• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Question 1 - Jews and Palestinian beliefs for right to land

Extracts from this document...


Question 1 - Jews and Palestinian beliefs for right to land. The debate between Israeli Jews and Palestinian Arabs over who has the right to a country, now known as Palestine, has raged on for hundreds of years. The Jews were the early occupiers of the land at around 1000BC, with only a few Arabs living harmoniously in the same country. Problems began when the Roman Empire was at its height, Palestine was invaded and the Jews were expelled from their land. This lead to thousands of Jews fleeing to different countries around Europe. The Jews lived around Europe for hundreds of years however in the meantime, the Arab population in Palestine had grown and they eventually filled Palestine. By the 19th century, the Jews had decided to move back into Palestine, but the Jews rejected this as they had been living there for hundred of years. And so the conflict of who had the right to land began. ...read more.


However, the Arabs refused to forfeit their land to Biblical claims, and said that the promise of an ancient kingdom should not hold effect on modern countries. Despite this, between 1880 and 1914, 60,000 Zionists settled in Palestine. During the absence of the Jewish people, the Arab population began to grow until it fully populated the country. They built the foundations for an empire, by creating armies, educating people and becoming rich. By the 8th century, the Arab Empire had been established. During the Middle Ages, whilst countries such as Britain were facing a regression period, the Arab Empire was making great progression, and soon became a world centre of learning. However, the downfall of the Arab Empire occurred during the 11th and 16th century, and they were eventually conquered, and ruled, by the Turks. The Arabs now faced an uphill struggle to regain independence in the Middle East (including Palestine). The turning point in this struggle began when Turkey fought on Germany's side in the First World War against Britain and her allies. ...read more.


This was because Britain believed that Jews that populated America and Russia could influence their government's actions, as Britain wanted support from both of those nations during the war. The declaration was written in a letter to Lord Rothschild, a leading British Jew, in late 1917, it was known as the 'Balfour Declaration' (as it was signed by British Foreign secretary, Lord Balfour), this declaration was seen by Jews as a promise from the British government to set up a Jewish state - in their eyes, giving them the right to Palestinian land. At the end of the war, both the Arabs and Jews believed they had a claim to the land. In 1947 Britain and France decided to pass on the responsibility of picking who should inhabit the land to the League of Nations (now known as the United Nations). They decided to split the land between the two nations, and give Britain rule of Palestine. Jewish immigration increased, and by 1939, 450 thousand Jews populated Palestine. Arabs were infuriated by this and fighting broke out, and thousands of lives were lost. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Free essay

    The State of Irael is not the Promised Land

    because there is around 5 million Jews have re-entered Israel because of the Law of Return. The law of return is evident because it allows for 'any Jew has the right to 'return' to Israel.' therefore is it the idea that the state of Israel can be considered the promised

  2. What are the main differences between the beliefs of Palestinian Arabs and Israeli Jews?The ...

    That was one significant thing for the Palestinians. Their lives were now restricted, they were constantly under heavy police surveillance. Those who didn't live in the occupied territories had to flee to neighbouring Arab states as refugees, 250 000 went to Jordan alone. The Palestinians lost all faith in their support, The Arab states.

  1. History Coursework: The Arab-Israeli Conflict

    It is also most likely to be biased and the citizen has been brought up with this view and never considered or possibly known any other view. From my own knowledge, I know that the intifada had just ended after an attempted peace agreement.

  2. How and why did Zionism change from a passive notion to an active ideology ...

    In a search for answers to deal with the new problems of Judaism from the influence of modernity and secularization, the Jewish people sought different answers. Jews of western Europe who sought to embrace secular life and discard the burdens of their Jewish tradition formed a reform or secularized sect of Judaism and became known as the "Maskilim".

  1. Assess the effectiveness of the Arab and Israeli peace initiatives from the 1970s to ...

    But, "autonomy" was left undefined (and Israeli leader Menachem Begin made it quickly clear afterward that he had no intention of yielding control over the West Bank, only allowing limited "self rule."). The Palestinians, on the other hand, thought the treaty meant statehood.

  2. The land of Israel, home of the holy land Jerusalem, has been around for ...

    capita newspaper readership being one of the highest in the world (Capri 63). Before Israel was established as an independent state in 1948, newspapers were often used as a tool to gain support for various political movements. Newspapers later began to share this responsibility with radio and television after independence had been established.

  1. "What are the long-term Jewish and Palestinian claims to the land of Israel?"

    The Jews also will feel that one of the most godly characters of the Old Testament, such as Moses led them there, so they cannot disobey him, and must settle their. And also knowing that where ever else they go they would face persecution means that they would have to fight for their place in Israel making peace less likely.

  2. The role of International law in regards to The Palestinian Dilemma.

    the basis of vague ethnic assumptions and discriminatory policies along the lines of the legally invalid "Balfour Declaration" and its incorporation into the League of Nations' Mandate. The Palestinians had never been consulted in this process; new political structures had been imposed on them on a de facto basis.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work