• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The difficulties experienced by the coal industry between 1914 and 1925.

Extracts from this document...


The difficulties experienced by the coal industry between 1914 and 1925 There were many difficulties for the coal industry between 1914 and 1925 which I will be discussing in this essay. Industries in Britain at this time were privately owned, mostly by English people. In April 1914 the 'big three' Unions met together to see how they could strengthen their claims in the future. The Miners Federation of the MFGB represented over 1 million men working in 2500 pits, the National Union of Railwaymen (NUR) and the Transport and General Workers Union (TGWU). A Trade Union is a organisation which gives protection for members, fighting for better pay and compensations and protecting workers rights. The Unions altogether represented one and a half million Trade Union members, and were certainly not going to make life easy for the industry owners over the next couple of years. The alliance of these unions meant that they could now have 'sympathetic strikes'. This meant that if one group had a strike then other industries would strike in sympathy even though the problem going on has nothing to do with them. ...read more.


Another key point was due to the fact that there was rapid inflation after the war, prices went up by 25% in 1919 and wage increases could not keep up the pace of the inflation rate. By 1921 members of trade unions had rapidly grown to 8 million and the strength of the unions would make it very difficult for the employers as well as being more organised through the triple alliance. Because of the unhappiness of the workers and the influence by the workers taking control in the Russia meant that strikes were bound to happen. In 1921 an outstanding 86 million working days were lost through strike action. This was the worst amount of work done. Before 1914 the largest had been 41 million which only seems small compared to the 86 million working days lost with the 35 million working days lost just 2 years before. This shows ignorance from the employers as they did not solve the problem after the first strike and paid the price for it. The strikes were becoming so bad that 12,000 soldiers and 6 tanks had to be sent in to keep peace in Glasgow 1919. ...read more.


However, even with these bad terms the coal industry were no longer making a profit and were losing about a million a month. Many miners were also now unemployed because the owners could not afford to pay them. The owners could no longer run the mines the way that they were going so they made a further wage reduction and increased the hours. The MFGB wouldn't accept these terms either and the Triple Alliance was re-joined once again. Something had to be done as there was a clear lack of communication between the employers and the workers. Stanley Baldwin then offered the MFGB 24 million to counter the owners wage cuts until 1st may 1926. However this was only a short-term solution because it would only postpone the problem for the nine months. However the government used this time to try and find a way to solve a general strike if there was one when the subsidy ended. They held weekend courses to train ordinary people to drive railway trains and vehicles. They arranged to take over the BBC to publish a government news sheet and used propaganda to stress the threat to parliamentary democracy from the general strike. Craig bowman ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Trade Unions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Trade Unions essays

  1. Why did the General Strike of 1926 take place?

    wages and this is what led other industries to strike in support. Black Friday was another long-term cause of the General Strike; on Friday 15th April 1921 the miners went on strike and asked the NUR and NTWF, who formed the Triple Alliance with them, to strike with them.

  2. Running head: Winnipeg 1919

    (Masters, 1950). The strike of 1918 was somewhat a success for the laborers in the light and power department in the city of Winnipeg. They went on strike for better wages and better scheduling. The committee ended up negotiating with the strikers.

  1. The Winnipeg General Strike.

    many of those present and some went so far as to form a delegation which went to investigate the arrest. This group was successful in securing the worker's release from custody but this did little to placate those assembled who felt that this occurrence was, simply, another example of collusion

  2. What is the influence of women social workers in the United States labor movement?

    Recent studies and experience have altered this view. Data from a 1984 poll commissioned by the AFL-CIO suggest that the lower female unionization rate is due to the fact that women have had less opportunity to become acquainted with unions and to vote for them. Given the same opportunity, as many women as men vote pro-union.

  1. For my report I will be analysing the recent events of the fire brigade ...

    Fire Fighters and Fire Control Operators pay has fallen to a point that they are now able to claim Working Families tax credit. This is highly unacceptable for a profession that has been classified as professional. The FBU are in talks with the employers and the government.

  2. Why did the General Strike of 1926 take place?

    Another long-term cause is the Sankey Commission. In 1919 the Government formed a Royal Commission to look into the problems of the coal mining industry. Lord Sankey led this commission, but it failed to come up with a solution to the problems of the miners. Most members favoured nationalisation but the Prime Minister, Lloyd George, refused to nationalise the mines.

  1. The Coalfield, 1919 - 39

    of the coal industry's decline. We can assume it is fairly accurate as the information was presumably gathered in an official manner (by the Digest of Welsh Historical Statistics). The fact that it was produced fairly recently, in 1985, is also in its favour.

  2. Is the strike no longer necessary?

    Does this suggest that the strike is no longer necessary? It can be argued that the decline in strike activity is a direct result of the contraction of basic major manufacturing industries, such as coal-mining, the docks and motor vehicles.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work