• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'The European Union's common foreign and security policy has been more rhetoric than reality'

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'The European Union's common foreign and security policy has been more rhetoric than reality' Introduction The treaty on the European Union stated that 'The Union shall define and implement a common foreign and security policy covering all areas of foreign and security policy'1 The European Union is an absolute and ineffable power of the Western world comprising of twenty-five member states and is home to four hundred million people. The CFSP was established under the Treaty of Europe, which was signed at Maastricht in 1992, (and was then further developed in the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1997) with the aim of protecting the interests of these member states. Five key principles are integral to the operation of the CFSP. These are to '(1) safeguard the common values, fundamental interests, independence and integrity of the Union in conformity with the principles of the United Nations charter, (2) To strengthen the security of the Union.... (3) To preserve peace and strengthen international security...(4) to promote international co-operation, (5) to develop and consolidate democracy and the rule of law, and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms'.2 What shall be examined here is whether this theory can be successfully translated into practice i.e. ...read more.

Middle

introduced much needed reforms, which introduced measures to improve and maintain increased levels of success of the CFSP. One of the biggest breakthroughs with relation to the success of the CFSP was the appointment of a permanent HR. The CFSP may have experienced problems and deemed to be inherently weak by its critics but the policy is gaining support. According to recent evidence7 public opinion is moving towards its acceptance. 65% of EU member states ( the original 15 countries) are in support, while more than two-thirds - 68% of those polled in the new accession states are in favour of the CFSP. Inherent Flaws of the CFSP. It is only since the 1990's that the CFSP has gained recognition as an accepted issue within EU politics. The UK and France currently hold tow of the permanent seats on the UN Security Council. In order for CFSP to work, there should only be one seat, and this would require both countries to resign their seats.8 This is something that they are allegedly reluctant to remedy, as no discussion has yet happened over this issue, and according to the UN there is no plan to amend the current situation. ...read more.

Conclusion

- Source Lecture Notes On CFSP November 2004 by Andrew Cottey 2 European Union Website >>CFSP>>External Relations. Http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/cfsp/intro/ 3 Source: 'Eipascope' - The European Institute of Public Administration. March 2004. Http://www/eipa.nl 4 Common Foreign and Security Policy. Http://www.euro-army.co.uk/pro-eu.html 5 Smith, Karen 'EU External Relations' in 'European Union Politics' (Edited by Michelle Cini) (Oxford University Press) (2003: p234) 6 Information Source for the evolution of the CFSP: European Union Website. Background information on the CFSP. Http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/cfsp/intro/. Text on European Politics - Smith, Karen 'EU External Relations' in 'European Union Politics' (Edited by Michelle Cini) (Oxford University Press) (2003: p234) 7 'Eurobarometer' Spring 20004 - Public Opinion in the European Union. Joint full report of Eurobarometer 61 and CC Eurobarometer 2004.1 8 Hurdles and Barriers to the full development of a Single European Foreign Policy, Defence Policy & Defence Structure. Http://www.unc.edu/depts/europe/conferences/eu/Cfsp/cfsp6.html 9 Relating to Ireland: 'The White Paper on Defence' (Dublin Stationary Office) (February 2000) 10 Hurdles and Barriers to the full development of a Single European Foreign Policy, Defence Policy & Defence Structure. Http://www.unc.edu/depts/europe/conferences/eu/Cfsp/cfsp6.html 11 Paper by Su-Mi Lee 'Britains recent CFSP initiatives' presented at the 7th ECSA Biennial International Conference. 12 'Security Challenges in Transatlantic Relations' by Charles Grant - Journal of international Politics - February 2003. Http://www.weltpolitik.net/Sachgebiete/Internationale%20Sicherheitspolitik 13 The Council of the European Union - Fight against Terrorism. Htpp://ue.eu.int/cms3_fo/showPage.asp?id=406&lang=EN ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. The Institution of the European Union and Theories.

    Task 2 /A An analysis of relevant cultural attributes Culture is the attitudes, values and beliefs that are shared by people in the business. Ronen and Sinker with their cross cultural studies were able to derive eight world wide clusters based on shared societal attitudes and work related values.

  2. What were the key provisions of the Treaty on European Union (Maastricht)? Discuss how ...

    Consequently eleven European countries13 formed an economic and monetary union (EMU) and introduced a single currency - the euro. These countries shared the new currency and a single interest rate, set by the European Central Bank (ECB), and a single foreign exchange rate policy.

  1. Why did many British colonies demand independence from Britain in the years immediately after ...

    In this question, I want to describe how Britain's relationship with the EEC changed between 1953-73. I will look at the issues around Britain and the EEC, and how the EEC perceived Britain and Britain perceiving the EEC. I would be talking about how the leading figures took action within the EEC and Britain.

  2. Free essay

    Has British Politics been Europeanised

    In summary, we can see from the evidence and material presented that Britain has become 'Europeanised', but Britain does also have much influence on the way that Europe is governed. Furthermore, the fact that Britain has managed to keep its own currency and refused to adopt the single European currency

  1. European Union

    The form and method for implementing them is left to the Member States, who have a given time in which to do so'7. EU regulations are compulsory in their entirety and directly applicable in all Member States8. Regulations take effect in the UK without the need for further implementation.

  2. The UN is an ineffective Peacekeeper. Discuss

    there was also a shortage of resources both human and in areas such as armaments. The same problem was prominent in Bosnia during the civil war in Bosnia 1991-1997. The UN in 1995 began to set up 'safe havens' for refugees, such as that of Srebrenica.

  1. What does citizenship mean in the European context?

    One has to believe that the High Contracting Parties understood the fundamental nature of citizenship in redefining the nature of the Union -- and it is this understanding, rather than misunderstanding which lead them to the desultory Article 8. But why, then, open Pandora's box at all?

  2. Is it possible and desirable to think of migration as a security issue in ...

    Secondly, by making it a 'state's secret', moving it from public discourse to arena of state security (clandestine issues). The best illustration of the latter is the situation in contemporary Russia. Official discourse concerning migration in Russia is highly securitisied.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work