• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14

The Labour Party.

Extracts from this document...


Political Parties 2002 ~ Research Project The Labour Party Brief history of Party: * The Labour Party was founded in 1900 after several generations of preparatory trade unions. * It elected 29 members to parliament in 1906 and in the two elections of 1910 it elected 40 and 42 members. * In 1924 it formed its first government, with Ramsay MacDonald as prime minister, nevertheless the government only lasted a few months but in 1929 they were re-elected. * In 1945 it won an overwhelming electoral victory where Attlee became prime minister for the party's first majority government. * During the time of their opposition in power i.e. the conservatives in 1955 and 1959, the part almost split between right and left during this time. Then when Attlee retired the right-winger, Hugh Gaitskell became the party leader. * Harold Wilson then became party leader after Gaitskell's death in 1963, where he was able to lead the party to victory in 1964. * The party lost power to the Conservatives under Margaret Thatcher in the 1979 elections and remained in the opposition until late 1997. * When Michael Foot became party leader in 1980, the party moved sharply to the left but the party split with the SDP formed and leaving some left-wingers left over, the party faced a crushing defeat in the 1983 election. * Michael Foot then resigned and was succeeded by Neil Kinnock where Kinnock led the party to abandon some of its traditional left wing positions but proved unable to achieve victory at the polls. * Kinnock resigned in 1992 after the Conservative victory in the general elections and so the party were succeeded by John Smith. * After John Smith's untimely death in 1994, moderate Tony Blair was chosen to lead the party. * Under Blair's leadership the party formally abandoned traditional socialism in 1995 and won historically 1997-2001 consecutive resounding victories at the polls. ...read more.


* Heath survived the Party's loss of further seats to Labour in the 1966 election, but never secured the affection of the public or Conservative backbenchers. To general surprise, he won the 1970 election and became Prime Minister. * Despite his personal achievement in taking Britain into the Common market, the failures of the Heath ministry of 1970-1974 have been the catharsis of modern Conservatism. * The reversals of policy, the failure to control inflation or contain the trade unions through legislation on industrial relations, and two defeats at the hands of the coal-miners led first to the fall of Heath and second to the rise and development of Thatcherism. * After losing the two elections of February and October 1974, Heath was forced to hold a ballot for the Party leadership in February 1975 in which he was defeated by Margaret Thatcher. * In opposition during 1975-1979 the new leader developed a radical agenda founded upon the 'free market', rolling back government intervention and leaving as much as possible to individual initiative; this was the core of thatcherism. * Concern over economic decline and the power wielded by the trade unions created a receptive public mood, and Thatcher led the Conservatives to three successive victories in 1979, 1983 and 1987. * She was the dominant political personality throughout the 1980s, especially after securing victory in the Falklands war of 1982. * She is widely credited with restoring Britain's status as an enterprise-based economy and as a significant influence on the international stage. However, at the end of the decade economic recession, her commitment to the deeply unpopular 'poll tax', and internal disputes over European policy led to Mrs Thatcher's defeat in a leadership ballot in November 1990. The main ideology of the party and the most important factions: There was the ideology of Conservatism, which is more of an approach than just a set of ideas. ...read more.


The best way to summarize the Socialist Alliance is to say that they represent the same ideals as Clement Atlee's 1945-1951 Labour Government. They are a new party, founded in 1996 but with a great deal of support including a relatively large membership for their size of over 5,000 and the backing of influential trade unionists, journalists and comedians. They are naturally a coalition of a variety of parties, organisations and individuals whom are all to the left of the Labour Party. These include the Marxist, Socialist Workers Party, and the Communist Party of Great Britain as well as many former members of the Labour Party. Analysis of why it has failed to challenge the dominance of the two main parties: This party has failed to challenge the dominance of the two main parties because this party is a minority party and it lacks in many things such as it doesn't have such a high financial status as the two main parties, it doesn't have as many voters behind them since they are a very recent and newly built party. This party has done pretty well for a start, and it does have the values and beliefs of the three main parties one party. The only thing is that the two main parties have been in the business or in the category for many years or even decades and they have a successful history therefore they have attracted many people from the past and people tend to stick to their old favourite rather than changing to a new one which probably has a bright future as this party surely does. Also since they do not have many supporters and may not have supporters from big businesses their funding will be very low and they wouldn't receive any large donations unless they prove they are serious candidates in challenging the two main parties. Also the key policies and promises, which they have made would not necessarily be believed by the public that they will be achieved since they have no history behind them stating they have fulfilled the promises they had made before. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent can Ramsay MacDonald be considered a Traitor to the Labour Party?

    3 star(s)

    His choice was to betray the socialist idea, or to betray the nation that was waiting for a policy to improve their situation in Britain. "accused of betraying his party, but if he had acted differently he would have betrayed his whole approach to politics" Not only was it a

  2. Government & Politics Revision Notes

    General elections have several key functions. * CONTROL OF GOVERNMENT- They are a mechanism for making governments and, possibly, for the transfer of power from one government to the next. They also renew existing governments and can also remove them. This happens in the UK through the strength of parties in the House of Commons, governments

  1. priministers power

    They point out how Mrs Thatcher's failure to keep the support of important figures like like Heseltine, Lawson and Howe led to her downfall. Major was unable to prevent anti-Europeans rocking his Cabinet with divisions and even his amiable character was not able to prevent bitter disputes at the top

  2. "Joseph Chamberlain's tariff reform campaign was to blame for the Conservative loss of the ...

    However although Chamberlain's ideas were all meant for the best they were largely understood with great hesitance. The Conservatives carried forward a policy of "laissez-faire" or otherwise known as non interventionism, that ignored the social aspects and problems in the country.

  1. How, and with what success, have governments attempted to improve the provision of health ...

    rights to which they are entitled and pledges which the NHS will strive to deliver, together with responsibilities which the public, patients and staff owe to each other to ensure the NHS operates fairly and effectively whether this is short term or long term care.

  2. Apart from referendums, explain three ways in which democracy in the UK could be ...

    He also points out the disadvantages which are that there is no absolute link between votes and seats won. Now I am going to list the alternative systems that Jenkins proposes ? I am going to start with the Single Transferable vote which is used in The Republic of Ireland, Australian Senate and the Northern Ireland Assembly.

  1. Political parties and Ideas - Thatcherism

    The sale of public sector industries is a Thatcherite idea that would ease the work load of parliament so that they can focus on more pressing matters such as education and the environment for example. This is a prime thatcherite view of a small state, as represented by the current conservative party.

  2. To what extent have the ideas and the policies of the Conservative and the ...

    In the wake of the 2008 financial crisis the two parties became more polarised in how to limit the damage caused. The differences of the parties were accentuated especially in the 2010 election where each party outlined how they would deal with the crisis.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work