• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The case Against Electoral Reform

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Mary-Ann Uvieghara ________________ The Argument against Electoral reform ________________ FPTP has persisted over the long history of Britain because it is familiar to the public, votes are simple to cast and count, and there is no surging public outcry for change. It usually leads to a one-party majority government. This enables the electorate to vote only for a local representative, while in fact choosing the party they wish to form a government. It then leaves each Member of Parliament (MP) with a direct relationship with a particular geographical area i.e. their constituencies, on a basis of at least nominal equality in the sense that they are all elected in the same way. It also enables the electorate sharply and cleanly to rid itself of an unwanted government. With the coalition tentatively reaching for electoral reforms, what would be the best system to replace it with? Does it even need to be replaced? I am going to examine each possible system and what it would how it would fulfil the needs created by FPTP AV The simplest change from FPTP would be the alternative vote, why -because it maintains almost the same criteria and fulfils almost the same needs as FPTP does. It would maintain the link between an MP and his/her constituencies .It would increase voter choice in the sense that it would enable voters to express their second , third or fourth preferences, which frees them from the choice between realistic and ideological commitment or voting tactically. ...read more.


be avoided by increasing the number of MPs leading to a whole different set of problems.STV, offering a range of MPs has the effect of being asked a series on unnecessary questions which would lead to boredom and irritation which leads to casting random and therefore meaningless votes. Many only interested in voting for parties would not appreciate being forced into choosing between candidates of the same party about each of whom they know little. It is the counting rather than the casting of the votes which is excessively complicated under STV. This complexity and consequent slowness of counting cannot be counted as an advantage.A Speaker's Conference on electoral reform in January 1917 unanimously recommended single transferable vote (STV) for elections to the House of Commons. However, in a vote that August, the Commons rejected STV by 32 votes in the committee stage of the Representation of the People Bill- its already been rejected before. The introduction of STV would be too great a leap from FPTP, going in a direction that is undoubtly different that the one existing, causing confusion. Considering the less densely populated constituencies, reconciling with the break of the bond between the MP would be hard and time consuming. Additional Member System If we do not go in an STV direction the alternative must be the Additional Member System (AMS). This has worked very well in Germany for half a century, why won?t it work for us? ...read more.


Public Interest The question asked was- if a referendum were held tomorrow on whether to stick with first-past-the-post or switch to the Alternative Vote for electing MPs, how would you vote? Poll done by YouGov For AV For FPTP Wouldn?t vote Don?t know 2010 % % % % November 14-15 33 40 7 20 October 17-18 33 41 6 19 September 5-6 35 39 8 18 August 15-16 37 38 7 18 July 18-19 39 38 7 17 June 27-28 42 34 5 18 As shown by the chart and subsequent graph, public interest in AV and the coalitions plans are slowing dwindling-this is not helped by the opposition launched by Labour and some Tory members. If the government themselves are divided on it (51 per cent of Tories were anti-AV with about 30 per cent in favour. The rest were neutral.)And the public are slowly but surely realising the harm and confusing that the electoral reforms as a whole would cause, why would it be a good thing. By early June, the support for AV was a thin 42% compared to the 34% vying for FPTP, and it began to slowly climb while FPTP accelerated in drips. What?s interesting though id the increase in the percent of people that that are still undecided. By the time the referendum comes, predicts political bloggist Jim Pickard, support may plummet as low as support for the lib dems. Chart Conclusion I can conclude that after scrutinizing the various electoral systems available and taking into consideration public interest, electoral reforms would not be the way to go-after all if it aint broke why fix it? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. priministers power

    is discussing what in government o The Chairmanship thesis suggests: * Media attention is a two-edged sword * PMs often become personally associated with unpopular policies * Governments cannot control the press * Governments 'leak' - the PM cannot control all the departments o Evidence : The Presidential Thesis - Prime Ministers are inevitably the centre of media attention.

  2. What is the main reason for the loss of faith and interest in our ...

    Below are tables of results for each question, I will then create some graphs based on the results of some of the questions. Tables of results: Question 1: What is your age? Age Range: Amount of People: 15-24 6 25-34 8 35-44 12 45+ 14 Question 2: What is your gender?

  1. 'Britain is in desperate need of electoral reform. The FPTP system is undemocratic.' Discuss.

    Although there is a committee set up to ensure boundaries evenly divide up the country, so that there is an equal amount in each constituency, this is not always easy due to the different density in population. For example, the Isle of Wight has a population of 106,000 voters whereas

  2. Electoral Systems.

    she is elected without it, or because he or she has too few votes to be elected, then the vote is transferred to the voter's second choice candidate, and so on. In this way, most of the votes help to elect a candidate and far fewer votes are wasted.

  1. In what ways might reform of the voting system bring electoral advantage to the ...

    and SV would all have proved disadvantageous for the Conservatives. AV would have created an even less proportional result in 1997 than first-past-the-post did. These results are all very interesting, but largely irrelevant when considering electoral reform. Any small realistic chance that electoral reform has will most likely come from the recommendations of the Jenkins report.

  2. Unit 1 - Example of Evaluations

    implement more specialist language into my letter, I would look how they arrange their paragraphs and how they break up the information they put in their letter. Website Evaluation The purpose of this document was to create a website for the record label company; it consisted of three pages, a homepage, an artist information page and a contact information page.

  1. Should Britain reform its electoral system for general elections?

    An example of this is that it is possible with FPTP for the ?wrong? party to win an election.

  2. "Constitutional reform had gone too far, or not far enough?" Discuss

    Furthermore, the beloved idea of federalism links to both devolution and a codified constitution, which is present in both America and Germany. Nevertheless, the Liberal Democrats disagree with Scottish independence; even though it fits in with the beloved idea of federalism.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work