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Prime Minister and Cabinet: What type of Government exists in the UK?

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Hina Safdar Prime Minister and Cabinet: What type of Government exists in the UK? Question a Explain the term Cabinet Office used in the extract. The extract shows that the Cabinet office is used for administration and implementation purposes. It supports the prime Minister in leading the government. It supports the Government in transacting it business. Its implementation roles include helping to deliver key service priorities, leading the reform programme for public services. And it also co- ordinates security, intelligence and civil contingencies matters to protect the UK against disruptive challenges. The Cabinet office is headed by the Secretary of the Cabinet, who is a civil servant under the direction of the Prime Minister. At the moment this is Sir Andrew Turnbull. The Cabinet office is made up of three main units; The Cabinet Secretariat, the strategy Unit and the Corporate Development Group. The Cabinet office is directly accountable it the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister has the power to change the office roles and units. The Cabinet Secretariat prepares agendas for meetings, does the groundwork for cabinet, prepares there minutes and implements the carrying out of Cabinet decisions through relevant QUANGOs and executive departments. A Cabinet Enforcer, who is a MP directly responsible to the Prime Minister has the task to driver Blair's ideas and wants within the Cabinet Office as a whole. ...read more.


It is the prime Minister that dominates the policy making process, he is ultimately responsible for all decision. He uses the Kitchen cabinet more often than the real Cabinet and chairs many cabinet committees and therefore gets his point of view across in the more important departments. Department Ministers have to clear all important decisions with the Prime Minister before they can go through to the Cabinet for discussion, so if the Prime Minister does not like a suggestion, he can easily reject it and it will not be discussed in a Cabinet meeting. This is a way for Tony Blair to shut up political heavy weights which go against him. The Prime Minister also has some informal powers, for example he is the party leader, and he has been democratically elected by his own party and therefore has the mandate to implement his policy from the party and the electorate. He is also seen as the national leader and figurehead internationally, especially after September 11th and War against Iraq. He is respected within International Community which increases his authority. Policy advisers can be used instead of ministers. He is able to make governmental policies by using unaccountable policy advisers. ...read more.


This is because he is head of state and has most of the powers that the president has. Also like a US president policy making is much more formulated by the Prime Minister rather than the Cabinet. The use of special advisers is more popular, and media focus is also increased n the Prime Minister rather than the Cabinet ministers. The prime Minister also has more similarities to a President after the Iraq War as he got much more International prestige. Some people decide that Tony Blair is more than even a President; he is seen as a King. This is because there is no written constitution; the Prime Minister is not formally constrained like the President. He can also be seen as the King because he has all power over the Cabinet ministers. He is able to dismiss and move ministers around. He also controls the agenda and therefore can dismiss any topics he does not wish to discuss. Overall I think that Tony Blair, the Prime Minister is in some ways controls parliament but in some ways he is controlled by the Cabinet. I think that this is effective because neither the Prime Minister nor the Cabinet can have too much power. The only way that the Prime Minister can have his own way only is by ignoring his Cabinet Ministers, but then he will be disliked and a leadership contest would be called. ...read more.

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