• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The European Commission - The Driving Force of the E.U.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The European Commission - The Driving Force of the E.U. The Present * The European Commission consists of 20 commissioners * Two from each of the largest countries (France, Germany, Spain, Italy and the U.K.) * One from each of the ten smaller countries * Commissioners are not elected, but put forward by each member state * Each commissioner heads a department, such as trade or agriculture, and has a team of assistants * Britain's commissioners are Neil Kinnock (former Labour Leader) who is vice president of the commission and in charge of reforming the institutions of the EU, and Chris Patten (former Conservative minister) who is 'foreign secretary' of the EU * A commissioner and his or her team are expected to serve the EU - not the interests of their own countries * They are paid out of the EU budget * The 'seat' of the commission is in Brussels, but it also has offices in Luxembourg, representations in all EU countries and delegations in many capital cities around the world * The European Commission has four main roles: 1. ...read more.

Middle

Parliament may: 1. Amend and debate legislation 2. Require the European Council to have unanimity on legislation 3. Veto the EU budget 4. Check the work of the European Commission * Overall, the European Parliament's power (legislative and financial) has increased from its origins, however member states are reluctant to extend power The Future * The Nice Treaty (2000) will limit the number of MEPs to 732 * The redistribution of seats will take place in the 2005 election * The proposed re-distribution will limit the seats available to the UK. The number of MEPs will be reduced to 72, 15 less than previously * The council will also gain power to regulate organisations or political parties at European Level. The European Council and The Council of Ministers The European Council * The European Council is the most important decision-making body in the EU * It is made up of the Prime Minister and the Foreign Secretary of all member states, both of whom can be held to account by their parliament and electorate * The EC meets twice a year * It makes the major decisions (e.g. ...read more.

Conclusion

The number of votes allocated to each country will also change, although talks about this in December 2003 broke down - Poland and Spain refused to accept changes to the system agreed in 200 which gave them almost as many votes as Germany, even though each of their populations is around half the size of Germany's. Official Language The number of languages European Commission employees are required to speak to be eligible for promotion is to be increased to 3 - their mother tongue plus two further EU languages instead of just one. The change will come into force in May when the new member states join, and will increase the cost of language training for the Commission to 5 million Euros per year. The extra foreign language will be required because the French are worried that English is becoming the new official language of the EU - 83% of new staff form the countries joining in May speak English, but only 24% speak French. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. A clear explanation of key underpinning economic theories relevant to the EU.

    Germany, the official language of the country is German with many minor languages such as Turkish as many workers from Turkey. Also spoken in Germany is Frisain and English. English is taught is all German schools and this is mandatory.

  2. How important is the European Parliament?

    Firstly, there are anti-federalist attitudes in the UK amongst other member states and there is a lack of public interest forcing the EP to take more control. If the EU public were more federalist in its attitude, in line with France and Germany, perhaps the EP would have more power and cooperation from member state governments.

  1. What Are The Functions Of The Four EU Institutions? How Are European Laws Made?

    In contrast directives are only binding as to the objectives to be achieved, bind only those Member States to whom they are addressed and require implementation in order to have the force of law. A decision is a law which is not of general application, but only applies to its particular addressee of the decision.

  2. The EU automotive industry currently faces a number of issues. It lags behind the ...

    They would have to weigh out the options between the cost of building a new plant in a less developed country or taking over an existing plant in a more developed country. Figure 3 - Greenfield versus Brownfield sites Language Barriers Moving to Eastern Europe would mean moving to a different country.

  1. What does citizenship mean in the European context?

    We all know that all three are the emptiest and weakest provisions of the Treaty, but at the symbolic level do they undermine the ethics of supranationalism? Supranationalism is a move away from statism to a new uneasy relationship between Community and Member States.

  2. Economic and political integration between the member states of the European Union means that ...

    The criteria are often referred to as the Copenhagen Criteria which requires that the candidate country has achieved: (Ref: please refer to this web site: http://www.euoffice.metu.edu.tr/abouteu/copenhagen.htm) * Stability of institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and protection of minorities; * The existence of a

  1. Back ground information about the EU

    The EU also encourages the use of environmental taxes (fines) were the pollute pays this could damage the reputation of a businesses if it's seen as a polluter. Common Foreign Policy The EU treats all other nations in the

  2. "To what extent will the proposed EU constitution affect, the procedure for EU/EC negotiation ...

    Furthermore, the ERTA case appeared to suggest that the competence of the Community in this area was exclusive and the Member States were precluded from acting. The Court went on to confirm that the Council's proceedings of the 20th of March 1970 were within the framework of the Community and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work