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Securing America and Protecting Civil Liberties. I believe that many aspects of the Patriot Act violate American civil liberties. The Fourth Amendment prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures. Under the Patriot Act the FBI is granted access to med

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Introduction

Securing America and Protecting Civil Liberties Shakea Ricks POL 201: American National Government Prof. Marion Rogers February 27, 2012 Securing America and Protecting Civil Liberties September 11, 2001 is a day the world will always remember. It is a day that from there on after had to be in history. An event that made the rest of the world sit back and stare in horror. We didn't want to believe other human beings could be so cruel and to be able to cause so much pain. War was the reality we had to face. After the attack of September 11 everything changed in the United States of America. Our country took extreme measures to "protect" its citizens and with that they infringed in our civil liberties. Civil Liberties are the personal guaranties and freedoms that the federal government cannot abridge by law, constitution, or judicial interpretation (O'Connor pg. 725). These liberties give us rights like the right to life, freedom from torture, freedom from slavery and forced labor, and the right to a fair trial, to privacy, freedom of expression the right to marry and have a family. ...read more.

Middle

it is evident that the use of wire-tapping goes deep in our nation history and will continue to be in the future. Since, the debate from 9/11/2001 in order to protect American citizens from supposed terrorist organizations civil liberties have been greatly affected rather than from how they are stated in the bill of Rights. In the U.S. constitution the Bill of Rights, especially protects civil liberties. The value of democracy and civil liberties derived from democracy should be upheld regardless of peace time or war time. As a result the First and Fourth Amendments have been changed since the implementation of the USA Patriot Act. I believe that many aspects of the Patriot Act violate American civil liberties. The Fourth Amendment prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures. Under the Patriot Act the FBI is granted access to medical, financial, educational, and mental health records without providing any information that a possible crime is being committed or that this information has any relevance to terrorism. ...read more.

Conclusion

Racial and religious racism is still something very present in their society. Waterboarding does not violate the ban on cruel and unusual punishment. It was regularly practiced as a punishment for misdemeanour offenses at and after the time the Eighth Amendment became law. Cruel and unusual punishment was also defined in law at the time to mean you had to strangle a person before burning them at the stake or drawing and quartering them. Therefore Congress would have to ban waterboarding for it to be illegal at the federal level (Howcott, M.). Our Attorney General nomination seems to know the law and is sticking to it despite from the Senate to violate the law. The debate over torture ("waterboarding") and terrorism evoke two mutually exclusive provisions of the Constitution. You cannot comply with one without violating the other. Violation of the Constitution is unavoidable. Although we still have a responsibility to "protect each of the states against [both overt and covert] invasion" as required by Article IV of the Constitution. It ends up as a lose/lose situation. If we water board, or not or sit back and do nothing we still violate the Constitution. ...read more.

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