• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Question 2 - What factors lead to the breakdown of the 1993 Israeli-Palestinian Peace Deal?

Extracts from this document...


Question 2 - What factors lead to the breakdown of the 1993 Israeli-Palestinian Peace Deal? After centuries of raging conflict, a new hope was found. On 13th September 1993, the Israeli Prime Minister, Yitzhak Rabin, and Palestinian President, Yasser Arafat shook hands on a historic peace deal. This deal was based on a 'Land for Peace' agreement - agreeing that the Israelis would get a fair share of land in Palestine, that they lost during the previous two wars that the two nations had had, if they agreed to withdraw its troops from Gaza Strip and West Bank by April 1994, therefore giving the Palestinian security. This deal was welcomed by most of the population of both nations, however, a few Fundamentalists, again from both nations, disagreed. This small minority of people would be the bulk of the problem that would lead to the eventual breakdown of the Peace Deal. In September 1995, the Peace Deal received another boost, when the Oslo II agreement was signed; this meant the complete withdrawal of Israeli forces from Palestinian populated areas, which increased self rule for the Palestinians. The Palestinians were also given responsibility of education and culture, health, welfare, taxation and tourism. Within this, elections were also set to take place on the Gaza Strip and the West Bank for a new Palestinian authority. ...read more.


Palestinian President Arafat therefore agreed to crack down on terrorist group HAMAS. The Arab nation was disgusted by this agreement, as the amount of land that was given to them was just a fraction of what was first agreed they are, however, pleased at the release of the Palestinian prisoners by the Jews. The Jewish nation was pleased at Arafat's promise to crack down on HAMAS, as that would stop most attacks, therefore making a more secure state. However they were not convinced over his influence he had over groups such as these. The 1993 Peace Deal had now failed, although attempts to salvage a new one had been made, it was nowhere near as good as the first - this caused a lot of conflict. This linked to the same argument that was usually presented - Arabs wanted to gain the land they lost, whilst the Jews wanted security. Soon after, Israel saw Ehud Barak elected as new Prime Minister, he was seen to be a tough character, but also willing to compromise. This news was given a positive reaction by people from both nations, as hope of a new deal emerged. The new outlook from the Prime Minister made the new compromise look even more realistic, and the harsh, stubborn days of Netanyahu seemed to be forgotten. ...read more.


On the 11th of November, 2004, the Palestinian President, Yasser Arafat, died aged 75. This was met by devastation from the Palestinians, who had lost their leader of many years, who had supported them through the Peace Deal and the breakdown of it. However, Israelis welcomed this news; Arafat was seen by these as a terrorist, who murdered thousands of their own race. This, again, signified the breakdown of the peace deal, now with none of the original negotiators alive, the deal seemed hopeless. The newly elected Palestinian President, Mahmoud Abbas, sent his security forces into the Gaza Strip, in the hope of curbing militant groups' attacks on Israeli targets. He hoped that, if successful, he could begin a revival of the Middle East Peace Process. This pleased moderate Palestinians and Israelis however, angered fundamentalists from both nations, as moves towards peace and compromising had been made. This inspired them to fight back and continue the conflict. This move, echoes previous conflict of opposition forces moving in onto the same territory, this could spark either peace or violence. To conclude, during my research I have discovered many factors that lead to the eventual breakdown of the 1993 Peace Deal. I believe that opposing opinions of the public lead to the demise of it. The assassination of Prime Minister Rabin echoes this. All of these events show how the people, and eventually governments and nations, refused to compromise their land in exchange for peace. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Terrorism. What is terrorism? 2. Why do terrorists ...

    gain publicity such as in big cities, events and places where the media is located. The more extreme their act, the more publicity they receive which is why many attacks are becoming bigger and more destructive. Terrorism can come in many different forms but there will always be debate on whether something really can be classed as terrorism or not.

  2. What are the main differences between the beliefs of Palestinian Arabs and Israeli Jews?The ...

    There are still many problems that need to be overcome for both sides in Israel/Palestine to live peacefully together. There have been many attempts at peace though nowadays there is still conflict going on. One attempt at peace is the Camp David agreement that happened in 1978.

  1. "What are the main differences between the beliefs and attitudes of the Jews/Israelis and ...

    They felt more threatened and more intimated by the large- scale immigration, and wanted a voice to speak out against this. In 1921, the British appointed an Arab to be the senior judge or Mufti of Jerusalem. He was a vicious Anti Semite who wanted an end to the large- scale immigration and the expulsion of all Jews from Palestine.

  2. Assess the effectiveness of the Arab and Israeli peace initiatives from the 1970s to ...

    He outlined his own peace plan. He proposed an international conference held under United Nations auspices, with representatives from Israel, Palestine and their neighbours, followed by Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank and Gaza, with the forces to be replaces by a temporary UN peacekeeping force.

  1. Middle east conflict - There have been several attempts to bring peace to this ...

    the only way in which to solve the "plight of the Palestinians" is to declare a holy war or Jihad upon the Jews. The main Islamist movement in the Palestinian territories it was born soon after the previous intifada erupted in 1987.

  2. Discuss whether a peaceful solution to the arab - Israeli conflict is possible.

    The historic handshake between the two men seemed to signal an end to the problems in the Middle East. In August 1993, the declaration of principles was agreed upon. The Declaration was an agenda for negotiations covering a five-year period which would then lead to a permanent agreement based on resolutions 242 and 338.

  1. To what extent is the city of Jerusalem vital to the followers of three ...

    the 'Furthest mosque', but contradicts its self by previously noting that Palestine is the closest land. If one translates the Arabic term, 'Masjidal Aqsa', one will find that it means 'the furthest mosque'. If we follow Islamic belief, the only two mosques on earth were the Ka'ba in Mecca, and Masjidal Aqsa in Jerusalem.

  2. The Syrian Uprising

    And also, other than that, they require freedom of religion and full equality of sexes. Expanded Civil Rights: One of the revolution's goals to achieve through the uprising is expanding civil rights for the people of Syria. The people demand economic and social justice and a modern welfare system covering each and every system.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work