• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Question 2 - What factors lead to the breakdown of the 1993 Israeli-Palestinian Peace Deal?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question 2 - What factors lead to the breakdown of the 1993 Israeli-Palestinian Peace Deal? After centuries of raging conflict, a new hope was found. On 13th September 1993, the Israeli Prime Minister, Yitzhak Rabin, and Palestinian President, Yasser Arafat shook hands on a historic peace deal. This deal was based on a 'Land for Peace' agreement - agreeing that the Israelis would get a fair share of land in Palestine, that they lost during the previous two wars that the two nations had had, if they agreed to withdraw its troops from Gaza Strip and West Bank by April 1994, therefore giving the Palestinian security. This deal was welcomed by most of the population of both nations, however, a few Fundamentalists, again from both nations, disagreed. This small minority of people would be the bulk of the problem that would lead to the eventual breakdown of the Peace Deal. In September 1995, the Peace Deal received another boost, when the Oslo II agreement was signed; this meant the complete withdrawal of Israeli forces from Palestinian populated areas, which increased self rule for the Palestinians. The Palestinians were also given responsibility of education and culture, health, welfare, taxation and tourism. Within this, elections were also set to take place on the Gaza Strip and the West Bank for a new Palestinian authority. ...read more.

Middle

Palestinian President Arafat therefore agreed to crack down on terrorist group HAMAS. The Arab nation was disgusted by this agreement, as the amount of land that was given to them was just a fraction of what was first agreed they are, however, pleased at the release of the Palestinian prisoners by the Jews. The Jewish nation was pleased at Arafat's promise to crack down on HAMAS, as that would stop most attacks, therefore making a more secure state. However they were not convinced over his influence he had over groups such as these. The 1993 Peace Deal had now failed, although attempts to salvage a new one had been made, it was nowhere near as good as the first - this caused a lot of conflict. This linked to the same argument that was usually presented - Arabs wanted to gain the land they lost, whilst the Jews wanted security. Soon after, Israel saw Ehud Barak elected as new Prime Minister, he was seen to be a tough character, but also willing to compromise. This news was given a positive reaction by people from both nations, as hope of a new deal emerged. The new outlook from the Prime Minister made the new compromise look even more realistic, and the harsh, stubborn days of Netanyahu seemed to be forgotten. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the 11th of November, 2004, the Palestinian President, Yasser Arafat, died aged 75. This was met by devastation from the Palestinians, who had lost their leader of many years, who had supported them through the Peace Deal and the breakdown of it. However, Israelis welcomed this news; Arafat was seen by these as a terrorist, who murdered thousands of their own race. This, again, signified the breakdown of the peace deal, now with none of the original negotiators alive, the deal seemed hopeless. The newly elected Palestinian President, Mahmoud Abbas, sent his security forces into the Gaza Strip, in the hope of curbing militant groups' attacks on Israeli targets. He hoped that, if successful, he could begin a revival of the Middle East Peace Process. This pleased moderate Palestinians and Israelis however, angered fundamentalists from both nations, as moves towards peace and compromising had been made. This inspired them to fight back and continue the conflict. This move, echoes previous conflict of opposition forces moving in onto the same territory, this could spark either peace or violence. To conclude, during my research I have discovered many factors that lead to the eventual breakdown of the 1993 Peace Deal. I believe that opposing opinions of the public lead to the demise of it. The assassination of Prime Minister Rabin echoes this. All of these events show how the people, and eventually governments and nations, refused to compromise their land in exchange for peace. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Why is it difficult to keep peace talks going in the Middle East?

    Economics Israel is wealthy since it has control of others are poor. Recently it has been said on Radio 4 that international involvement in the Middle East has caused many problems than it has solved. Do you agree with this statement?

  2. Terrorism. What is terrorism? 2. Why do terrorists ...

    The terrorist groups share many similarities. The main one would be the fact that almost all of them carry out these acts for a political purpose, and to do this they would most likely want lots of publicity which is why most attacks are carried out in ways that would

  1. What are the main differences between the beliefs of Palestinian Arabs and Israeli Jews?The ...

    Sadat was later assassinated by Egyptian soldiers. They believed that his deal with Israel had disgraced them. Question Three - Previous outbreaks of violence in Palestine/Israel have been followed by peace talks. What problems need to be overcome for the present violence to end peacefully?

  2. World Issues Paper- The Israeli-Palestinian ConflictWhen thinking of terrorist actions, what exactly do you ...

    Secondly, how did this all start? Well, on one side (Israel) of the issue we have those who believe that God has given Palestine to the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, a gift made in perpetuity.

  1. Are suicide bombers psychological disturbed or brainwashed by external forces After the attacks on ...

    This further cements the planning of the attacks and shows it was not Tanweer's pure thoughts that fuelled him to spontaneously commit his own life on board the train. The failed attacks of 21st of July in London also show to use that there is a complex web of sources for the terrorist cells.

  2. Why have attempts to implement the peace settlement of 1993 failed? The long running ...

    The situation is still a long way from being solved The Palestinian economy is almost entirely dependent on Israel, both when it comes to export and import. The primary resource of the Palestinian economy is cheap and well-educated labour and the most important industry is agriculture.

  1. Armed Islamic Group [ Gia ]

    MIA; and another, led by Mansouri Melliane, which were autonomous, nameless groups. After the 1992 events, Melliane's group joined with Mohammed Les Veillets (formerly an FIS member, who later established self-defense groups). The merger created many armed groups which called themselves Islamic, thence the name GIA9.The end of Afghan War

  2. The Syrian Uprising

    Other than that, there is also a very high rate or bribery and fraud in the Syrian Government. The government led by Bashar El Assad has contol over all branches of the government including the military. High Unemployment: The increasing rate of unemployment has also displeased the Syrian people which

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work