership contest would be called. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. Comparison of the US President and British Prime Minister.

    It would appear therefore that the only effective formal power, which the President possesses, is that of veto. This, though subject to overturn by the 2/3 majority of both Houses, is a very effective power in legislating. Clinton, for example, used 17 vetoes between 1993 and 97 with great success, having none overturned.

  2. The comparison of the US President and the British Prime Minister appears from the ...

    making, but has been manipulated by many prime Ministers to silence dissent as those who refuse to do so are forced into resignation. The American President may, if he so wishes, use alternative sources of information apart from his cabinet, namely EXOP or the Independent Executive Agencies, which are contained within the Bureaucracy.

  1. The relationship between the Prime Minister and Cabinet.

    He also has other patronage powers, for example appointing chairmen of commissions, recommending knighthood, peerages and sundry other awards. A second power that the Prime Minister has is with Cabinet Direction. He can choose to have meetings whenever he wishes, which nowadays is often less than an hour a week.

  2. To what extent does the prime minister dominate the UK political system?

    Despite the largest backbench rebellion since World War II with 139 backbenchers voting against the Government, Blair did not change his mind. Blair also had to convince Parliament, who thought the war would be illegal. Seeking legal advice from Lord Goldsmith, Blair is on record as saying ''I can't go back to cabinet with that!''

  1. To what extent does the Prime Minister dominate the political system in the UK?

    Miliband, foreign secretary as he hadn't opposed him in the 2007 Labour leader election. This means that before a prime minister starts out there are a lot of people already awaiting seats in the government. Most of the sources listed above as power, can be seen as negatives, when flipped upside down.

  2. Arguments that the British Prime Minister is an elective dictator are arrant nonsense. The ...

    The doctrine of collective responsibility, whereby decisions and policies of the cabinet are binding on all members of the government who must support them in public, helps to reinforce the powers of the Prime Minister. This refers to the principle that decisions of the cabinet or Prime Minister are binding

  1. Free essay

    Identify and Discuss the Role of Prime Minister, Giving Specific Examples within the British ...

    Many of the policies that emerged during her premiership were identified as hers not as policies of the conservative party. Some academics have even ventured as far as to say that the role of British Prime Minister has become more presidential.

  2. Does the UK have a Prime Ministerial government?

    to make his own personal policy which was shown in the defeat he suffered over the gurka bill in 2008 which once again shows the restraint that public support and parliamentary majority has on a Prime Ministers power. Which shows the PM not to be an all dominant figure in

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work