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The Kurds - A struggle for a state.

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Introduction

The Kurds A struggle for a state Fares Nimri Quick Facts Overview Most of the world's 20-25 million Kurds live in Turkey, although an unofficial region called "Kurdistan" also includes parts of Iraq, Iran, Syria, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. The Kurds are the largest ethnic group in the world without their own state, and for much of the century, Kurdish separatists have sought to establish an independent Kurdish homeland. In 1984, the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) began an armed insurrection against the Turkish government; 15 years of guerrilla war have claimed approximately 30,000 lives. After the capture of PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan in March-and his later conviction for treason-the PKK announced its willingness to negotiate an end to the conflict. Kurdish factions have also been active in other countries, most notably Iraq. In the late 1980s, Saddam Hussein engaged in the brutal "Anfal" campaign, in which chemical weapons were used to put down a Kurdish uprising. A revolt also followed Iraq's defeat in the Gulf War, but the Iraqi military-aided by divisions among rival Kurdish factions-eventually squelched this uprising. Statistics Iran: Population (1998) : 61,531,000 Government Type : Islamic republic Ethnic Groups : Persian (51%), Azerbaijani (24%), Gilaki/Mazandarani (8%), Kurd (7%), other (10%) Major Religions : Shi'i Muslim (93%), Sunni Muslim (6%), Other (1%) Major Languages : Farsi, Azerbaijani, Kurdish Casualties : N/A Turkey: Population (1998) ...read more.

Middle

Kurds in Turkey are called "Mountain Turks". Turkey's Policy towards Kurds is extremely harsh and cruel because the importance of the national unity of Turkey. Military Actions had been taken against the Kurds by the Turks back in 1992 in an attempt to get rid of Kurds. The International Community had condemned the policy used by the Turks against the Kurds. And encouraged Turkey to change its' policy towards a better policy which is approved by the International Community. Kurds in Iraq Kurds make up 1/3 of the Iraqi Nation, which considered Al Mulla Mustafa Al Barazani to be their leader. After the Iraq-Iran war, Saddam Hussein took his revenge from the Kurds of Iraq for helping Iran during the war by killing almost 6000 people, 2 million Kurds fled from Iraq to Iran because of this. Kurds had the ability to fight a traditional war, but when it comes to a chemical war they stand helpless. Kurds established a kind of an independent state in northern Iraq, The part of Iraq where 2/3 of it is considered a No-Fly Zone , The thing which helped the Kurds maintain this small independent state. 'Anfal' Campaign In the Anfal Campaign it was estimated that 50000-100000 Kurds were killed from women, children and men; also in the campaign more than 4000 villages were destroyed and schools and mosques were burnt. ...read more.

Conclusion

Persecution of the Kurdish Culture and Traditions Like Language Kurds are forbidden to maintain their culture and traditions, in each of the countries they live in, the Kurds cannot wear their own traditional clothes, and they can't perform their customs, the thing which is greatly affecting the cultural aspect of the Kurds, because in order to maintain their culture they must be able to perform their customs, wear their clothes and perform their traditions and pass it on to their children. Persecution of the Kurdish Natural Rights Persecution of Kurds in Syria has another type, which is that marriages between Kurdish men and Syrian women is forbidden thing to do. Al Hussami, a Syrian official in the ministry of internal affairs says: "Kurdish women can marry Syrian men and become citizens. But marriages between Syrian women and Kurdish men are prohibited. "This is a right that we reserve to protect the nationality of our women" Quotations "The Committee declared that it was "profoundly alarmed about widespread and systematic violations of human rights inflicted on people because of their ethnic or national origin." "The Committee, made up of 18 independent experts, has the mission of overseeing implementation of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination." "However, the situation in Turkey's prisons is not as bad as in police stations there, she added. According to Bernath, the problem in Turkey is that "there is no political will for change. ...read more.

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