• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The aim of this essay is to present the reason of British government changing it's mind about EEC membership. The United Kingdom became a member of the European Economic Community in January 1973

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Anna Luzinska 05645250 Name of the tutor: Dr Christoph Dartmann Course code: H1 1011 Title of the essay: "Discuss the reasons for the applications by several British governments to join the EEC?" 'I understand that plagiarism is the use, without adequate acknowledgement, of intellectual work of another person in work submitted for assessment. A student cannot be found to have committed plagiarism where it can be shown that the student has taken all responsible care to avoid representing the work of others as his or her own. I have abided by these guidelines in the preparation of this essay.' "Discus reasons for the application by several British governments to join EEC" Introduction: The aim of this essay is to present the reason of British government changing it's mind about EEC membership. The United Kingdom became a member of the European Economic Community in January 1973. However, its relationship with the European Community (EC) has been marked by strong national preferences and prolonged periods of weighing pros and cons of membership. At the end of the Second World War, Europe was totally drained and exhausted. Age-old trade links had been cut off and any heavy industry or vital manufacturing that had not been destroyed was operating below capacity in a Europe that lay bruised and ill-prepared to deal with the millions of people made homeless both during and after the war. The continent was now relegated to playing a supporting role on the international stage owing to the increased might of the United States and the Soviet Union and the growing rivalry between those two countries. ...read more.

Middle

As the Commonwealth expand in number with decolonization, it had become clearer that Britain , while still dominating trade with most of its ex-colonies, could not retain the same exclusive treading advantages as before. 4 By the late 1960s, links between Great Britain and the Commonwealth had been considerably weakened. During the period of world-wide trade expansion British exports to Commonwealth countries sank from �1.26 billion to �1.19 billion, and the share of Commonwealth exports fell from 47 to well under 40 per cent in terms of overall British exports. During the same period British exports to the EEC rose from �468 million to �762 millions. British exports to western Europe where already higher then exports to Commonwealth countries.5 A further motive which pushed the Conservatives towards considering EEC membership was worry about Britain's economic performance. In the 1950s the Western European economics had experienced a sustained period of economic growth. Though the British economy did grow in the 1950s, with a performance superior to the interwar years, it persistently lagged behind that of its major competitors. But the progress of EEC countries was very impressive . By contrast , Britain was at the foot of growth league table. Entry to the EEC was seen as a way of changing the economic agenda. It would be the industrial competition from within the EEC that would reduce problems such as overmanning and low productivity. The final factor was the development of EEC it self. ...read more.

Conclusion

The UK finally joined the EC on January 1, 1973.15 Third application Rresignation of De Gaulle in 1969, for reasons of home affairs, opened up a possibility of British accession. Immediately upon de Gaulle's resignation from French presidency in 1969, the Action Committee, which by then included members from all political parties, launched a new campaign for British entry. Any reconsideration of Britain's application had to await to the summit meeting at The Hague. Negotiations did not begun until mid-1970, with Britain being represented by a new Conservative government, victors in the 1970 elections. The main phase of negotiations took one year to complete. The situation changed with the shift of government in France and British accession negotiations emerged successful. 16 The most hotly debated issues were the United Kingdom's financial contribution to Community resources and its participation in the common agricultural policy (CAP). These problems, which were closely linked, were never properly clarified. As a result, the Thatcher Government would return to them in the late 1980s. By contrast, a definitive solution was found for the other stumbling blocks, namely West Indian sugar and New Zealand butter. During the summer of 1971, Edward Heath's Government pursued an intensive propaganda campaign in Britain in favor of accession to the common market. On 7 July 1971, the Government published The United Kingdom and the European Communities, a White Paper which reviewed the advantages of British accession to the EEC on a point-by-point basis. On 22 January 1972, in Brussels, Great Britain signed the Treaty of Accession. Following ratification by the respective parliaments, Great Britain, together with Ireland and Denmark, joined the European Community on 1 January 1973. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. Why was the accession of the UK to the EEC in 1972 so politically ...

    Britain had also suffered a humiliating defeat during the Suez crisis, which highlighted Britain's fall from grace as a single world power (Watts, 2005, p23). Furthermore, US president Kennedy had allegedly informed British Prime Minister Harold McMillan in private that should the USA be forced to choose between trading with the British led European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

  2. The French Revolution

    They were opposed to the tyranny of the monarchy and they disagreed with the feudal system in France that caused there to be massive poverty and inequality for the lower classes. Another very strong supporter of the revolution was Tom Paine.

  1. Free essay

    Has British Politics been Europeanised

    the time, and the British citizens, but also the system of the European Union and its citizens. This can arguably be seen as a good thing as it provides the British system with an additional institution, which provides further checks and balances on the system.

  2. Free essay

    Account for the different political and public attitudes towards Turkey's application for EU membership.

    Major personalities3 and some far right political groups argue that the EU is a Christian club. > Geographical: Again, some far right political groups argue that Turkey's boundaries are mostly outside the physical boundaries of Europe. Tony Blair and other strong supporters of Turkey's European aspirations, argue that the EU has a lot to benefit from full Turkish membership.

  1. Will examine the effects membership of the European Union or EU has had on ...

    the Eurozone will not have to endure the costs of exchanging profits back into their home currency. The main argument against is simply that joining the Euro means handing over control to the EU regarding our monetary policy. The Three Main Institutions of the European Union The Council for the

  2. The EU's CFSP and the Iraq Crisis: A Catalyst for Change?

    of the EU, inevitable."14 Unlike Germany, however, France is a permanent member of the UN Security Council. As a veto wielding member, France was able to leverage its opposition to war (along with Russia and China), to ensure that the US would not receive a UN mandate for invading Iraq.

  1. Transformation of the U.S. Hegemony in Europe through NATO after the Cold War

    However, this victory also brought another question into daylight. What was the role of U.S. in changing Europe, i.e. German unification, collapse of the Soviet Bloc and further integration of European Union, with the new Post-Cold war framework? Art mentions renationalization fears of the Western Europe's political military elites if

  2. The Importance of the Cyprus Issue in terms of the Accomplishment of the ESDP

    In this summit, the EU made an official confirmation that the membership of the Greek Cypriots as the representative of the whole island would not be contingent to any prior accomodation with the Turkish Cypriots. This was actually the achievement of Greece, who agreed to lift its veto on the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work