• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The concern of this essay is the position of the 'Republic of Cyprus'[1], the neighbouring states of Turkey and Greece and other states with interests, historically or otherwise, linked to the island, including the UK and the USA.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The concern of this essay is the position of the 'Republic of Cyprus'1, the neighbouring states of Turkey and Greece and other states with interests, historically or otherwise, linked to the island, including the UK and the USA. Although this dispute is not so violently demonstrated as in other areas, notably Israel with regards to the Palestinians or Iraq and the Kurd population, the position and disputes that surround Cyprus are just as important and in many ways unique. The two main parties involved are Greece and Turkey; both are members of NATO and either a member or an aspiring member of the EU. The very unconventional nature of the situation means that the diplomatic approaches used by the participants is also unconventional. The lack of Cypriot Turk embassies in foreign countries means many usual forms of diplomacy have no place. Therefore, the focus of this essay will be the less obvious diplomatic advances in use, as will be set out later. The chief purpose of diplomacy, It can be said, is to "enable states to secure the objectives of their foreign policy without resorting to force, propaganda or law"2. This definition, therefore, encompasses much more than the traditional perspective of Embassies or conferences. Diplomacy does include these types of arrangements, but also informal discussions, 'Telephone diplomacy', and the lobbying of foreign governments. This essay will first take a brief look at the historical perspective of the island. ...read more.

Middle

Yet both these play the important diplomatic roles, using the definition given earlier, of influencing a foreign government policy towards the situation. This approach is known as 'public diplomacy'9, and both the Greek and Turkish sides have used this in attempts to win support. For example, Greek-American organisations have had influence on US foreign policy. In the Clinton administration, one policy advisor was George Stephanopoulos, who many have seen as key in influencing the foreign policy regarding Greece or Greek interests10. The Cypriot Turk side has also used public diplomacy to its advantage. The 'Friends of Turkish Cypriots' is a cross-parliamentary group in the British House of Commons. Although the UK, like all countries except Turkey, does not recognise the TRNC and has no official ties with it, this group has met many times with Cypriot Turk leaders, including Raul Denktat. This has given them the ability to present their views to the foreign office or express them in parliament. Also, other groups act to lobby governments, such as the Turkish Cypriot Network, set up in the UK in 1995. It lists among its aims and activities that it "lobbies parliamentarians and local and national politicians...in order to promote the just cause of the Turkish Cypriots...and the recognition of the TRNC"11 The role of the European Union is very crucial to the Cyprus situation. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, the possible use of veto to block defence arrangements between the EU and NATO has no doubt influenced policy of many states. Also the Cypriot Greek led government of Cyprus' application for EU membership itself put pressure on the Cypriot Turk side, as this essay has explained, the Turkish forces would become officially foreign forces in occupation. Finally, this essay has seen how the 'War on Terrorism' has possibly extended the avenues open to Turkey to win support. This essay did eschew the direct negotiations between the Cypriot Turk and Cypriot Greek sides on the grounds that they did not act 'to win support'. Although this remains accurate, the context of these negotiations does act in this sense, as the two sides' claim being more receptive to the negotiations. Other factors omitted from this essay, for various reasons, include the role of the UN as mediator and the economic embargo placed on the 'TRNC' by Cyprus and the EU at large. Given all these factors, this essay has found that although the situation allows for little formal, conventional diplomatic efforts, other forms of diplomacy have played key roles and these cannot be ignored. A solution to the conflict requires support of many 'outside' interests, including the EU, UN and NATO most obviously, and the key participants of this dispute have used many diplomatic approaches to gain advantage for their position. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. A clear explanation of key underpinning economic theories relevant to the EU.

    By 1973 more countries joined the treaty of Rome and these are United Kingdom, Denmark, Republic of Ireland and more. The main purpose of this treaty is: *The removal of trade barriers between member nations *Freedom of movement of capital, labour, and entrepreneurship across borders.

  2. Examples: Shadows of Leadership

    In a statement, Mr. Rice admitted to conspiring to describe Enron's network control software as revolutionary, and that the network was up and running.

  1. Individual reflectice paper - In this essay the reflective model that is used is ...

    I met with the power point deliveres to summarise the community profile notes and each member interacted, listened to each other and decided on the same paragraph to summarise. In the next seminar the two group members feedback to the whole group about the centre and i was actively listening.

  2. With reference to specific cases, outline the effectiveness of Article 82 in preventing the ...

    Another concern related to enlargement and Competition Policy is that countries such as Lithuania and Turkey will have limited if any experience in dealing with

  1. Why is Britain hesitating about membership of EMU and what are the main issues?

    First, there are EMU convergence criteria. A prospective joining country must exhibit price stability, a price performance that is sustainable and an average rate of inflation, observed over a period of one year before the examination, that does not exceed by more than 1.5% that of, at most, the three best-performing member states in terms of price stability.

  2. The EU's CFSP and the Iraq Crisis: A Catalyst for Change?

    De Gaulle is credited with setting the tone for France's foreign policy, as the countries of Europe began the first steps of their integration project. De Gaulle was suspicious of US intentions, and to that end pulled out of the NATO integrated military structure in 1966, forcing NATO headquarters to relocate to Belgium.

  1. Critically analyse the role of NATO in post-Cold war Europe, with special emphasis of ...

    Adjusting always takes time, especially to security realms where regional conflicts are bound to become global. Such a global cooperation is then much required. One, however, is not very popular within the European NATO members. Recent conflict in Iraq brought up an old European conviction of NATO being a 'global domination tool' for the United States.

  2. George Washington: America's Greatest Leader

    Washington's administrative style was to listen to the arguments of both sides about an issue, investigate the facts, and make up his mind, then stick tenaciously to his decision. 9 This allowed Washington to come to great compromises over certain issues, not only to bring Jefferson and Hamilton together but to bring the splitting American population as well.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work