• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'The European Union's common foreign and security policy has been more rhetoric than reality'

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'The European Union's common foreign and security policy has been more rhetoric than reality' Introduction The treaty on the European Union stated that 'The Union shall define and implement a common foreign and security policy covering all areas of foreign and security policy'1 The European Union is an absolute and ineffable power of the Western world comprising of twenty-five member states and is home to four hundred million people. The CFSP was established under the Treaty of Europe, which was signed at Maastricht in 1992, (and was then further developed in the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1997) with the aim of protecting the interests of these member states. Five key principles are integral to the operation of the CFSP. These are to '(1) safeguard the common values, fundamental interests, independence and integrity of the Union in conformity with the principles of the United Nations charter, (2) To strengthen the security of the Union.... (3) To preserve peace and strengthen international security...(4) to promote international co-operation, (5) to develop and consolidate democracy and the rule of law, and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms'.2 What shall be examined here is whether this theory can be successfully translated into practice i.e. ...read more.

Middle

introduced much needed reforms, which introduced measures to improve and maintain increased levels of success of the CFSP. One of the biggest breakthroughs with relation to the success of the CFSP was the appointment of a permanent HR. The CFSP may have experienced problems and deemed to be inherently weak by its critics but the policy is gaining support. According to recent evidence7 public opinion is moving towards its acceptance. 65% of EU member states ( the original 15 countries) are in support, while more than two-thirds - 68% of those polled in the new accession states are in favour of the CFSP. Inherent Flaws of the CFSP. It is only since the 1990's that the CFSP has gained recognition as an accepted issue within EU politics. The UK and France currently hold tow of the permanent seats on the UN Security Council. In order for CFSP to work, there should only be one seat, and this would require both countries to resign their seats.8 This is something that they are allegedly reluctant to remedy, as no discussion has yet happened over this issue, and according to the UN there is no plan to amend the current situation. ...read more.

Conclusion

- Source Lecture Notes On CFSP November 2004 by Andrew Cottey 2 European Union Website >>CFSP>>External Relations. Http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/cfsp/intro/ 3 Source: 'Eipascope' - The European Institute of Public Administration. March 2004. Http://www/eipa.nl 4 Common Foreign and Security Policy. Http://www.euro-army.co.uk/pro-eu.html 5 Smith, Karen 'EU External Relations' in 'European Union Politics' (Edited by Michelle Cini) (Oxford University Press) (2003: p234) 6 Information Source for the evolution of the CFSP: European Union Website. Background information on the CFSP. Http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/cfsp/intro/. Text on European Politics - Smith, Karen 'EU External Relations' in 'European Union Politics' (Edited by Michelle Cini) (Oxford University Press) (2003: p234) 7 'Eurobarometer' Spring 20004 - Public Opinion in the European Union. Joint full report of Eurobarometer 61 and CC Eurobarometer 2004.1 8 Hurdles and Barriers to the full development of a Single European Foreign Policy, Defence Policy & Defence Structure. Http://www.unc.edu/depts/europe/conferences/eu/Cfsp/cfsp6.html 9 Relating to Ireland: 'The White Paper on Defence' (Dublin Stationary Office) (February 2000) 10 Hurdles and Barriers to the full development of a Single European Foreign Policy, Defence Policy & Defence Structure. Http://www.unc.edu/depts/europe/conferences/eu/Cfsp/cfsp6.html 11 Paper by Su-Mi Lee 'Britains recent CFSP initiatives' presented at the 7th ECSA Biennial International Conference. 12 'Security Challenges in Transatlantic Relations' by Charles Grant - Journal of international Politics - February 2003. Http://www.weltpolitik.net/Sachgebiete/Internationale%20Sicherheitspolitik 13 The Council of the European Union - Fight against Terrorism. Htpp://ue.eu.int/cms3_fo/showPage.asp?id=406&lang=EN ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. The UN is an ineffective Peacekeeper. Discuss

    In Srebrenica, approximately 8,000 Bosnian males were brutally murdered. Also, the UN aid convoys possessed enough food aid to offer support to the poorest regions of Bosnia, however the UN frequently prevented the transportation of the aid to the regions where conflict was at its fiercest in an effort to prevent diplomatic efforts to reach a settlement from being undermined.

  2. Free essay

    Has British Politics been Europeanised

    Furthermore, the extent to which the activities of the British government involve participating in the business of governing the European Union. The final aspect of Europeanisation is the political system which talks about the interpenetration of the political system with the European Union.

  1. European Union

    The ECJ held that national courts must set aside any national law which conflicted with EC law, whether prior or subsequent to EC law.

  2. 'Economic Integration within the European Union: Have MNEs driven the Commission's decision to adopt ...

    However, there are still significant differences between IFRS and the United States' GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles). Currently, the IASB and the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), who are responsible for the establishment of US GAAP, are working towards convergence, and have been since 2002 (Scholz, 2005).

  1. The EU's CFSP and the Iraq Crisis: A Catalyst for Change?

    In particular we can see several important factors that made a common foreign policy especially challenging in the post-Cold War era. EU's Limited Military With the end of the Cold War, and the USSR now gone, Europe had the chance to attain De Gaulle's dream of becoming the "other" superpower in the world.

  2. Transformation of the U.S. Hegemony in Europe through NATO after the Cold War

    in the area. Today, being part of European Security is of crucial importance for American foreign policy makers. U.S. positioning in latest security and defense arrangements and the compromise, which permanently and inevitably shows the place of U.S in Europe within the structure of the new world order, will provide a sufficient answer to the main question raised above.

  1. What does citizenship mean in the European context?

    But, although, Article 8 mentions duties these remain mysterious and none are listed. And whereas the Council, to an even greater degree the Commission and especially, Parliament, are lavish in their clamour for more and more rights, the language of duty and service let alone loyalty are muted at best

  2. What was the original purpose of NATO?

    These problems along with tensions between the American and European NATO members over Bosnia policy dogged the first major NATO mission of the Post-Cold War era. Later NATO actions in the Balkans went more smoothly in terms of alliance cohesion.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work