• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Cause of Hatred and Distrust in the Middle East.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Cause of Hatred and Distrust in the Middle East The war in Iraq is further poisoning the already noxious political atmosphere between Arabs and Americans. It has intensified and increased dangerous feelings of humiliation and outrage among the Arab public, while paranoid rhetoric about Western attacks against Islam elsewhere is spreading from the religious fringe to the mainstream. It is simplistic and self- serving for political leaders in the West to tell us that the terrorists attacks happen because they "hate freedom," or "hate our democratic values" or "they despise our love of liberty." Many, in fact, hate what they perceive as materialistic Western values, but this is not what leads them to kill themselves in suicide bombings, or to murder thousands of innocent civilians. The main source of Arabs' anger, since the end of British occupation in the Middle East to the end of the Iraq conflict, stems from the partitioning of Palestine, American aid to the Arabs' enemies, Israel, Israel's control of sites holy to Muslims as well as Israel's work in developing the "Ethnic Bomb", and the United Nations' sanction on Iraqi people for more than a decade. The beginning of the current conflict can be traced back to when the partitioning process took place. According to CIA data: "After World War II, the British withdrew from their mandate of Palestine, and the UN partitioned the area into Arab and Jewish states, an arrangement rejected by the Arabs. ...read more.

Middle

In addition, Israel's control over holy sites for many years has heated the tension to its maximum level. At stake is administration of the Muslim sites in the Old City, principally the Dome of the Rock and Al Aqsa mosque, both located in the Haram Al-Sharif (Noble Sanctuary), known to Israelis as the Temple Mount. Muslim attachment to the sites rests on three principal bases. First, because Islam recognizes biblical prophets as Muslim messengers, the location of Solomon's temple is considered an important Islamic site. Jerusalem is intimately linked to important events in the lives of other Islamic prophets, including Abraham, Lot, David, Moses and Jesus. Jerusalem was also the first qibla, or direction of prayer, for the Muslim community of the Prophet Muhammad. Some sixteen months after his hijra, or flight to Medina, the Prophet received a revelation instructing him to turn toward the Ka'ba at Mecca instead, but Jerusalem, or Beit al-Maqdis ("The Holy House," from Solomon's temple) as it was called, is still revered as "the first qibla." Finally, Masjid Al Aqsa ("the Furthest Mosque") was where the Prophet was taken by a winged steed, Buraq, before ascending to and returning from Paradise during the Night Journey, or Isra' wal-Mi'raj. The incident is related in the Qur'an, which refers to "the Furthest Mosque, whose precincts we have blessed." Jerusalem fell to the Muslims in 637, five years after the death of the Prophet, when the Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab came to the city to arrange a pact with the city's Christian inhabitants. ...read more.

Conclusion

Warnings came from three U.N. Secretary Generals, agencies including UNICEF, WHO and WFP, and two humanitarian coordinators, who resigned in protest. A Select Committee of the British House of Commons offered this negative judgment: "The U.N. Security Council shares responsibility for the humanitarian crisis." The United States and the United Kingdom, who use their veto power to prolong the U.N. sanctions, bear special responsibility for the U.N. action. The Security Council implicitly accepts such a negative assessment, since it no longer uses comprehensive economic sanctions in security crises elsewhere in the world. Civilian suffering in Iraq is not an unexpected collateral effect, but a predictable result of the sanctions policy. No-fly zones, periodic U.S. military attacks, and U.S. threats of regime-change block peaceful outcomes, as do vilification of Saddam Hussein, pro-sanctions propaganda, and other politicization of the crisis (BBC News page1). It is essential that our government move quickly and decisively to ensure that Israel's colonial occupation is ended, and that the United States is seen as a driving force in freeing the Palestinian people. Without this step, it may be impossible to convince most Arabs that American foreign policy has anything to offer them other than war, occupation and humiliation. These steps must be serious and sustained, and require far more than unpublished road maps and unelected prime ministers of non-existent states. Without a complete and final end to Israel's occupation, no amount of success in post-conflict Iraq will mean anything positive for the region, and no substantial healing of the wounds can begin. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Assess the effectiveness of the Arab and Israeli peace initiatives from the 1970s to ...

    These two peoples, are constantly involved in a tragic conflict that has lasted more than half a century, saw the possibility of a new beginning. The Oslo Accord transformed the political realities of the Middle East (Peres, 2). Since the founding of Israel in 1948, there has been continuous conflict between Israel and the Arab states.

  2. How far is religion the main cause of the conflict in the Middle East ...

    These statements show that both sides have strong opinions and are prepared to fight for their homeland. The First World War was a turning point for the Jews and Arabs. During the war, the interests of Turkey and Britain determined the fate of the people in Palestine.

  1. Arab and Israeli conflict - source related study.

    The impression this source is trying to bring to mind is that the Palestinian people are fighting because they have waited to long for the result and have no option but to fight. Source H is written by a 17 year old Palestinian named Hassan he informs us that the

  2. Assess the relationship between the US and Iraq from 1970 to the present day.

    To stop the sanctions, Saddam would have to renounce his claim to Kuwait, dismantle weapons of mass destruction and fairly treat Iraq's minorities. Iraq was in economic turmoil. The situation did improve when following pressure for the US Saddam no longer hankered for Kuwait.

  1. Middle east conflict - There have been several attempts to bring peace to this ...

    For Christians and Moslems, the term 'Holy Sites' is an adequate expression of what matters. Here [in Jerusalem] are sacred places hallowed by most holy events... But Judaism... is not tied to sites, but to the land; not to what happened in Jerusalem, but to Jerusalem itself" - Bishop Prof.

  2. British policy towards Palestine in the creation of Israel, one must carefully analyze British ...

    The document stated that Palestine would be neither a Jewish state nor an Arab one, but an independent state with a clear Arab majority, to be established within ten years. Jewish immigration to Palestine was limited to 75,000 for the first five years, subject to the country's "economic absorptive capacity", and would later be contingent on Arab consent.

  1. Why is it difficult to keep peace talks going in the Middle East?

    However during Roman rule, which culminated in a failed uprising against their imperial masters in 67AD, dispersal or Diaspora occurred where most Jews left the historic homeland Israel and settled all over Europe and the middle East. Although living in widespread communities around the world Jews constantly yearned for the promised land.

  2. The role of International law in regards to The Palestinian Dilemma.

    dictate a solution in Palestine unless a basis for such authority can be worked out such as has not been done thus far." He refers to one of the basic deficiencies of the United Nations Organization, specifically the "avoidance of international law in dealing with international problems manifested only too

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work